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April 11

Saint’s Day for Felipe.

1431 - Granada, a terrible earthquake destroyed the town of Atarfe.
1713 - Great Britain, Spain, the Netherlands, Prussia, Savoy, Portugal & France agree the Treaty of Utrecht: France cedes Maritime provinces in North America to Britain
1512 - War of the League of Cambrai: Franco-Ferrarese forces led by Gaston de Foix and Alfonso I d'Este win the Battle of Ravenna against the Papal-Spanish forces
1713 - France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Utrecht, bringing an end to the War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne's War) Britain accepts Felipe V as King of Spain, while Felipe renounces any claim to the French throne
1809 - Battle of the Basque Roads Admiral Lord Gambier fails to support Captain Lord Cochrane, leading to an incomplete British victory over the French fleet
1899 - a peace treaty came into force between Spain and the United States, by which Spain ceded the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico to the US.

José Luis Garcia - Photo www.uimp.es

1983 - José Luis Garcia's ‘Volver a empezar’ becomes the first Spanish language film to win an Oscar.
2002 - Spanish Natural Park Arribes del Duero belonging to 37 municipalities in the provinces of Zamora and Salamanca is created
2018 - ERE scandal – ‘Griñán hid behind his subordinates’ José Antonio Griñán is accused of defrauding 885 million € as the President of the Junta de Andalucía and previous economy councillor told the judge ‘I didn’t exactly know what happened’

1492 - Margarita de Angulema, Navarra Queen Concert.
1645 - Juan del Valle y Caviedes, writer and poet.
1666 - José Patiño, mayor of the Spanish Navy and Secretary of the Navy and the Indies (d. 1736).
1772 - Manuel José Quintana, author and poet (El Duque de Viseo) born in Madrid (d. 1857).
1873 - Antonio de Gregorio Rocasolano, professor (d. 1941).
1878 - Leopoldo Eijo y Garay, bishop (d. 1963).
1908 - Juan González Moreno, sculptor.
1908 - José Antonio Remón Cantera, soldier and politician (d. 1955).
1931 - José María Ruiz–Mateos y Jiménez de Tejada, businessman and politician. He began by exporting wine to England. As the son of a small sherry producer, he managed to sign a monster contract in 1964, becoming the exclusive supplier to John Harvey & Sons. As this required more sherry wine than his family bodega could supply, he started buying other wineries. At the heart of his wine group was the company Bodegas Internacionales.
He founded the conglomerate Rumasa (Ruiz Mateos Sociedad Anónima) and had considerable influence in Spanish society. The group included several banks, hotels, wineries, supermarkets and luxury stores, insurance companies, construction firms... In 1983, the government of Spain (the Socialist Party was in office at the time and led by Felipe González) expropriated the company. The government alleged that Rumasa had failed to pay millions of pesetas in mandatory taxes to the national treasury. The government also claimed that Rumasa was in virtual bankruptcy and that it was still afloat thanks solely to imaginative accounting by the auditing department of the company. Ruiz Mateos disagreed with this assessment. He sued the government for compensation, but lost in court.
He was imprisoned on charges of currency smuggling, fraud and tax evasion
After several years in jail, he went back into public life, became the owner of the Rayo Vallecano football (soccer) team in 1991, and formed his own political party, as part of which he was elected to the European Parliament in 1989 and consequently achieved the judicial immunity that he was looking for. He also founded a new holding company, New Rumasa, with 16,000 employees. There have been multiple and various court rulings on the Rumasa case both in Spain and outside Spain; the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court have both spoken on numerous judgments. Ruíz Mateos was acquitted in 1999 by the Spanish Supreme Court
He was a well-known member of Opus Dei, though he was expelled from the group in 1986
Ruíz Mateos was the father of 13 sons and daughters.
On 17 February 2011 the ten largest companies within the Nueva Rumasa group were declared in default and unable to make payments to their creditors after the Spanish Social Security, Royal Bank of Scotland and others requested that liens be placed on the companies' assets, nearly twenty-eight years to the day on which his original holding company, Rumasa, was expropriated by the Spanish government. (d. 2015)
1953 - Francisco Suarez Cardona, ornithologist and ecologist (d. 2010).
1957 - Juan Carlos Arteche, footballer (d. 2010).
1969 - Oriol Junqueras i Vies  Spanish politician, historian and academic from Cataluña
1970 - Mar Regueras, actress.
1974 - The former No. 2-ranked tennis player, Álex Corretja, (1990 Orange Bowl boys 16) was born in Barcelona He won 17 Association of Tennis Professionals singles titles during his career.
1980 - Fran Estévez, film maker.
1983 - Rubén Palazuelos, footballer.
1985 - Pablo Hernández Domínguez, footballer.
1991 - Thiago Alcántara, footballer.

1694 - José de Carabantes, priest (b. 1628).
1865 - Antonio Alcalá Galiano, politician and writer (b. 1789).
1927 - Rafael Gasset Chinchilla, journalist and politician (b. 1866).
1945 - Alfons Sala, politician (b. 1863).
1962 - The master of silent cinema, the director Florián Rey, died in Benidorm, Alicante.(b.1894)
1978 - Antonia Herrero, actress (b. 1897).
2008 - Juan Ramón Sánchez, actor
2009 - Corín Tellado, writer (b. 1927).
2010 - Juan Manuel Gozalo, sports journalist (b. 1944).
2011 - Alvaro Morales Rodríguez, actor, director of theatre and poet (b 1953.).
2012 - Marisa Medina, Spanish actress (b 1942.).