Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

April 24

Saint’s Day for Gregorio, Eusebio and Sabas.

1234 - King Ferdinand III of Castile Magacela donated to the Order of Alcantara in exchange for the city of Trujillo
1312 - King Ferdinand IV of Castile granted the Charter of the Villas Ojacastro, Ezcaray, Zorraquin Valgañón and in La Rioja.
1521 - within the framework of the revolt of the comuneros, are decapitated in Villalar of the Communards, Juan de Padilla, Juan Bravo and Francisco Maldonado, main commoners.1808 - the people of León rise up in arms against the French armies occupying Spain.
1547 - Battle of Mühlberg, Duke of Alba, commanding Spanish-Imperial forces of Carlos 1 of Spain, defeats the troops of the Schmalkaldic League
1616 - Madrid, the remains of Miguel de Cervantes are buried in the church of the Trinity.
1701 - In Spain the reign of the House of Bourbon starts after the arrival of Felipe V of Spain to Madrid.

María Teresa Fernández de la Vega - Archive photo

1779 - Spain begins the Great Siege of Gibraltar, the third carried out by Spain from the loss of the city to recover the British colony.
1808 - Leonese rise against the French, the first uprising against Napoleon in Spain.
1844 - Spain recognises the independence of Chile.
1898 - Spain declares war on the United States in the Spanish-American War after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
1932 - the pilot, Fernando Rein Loring, takes off from Madrid on the first leg of his flight to Manila. He became the first pilot to fly the route in a private light aircraft when he reached Manila on 12th July that year, after flying a distance of more than 15,500 kms.
1980 - The candidate for the CiU nationalist coalition, Jordi Pujol, becomes the first President of the Generalitat de Cataluña of the newly-democratic Spain, remaining in the position for the next 23 years, and accused of corruption.
2004 - The Socialist government’s Deputy Prime Minister, María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, becomes the first woman in democracy in Spain to take on the role of Acting Prime Minister when José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero is absent on his first official trip abroad.

1086 - Ramiro II the monk, King of Aragón (d. 1157).
1678 - Francisco del Rallo Calderón, noble.
1743 - Bartolomé María de las Heras, priest (d. 1823).
1767 - José Imaz Baquedano, economist and politician (d. 1834).
1787 - Mateu Orfila, scientist (d. 1853).
1788 - Francisco Abad Moreno, guerrilla (d. 1827).
1842 - Marcos Zapata Mañas, dramatist and poet (d. 1913).
1859 - Fidel García Berlanga, lawyer and politician (d. 1914).
1870 - Joan Rubió, architect (d. 1952).
1871 - José Franchy y Roca, politician (d. 1944).

1878 - Fidel Dávila Arrondo, Born in Barcelona, as an infantry officer, he fought in Cuba during the Spanish–American War and received the Cruz del Mérito Militar. He later entered the General Staff of the Army. He was then promoted to lieutenant colonel and assigned to Spanish Morocco. In 1929 he was promoted to brigadier general and was assigned to the VII Military district.
During the military reforms of Prime Minister Manuel Azaña, he solicited permission to go into the reserves and settled down in Burgos, from where he participated in the military conspiracy to overthrow the Popular Front government. On the night of the July 18–19, 1936 he seized the civil government of Burgos. He was a member of the Junta de Defensa Nacional and president of the Junta Técnica del Estado, the core of the future national government, as well as chief of staff of the Army. He participated in the War in the North resulting in the conquest of Biscay, Cantabria, and Asturias.
Fidel Dávila in 1939 - Unknown artist 
He was named minister of National Defense in the first government of Francisco Franco (February 1938), at the same time he was promoted to lieutenant general. He organized the Aragon Offensive campaign to isolate Catalonia and participated in the campaign of the Maestrazgo, the Battle of the Ebro and the Catalonia Offensive resulting in the final conquest of that region. In August 1939 he received the post of captain-general of the II Military district and the headquarters of the general staff. In July 1945 he was designated minister of the Army and in 1949 he was named head of the government. In 1951 he was part of the Council of the Kingdom and president of the Geographic Superior Council. He died in Madrid in 1962.

