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August 10

Saints Days : Lorenzo, Basa and Paula
San Lorenzo fiestas en Huesca

997 - The troops of Almanzor destroy and pillage the city of Santiago de Compostela, taking with them the bells of the city
1343 - A second exploration arrives to the Canary Islands under the command of Majorcan navigator Jaime Ferrer.
1346 - Jaume Ferrer sets out from Mallorca for the 'River of Gold' the Senegal River but the outcome of his quest and his fate are unknown. He is memorialized in his native city of Palma, Mallorca
1461 - Alfonso ed Espina, bishop of Osma urges for an inquisition in Spain

Ferdinand Magellan  - www.history.org

1519 - Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan's five ships set sail from Sevilla to circumnavigate the globe. The Basque second-in-command Juan Sebastián Elcano will the expedition after Magellan's  death in the Philippines 
1557 - Spanish troops of Felipe II beat the French in the Italian War of 1551-59 led by Enrique II in the battle of San Quintin
1697 - Count of Corzana makes Barcelona capitulate to the troops of the Duke of Vendôme that were laying siege for two months, as part of the Nine Years' War. Opposing this surrender the Barcelona authorities and Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, future viceroy of Cataluña.
1759 - Carlos III is proclaimed king of Spain.
1809 - Area of Quinto is the first to declare itself independent from Spain in Latin America, though put down by the Spanish after 24 days (now Ecuador's National Day)
1923 - Celta de Vigo football club founded
1927 - War ends against the Moroccans in the north of Africa
1929 - An explosion in the works of the salts del Duero caused 17 wounded.
1932 - General Jose Sanjurjo made a coup attempt (Sanjurjada).
1936 - Spanish Civil War; The Regional Defence Council of Aragón is dissolved by the Spanish Republic 
1937 - Spanish bishops publish a letter about the high significance of the "national crusade" against the Government of the Republic.
1939 - Writer César Vallejo published Human Poems.
1941 - Fermin Trueba proclaimed champion cyclist.
1941 - In Bilbao the first trade fair was inaugurated.
1946 - Arrived in Madrid US general aviation, James Doolittle. 1949 - Boxer Luis Romero European is proclaimed bantamweight champion.
1962 - Cáceres and the urban set of Trujillo is declared "historic-artistic monumental city."
1963 - Spain approves bill to establish a regime of autonomy in Fernando Poo and Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea).
1974 - Spaniards Antonio Gorostegui and Manuel Albalat proclaim themselves world champions in the 470 class sailing.
1976 - Spanish reservoirs hold 20% of the water they had in 1975.
1982 - The Canary Islands Autonomous Community was created.
1983 - The Spanish Constitutional Court considers that the LOAPA (Organic Law for Harmonizing of the Autonomic Process) is neither organic nor harmonizing, which gives a lower statutes of autonomy range suppresses seven articles and modifies many others. The ruling, issued at the request of appeal by the Catalan and Basque governments, it meant a setback for the socialist government.
1993 - The Italian pop singer Eros Ramazzotti Latin launches his Spanish language album titled All stories.
1995 - In the municipality of Yebra (Guadalajara), heavy rains in central Spain caused the death of eleven people.
2002 - Spanish athletics sum three new medals in European of Munich: Marta Dominguez gold in the 5,000 m and gold and bronze Antonio Jimenez and Martin Berlanas in the 3,000 m steeplechase.
2012 - Heatwave in Spain with records of more than 44°C in Andalucía, Murcia, Valencia, Castilla-La Mancha, Madrid and Extremadura and over 42°C in Aragon, Castilla y Leon, Navarra, La Rioja and the Basque Country. The highest temperature was in Montoro, Cordoba 46.1°C.
2022 - Energy Saving - Air-conditioner summer high of 27ºC and winter low of 19ºC with public buildings, monuments and shopfronts lights to be turned off by 2200 came into vigour.  Some standing professions could turn the thermostat down to 25ºC , opposed by Madrid and some regions of the country
Jaime II called the Just  - https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/
1267 - Jaime II called the Just was the King of Aragón and Valencia and Count of Barcelona from 1291 to 1327. He was also the King of Sicily (as James 1) from 1285 to 1295 and King of Majorca from 1291-1298. From 1297 he was nominally the King of Sardinia and Corsica, but he only acquired the island of Sardinia by conquest in 1324. His full title for the last three decades of his reign was 'James, by the grace of God king of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia and Corsica, and count of Barcelona.  (d. 1327)
1757 - Joaquín Lorenzo Villanueva y Astengo, writer and politician.
1826 - Ramón Martí Alsina, painter (d. 1894)
1892 - Salvador Gil Vernet, physician and researcher (d. 1987)
1893 - Agustín Millares Carlo, palaeographer and academic.
1905 - José Prat, lawyer and socialist politician.
1927 - Rafael de Mendizábal, magistrate.
1928 - Eddie Fisher, American pop singer (Oh My Papa - Lady of Spain) born in Philadelphia (d. 2010)
1930 - Marta Portal, writer.
1931 - Bartolomé Jiménez Torres, bullfighter (d. 2003)
1939 - Natalia Figueroa, journalist and writer.
1947 - Antonio del Real, film director.
1950 - Esther Koplowitz, businesswoman.
1952 - José Ramón Ripoll, poet
1956 - José Luis Montes, footballer and manager (d. 2013)
1960 - Antonio Banderas, (José Antonio Dominguez Bandera), born in Málaga actor known for his work in films of several genres, he has received various accolades, including a Cannes Film Festival Award and a European Film Award, in addition to nominations for an Academy Award, a Tony Award, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and five Golden Globe Awards.

Banderas began his acting career with a series of films by director Pedro Almodóvar in the 1980s; he then appeared in several Hollywood films, such as Philadelphia (1993), Interview with the Vampire (1994), Desperado (1995), Assassins (1995), Evita (1996), and The Mask of Zorro (1998). He also appeared in the Spy Kids series and provided the voice of Puss in Boots in the Shrek franchise and its spin-off film Puss in Boots in 2011.

In 2003, Banderas made his US theatre debut as Guido Contini in Nine, for which he was nominated for a Tony Award and won a Drama Desk Award. He received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for his roles in the television film And Starring Pancho Villa as Himself (2004) and the second season of Genius (2018); his portrayal of Pablo Picasso in the latter garnered him critical praise.

For the 2019 film Pain and Glory, Banderas earned the Cannes Film Festival Award, European Film Award and Goya Award for Best Actor, and received nominations for the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor.

1968 - José Manuel Seda, actor
1983 - Héctor Faubel, motorcycle racer

258 - Lawrence of Rome, Spanish-Italian deacon and saint (b. 225)
1647 - Rodrigo Caro, writer.
1655 - Alfonso de la Cueva, 1st Marquis of Bedmar, cardinal and diplomat (b. 1572)
1759 - Ferdinand VI  the wise King of Spain (b. 1713)
1863 - Julián Romea, actor and poeta.
1923 - Joaquín Sorolla, painter.
1934 - Ignacio Sánchez Mejías, bullfighter
1936 - Blas Infante, father of the andaluza homeland.
1971 - Juan Montero Navarro, bullfighter.
1979 - Germán López Prieto, film producer (b. 1902)
1989 - Alberto Sols, scientist.
1999 - Bernardo Estornés Lasa, writer and promoter of the Basque Culture.
2011 - Moraíto Chico, flamenco guitarist (b. 1957)