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August 11

Saints Days : Clara, Tiburcio, Rufino, Alejando, Susana and Filomena

1492 - Rodrigo de Borja is elected as head of the Catholic Church, taking the name Pope Alexander VI
Born into the prominent Borgia family in Xàtiva under the Crown of Aragón. Rodrigo studied law at the University of Bologna. He was ordained deacon and made a cardinal in 1456 of the election of his uncle as Pope Callixtus III, and a year later be became vice-chancellor of the Catholic Church. He proceeded to serve in the Curia under the next four popes, acquiring significant influence and wealth in the process
In 1492, Rodrigo was elected pope taking the name Alexander VI. Alexander's papal bulls of 1493 confirmed or reconfirmed the rights of the Spanish crown in the New World following the finds of Cristobal Colon in 1492. During the second Italian war, Alexander VI supported his son Cesare Borgia as a condottiero for the French king. The scope of his foreign policy was to gain the most advantageous terms for his family.
Alexander is considered one of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes, partly because he acknowledged fathering several children by his mistresses. As a result, his Italianised Valencian surname, Borgia, became a byword for libertinism and nepotism, which are traditionally considered as characterising his pontificate. On the other hand, two of Alexander's successors, Sixtus V and Urban VIII, described him as one of the most outstanding popes since Saint Peter
1718 - Takes place the Battle of Cape Passaro between British and Spanish naval squadrons.
1812 - Peninsular War: French troops engage British-Portuguese forces in the Battle of Majadahonda.
1851 - Canal de Isabel II starts construction to supply Madrid with water
1898 - Spanish–American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1924 - a general uprising of the Rif Kabyle occurs after General Primo de Rivera announced the withdrawal of Spanish troops in Morocco.
1938 - President of the Government, Juan Negrín, nationalises Spanish companies
1963 - Spain won the swimming tournament of the "Four Nations".
2012 - Heatwave in Spain where historical records of August are exceeded in many observatories with 45.9 ° C in Seville, Cordoba 45.4 ° C and 44 ° C in many cities of Andalucía and Murcia.
2015 - Top matador Francisco Rivera Ordóñez Jr is gored and injured by a bull in Huesca
2017 - La Verdad in Murcia has a photo of shipwrecked small boats ‘the storm devastates La Manga’ - Gusts of wind as strong as 80km/h destroyed the beaches and left stranded dozens of boats - trees and kiosks were destroyed by the downpour and hail caused damages to 3,000 hectares of cultivation.
Información in Alicante has a photo of the La Granadella beach in Jávea destroyed below the nature park which nearly a year ago was destroyed by flames - ‘Climate is breaking its rules’ - sending the province tropical Augusts, micro-tornadoes and more lightening strikes. Rainfall was over 100 litres in several populations and 24,000 lightening strikes - temperatures plummeted inland to 9º.
Diario de Ibiza leads ‘Evacuated dozens of people trapped in Cubells by the storm’ and has a photo. The storm destroyed the cliff road to Cubells and 30 houses were isolated without water or electricity. Nine flights were cancelled, and seven more had to be diverted because of the bad weather.
Formentera - a yacht sunk in Savina and merchandise traffic was suspended - Sant Josep a raging torrent destroyed the beach at Torrent where the waves destroyed 30 metres of the depth of the beach

Births
1136 - Petronila, Queen of Aragón.
1384 - Yolande of Aragón (d. 1442)
1656 - Antonio de Gaztañeta, sailer.
1902 - Alfredo Moreno Uribe, engineer (d. 1981)
1916 - Angel Gonzalez Alvarez, neo-Thomist philosopher.
1932 - Fernando Arrabal Terán is a playwright, screenwriter, film director, novelist and poet. He was born in Melilla and settled in France in 1955. Regarding his nationality, Arrabal describes himself as 'desterrado' of 'half-expatriate, half exiled'
Arrabal has directed seven full-length feature films and has published over 100 plays, 14 novels, 800 poetry collections, chapbooks and artists' books, several essays and his notorious 'Letter to General Franco' during the dictator's lifetime. His complete plays have been published, in multiple languages, in a two-volume edition totaling over two thousand pages. The New York Times' theatre critic Mel Gussow has called Arrabal the last survivor among the 'three avatars of modernism'
Writer and Critic Javier Villan wrote of Arrabal 
'Arrabal's theatre is a wild, brutal, cacophonous, and joyously provocative world. It is a dramatic carnival in which the carcass of our 'advanced' civilisations is barbecued over the spits of a permanent revolution. He is the artistic heir of Kafka's lucidity and Jarry's humour; in his violence, Arrabal is related to Sade and Artaud. Yet he is doubtless the only writer to have pushed derision as far as he did. Deeply political and merrily playful, both revolutionary and bohemian, his work is the syndrome our of century of barbed wire and Gulags, a manner of finding a reprieve'
  
1959 - Carlos Berlanga, musician of Kaka de Luxe bands, and Alaska and Pegamoides (d. 2002)
1959 - Fernando García Calderón, writer.
1960 - Carlos Sobera, television presenter and actor.
1966 - Juan Bonilla, writer.
1967 - Enrique Bunbury, singer-songwriter and guitarist (Héroes del Silencio)
1971 - Javier Sierra, writer and investigator.
1972 - Joane Somarriba, cyclist.
1989 - Úrsula Corberó, actress.
1991 - Cristian Tello, footballer.
Blas Infante

Deaths
897 - Wifredo el Velloso, Count of Barcelona.
1002 - Almanzor, soldier and Andalucía politician.
1531 - Hernán Pérez del Pulgar (80 años), solider and historian.
1563 - Bartolomé de Escobedo, composer and educator  (b. 1500)
1757 - José Pradas Gallén, baroque composer.
1801 - Félix María Samaniego, writer (b. 1745)
1921 - Antonio José Fernández de Villalta y Uribe, politician and lawyer(b. 1837)
1934 - Ignacio Sánchez Mejías, bullfighter.
1936 - Blas Infante, father of the Andalusian homeland, murdered by the Falangists troops for their independence or Andalusian federalist ideology. (b. 1885)
1936 - Benjamín Jarnés, writer.
2001 - Antonio Herrero Losada, journalist (b. 1923)
2009 - José Ramón García Antón, politician (b. 1948)
2011 - José Luis García Asensio, violinist and orchestra conductor (b. 1944)
2013 - María de Villota (33), pilot (b. 1980)