1880 - Fidel Fuidio, archeologist (d. 1936).
1880 - Fidel García, Bishop (d. 1973).
1885 - Adelardo Covarsí, painter (d. 1951).
1888 - Manuel Velasco de Pando, engineer (d. 1956).
1889 - Rafael Aizpún, politician (d. 1981).
1896 - Charlie Rivel, clown (d. 1983).
1903 - José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of Falange Española and son of the 1920s dictator, General Miguel Primo de Rivera, was born in Madrid. (d. 1936)
1903 - Juan Monjardín Callejón, footballer (d. 1950).
1912 - Miguel Ángel García-Lomas, architect and politician (d. 1976).
1912 - Víctor Ruiz Iriarte, writer (d. 1982).
1917 - Chus Alonso, footballer (d. 1979).
1918 - Fernando Díaz-Plaja, journalist and historian (d. 2012).
1919 - César Manrique,  was an artist, sculptor, architect and activist from Lanzarote.(d. 1992).
1926 - Florinda Chico, actress (d. 2011).
1930 - Enric Badía Romero, draftsman.
1932 - Manuel Moreno Barranco, writer (d. 1963).
1938 - Ricardo Doménech, writer (d. 2010).
1939 - Julio Gento, footballer.
1941 - Javier Rupérez, politician.
1947 - Josep Borrell, former Public Works Minister with the Socialist government of Felipe González and later 22nd President of the European Parliament (2004-07), who was born in Pobla de Segur, Lleida.
1958 - Fernando Luna, tennis player born in Ciudad Real
1961 - Francisco Romero Fernández, writer.
1964 - Josep María Sala y Boix, footballer.
1968 - Miguel Ángel Gómez Campuzano, athlete (d. 1993).
1969 - Ana Belén Álvaro, basketball player.
1971 - Óscar Tabuenca, footballer.
1973 - Sonia Blanco, basketball player.
1973 - Carlos Viver, handball player
1974 - Iván Rosado, footballer.
1976 - Juanma Gárate, cyclist.
1978 - The adopted malagueña, the singer known as Pasión Vega, was born on this day in Madrid.
1984 - Yasmina Hernández, volleyball player.
1988 - Laura López Valle, synchronised swimmer.
1993 - Laura Gil, Basketball player
1993 - Laia Pons, Synchronised swimmer.

1479 - Jorge Manrique, Castilian poet (b 1440).
1521 - Juan Bravo, Juan de Padilla and Francisco Maldonado, chief commoners in the revolt of the comuneros, were decapitated in Villalar (Valladolid).
1599 - Diego Aponte Quiñones, bishop.
1737 - Rafael de Eslava, soldier (b. 1688).
1806 - José Solano y Bote, solider (b. 1726).
1892 - Josep Maria Bocabella, bookseller and philanthropist (b 1815.).
1896 - Telesforo Montejo Robledo, politician (b. 1818).
1910 - Jose Maria Sbarbi and Osuna, religious, philologist and musicologist (b 1834.).
1917 - Florentino Ballesteros, bullfighter (b. 1893).
1918 - José María Menéndez Menéndez, businessman (b. 1846).
1933 - Félix Lorenzo, editor (b. 1879).
1942 - Leonor Serrano Pablo, jurist and writer (b. 1890).
1945 - Manuel Lozano Guillén, anarquist and soldier (b. 1904).
1945 - José Maruenda Sentana, teacher and politician (b. 1875).
1962 - Benigno Ferrer, educator and politician (b. 1878).
1966 - Emilio Prados, poet (b. 1899).
1984 - Rafael Pérez y Pérez, author (b. 1891)
1986 - Antonio Rosón, politician (b. 1911).
1996 - Rafael Orozco Flores, pianist (b. 1946).
2002 - Manuel Fernández Avello, journalist (b. 1924).
2011 - Aitzol Aramaio, Basque film director (b. 1971).