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April 15

Saint’s Day for Anastasia, Eutiquio, Basilisa and Crescente.

1250 - Pope Innocent IV refuses Jews of Cordova their request to build a synagogue
1354 - In Cuellar, Pedro I of Castile and Juana de Castro marry.
1408 - Yusuf III, King of Granada, signed a truce with the Christians.
1493 - Sevilla, Christopher Columbus arrives after the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean; It is received triumphantly.
1689 - French King Louis XiV declares war on Spain
1717 - The Royal Academy Midshipmen Knights, predecessor of the Spanish Naval Academy is created
1814 - Cortes of Cadiz approved the provisional rules of procedure of the National Militia.
1815 - in the Puerta del Sol, a fire destroys a block of houses (16 houses).
1848 - in Spain and its colonies, Bertran de Lis I -member Narvaez ministry establishes the decimal monetary system.
1920 - Opens the Spanish Communist Party, which next year will join the Spanish Communist Workers' Party to found the Communist Party of Spain.

"Perico Delgado" by Willtron. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

1924 - The rightist Miguel Primo de Rivera founded the Patriotic Union party.
1938 - during the Spanish Civil War, Franco's troops, commanded by Alonso Vega, occupying Vinaroz, dividing into two parts Republican Spain and getting isolate Catalonia.
1976 - in Spain begins the XXX Congress of the UGT, the first held after the Civil War.
1980 - Pilar Miró is judged by military courts, recognizing author of the film The Crime of Cuenca.
2015 - Russian fishing boat ‘Oleg Neydenov’ sank in waters south of Gran Canaria

1662 - Fernando de Alencastre Noroña y Silva, 1st Duke of Linares, GE, KOS (born in Madrid, was a Spanish nobleman and military officer. He also served as Viceroy of New Spain (colonial México), from January 15, 1711 to August 15, 1716. (d. 1717)
1869 - Concha Espina, writer. (d. 1955)
1892 - Manuel Quiroga Losada was a Spanish violinist and composer. He was described by music critics as "the finest successor of Pablo de Sarasate" and he is sometimes referred to as "Sarasate's spiritual heir". Enrique Granados, Eugène Ysaÿe (whose sixth Solo Sonata is dedicated to Quiroga) and other composers dedicated compositions to him. Violinists Ysaÿe, Fritz Kreisler, George Enescu, Mischa Elman and Jascha Heifetz, as well as composers such as Igor Stravinsky and Jean Sibelius, held Quiroga's artistry in great regard. Portuguese cellist Guilhermina Suggia described his playing of Tartini's Devil's Trill Sonata as "marvellous and flawless".
Manuel Quiroga Losada - unknown author 
Quiroga was also a composer of two violin concertos, sets of variations, studies and smaller violin pieces, and cadenzas to major concertos from the core repertoire. He was the first to extensively use Galician nationalistic folklore as the basis of classical music compositions, and he was also a caricaturist and portraitist in oil and charcoal.
In 1937, Quiroga was involved in a traffic accident in New York City, which left him with a paralysed arm and ended his playing career (d. 1961)
1900 - Ramón Iribarren Cavanilles, engineer (d. 1967).
1908 - Aureli Maria Escarré, priest (d. 1964).
1940 - Cristóbal Toral, painter.
1947 - Enrique Curiel, politician and political scientist (d. 2011).
1960 - Pedro Delgado, cyclist former champion of the Tour de France and the Vuelta a España, was born in Segovia.
1966 - Pedro Andreu, drummer , with the band Héroes del Silencio.
1970 - Miki Oca, water polo player.
1971 - Mariano Ortega, handball player.
1980 -
Raül López, basketball player
1982 - Albert Riera, footballer
1991 - Javier Fernández López, figure skater

1782 - Luis Manuel de Zañartu, Spanish mayor of Santiago de Chile.
1801 - Pedro Lucas de Allende, merchant (b 1742.).
1810 - Joaquin Fernando Garay, biologist (b 1733.).
1828 - Francisco de Goya, painter.
1917 - Gumersindo de Azcárate, politician and sociologist.
1925 - Faustino Nicoli, Barcelona industrialist and politician (b. 1852).
1929 - Torcuato Luca de Tena y Álvarez Ossorio, journalist.
1939 - José Piqueras, politician (b. 1884).
1942 - José Moreno Carbonero, painter.
1967 - Fernando de Castro Rodríguez, doctor and scientist (b. 1896).
1969 - Princes Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, grand-daughter of Queen Victoria of Britain, widow of Alfonso XIII of Spain and grandmother of Juan Carlos I, died at her home in Lausanne, Switzerland
1977 - Nicolás Franco, soldier and diplomat (b. 1891).
2006 - Félix Bayón, journalist and poet.
2014 - Júnior, Filipino-Spanish singer and actor (b. 1943)