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August 15

Saints Days : Nuestra Señora de la Asunción del Mar, de la Palma, de los Reyes y de la Paloma  Asunción de la Virgen

778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass takes place between the army of Charlemagne and a Basque army
1097 - Troops of Alfonso VI are defeated at Consuegra, Toledo

Rosalía Mera

1237 - The Battle of the Puig takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the Morrish forces of the Taifa of Valencia against the Kingdom of Aragon. The battle resulted in an Aragonese victory.
1284 - Joan I of Navarre marries Philip IV of France which would become a year later Queen of France.
1385 - John I of Aragon creates the Council of Castile.
1466 - Enrique IV of Castile gives power to the Mayors of Guipúzcoa to sentence in cases of witchcraft
1549 - Jesuit priest Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).
1570 - at the castle of Simancas (Valladolid), Barón de Montigny Flemish -political sent by Margaret Parma- is executed by order of Philip II of Spain.
1684 - The Kingdoms of Spain and France sign the Ratisbona treaty which would bring 20 years peace between both countries
1702 - Anglo-Dutch fleet plunders the Spanish ports of Rota and Puerto de Santa María.
1761 - Versailles (France), the Spanish ambassador Marqués de Grimaldi signs the Third Treaty of Family between Spain and France.
1812 - The Spanish Constitution, drawn up by the Cortes in Cádiz, is proclaimed in the Plaza Mayor in Madrid
1866 - Ostend, progressives and Spanish democrats in exile sign the pact Ostende.
1926 - The Bachillerato is reformed.
1938 - North magazine in Spain, socialist theoretical monthly magazine is founded.
1939 - in the cave of the Bats, near Jumilla (Murcia) cave paintings are discovered.
1943: The village called ‘Asquerosa’ (Filthy) in Granada changes its name to Valderrubio, as it makes the best rubio tobacco in the province.
1943 - in Marín (Pontevedra) the Naval Academy was inaugurated.
1955 - In Spain the first tests of the reactor are made Saeta plane.
1985 - Barcelona, Banco Hispano Americano is robbed, with a booty of more than one billion pesetas.
1988 - It is canonically crowned Our Lady Mary of Socorro, titular image of the Brotherhood of "Up" City of Antequera, in the Collegiate Church of Santa Maria Maggiore of the city.
2003 - in a fire at the Puertollano refinery Repsol leaves three dead.
2018 - Bar-hopping for pintxos (Basque tapas) in San Sebastián, named world's best food experience in Lonely Planet's Ultimate Eatlist
Alfonso IX of León and Galicia - https://elultimodeainielle.wordpress.com/ 

1171 - Alfonso IX of León and Galicia from the death of his father Ferdinand II in 1188 until this own death. He took steps towards modernising and democratising his dominion and founded the University of Salamanca in 1212. In 1188 he summoned the first parliament reflecting the fullest representation of the citizenry ever seen in Western Europe, the Cortes de León. He took part in the work of the Reconquest, conquering the area of Extremadura including the cities of Cáceres and Badajoz  (d. 1230)
1488 - Hernando Colon, humanist and cosmógrafo.
1527 - Fray Luis de Leon, poet and Augustinian monk (d. 1591)
1862 - Blanca de los Ríos, writer and painter (d. 1956)
1869 - Concha Espina, writer.
1885 - Alberto Álvarez de Cienfuegos Cobos, writer (d. 1957)
1907 - Carmen Conde, poet.
1908 - Jesús Rubio García-Mina, politician (d. 1976)
1922 - Sabino Barinaga, footballer and manager (d. 1988)
1930 - José María Zárraga, footballer (d. 2012)
1947 - Juan Carlos Eguillor Uribarri, cartoonist, painter and draftsman (d. 2011)
1959 - Jesús López-Medel, judge and politician.
1970 - Iván Ferreiro, musician.
1971 - María Patiño, journalist.
1989 - Belinda ( Belinda Perefrín Schüll)  Spanish-Mexican singer-songwriter and actress born in Madrid

1063 - Ibn Hazm, philosopher, theologian and poet hispanoárabe.
1064 - Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalucía historian, jurista and author of Islamic Spain, dies aged 69
1315 - Margaret of Burgundy, Queen consort of Navarra and France (b. 1290)
1884 - José María Coppinger soldier who served in the infantry of the Royal Spanish Army and governed East Florida (1816-1821) and several areas in Cuba including Pinar Del Río, Bayamo, the Cuatro Villas (the towns of Trinidad, Santo Espíritu, Villa Clara, San Juan de los Remedios) and Trinidad a various times between 1801 and 1834. He was also a member of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Ferdinand and San Hermenegildo  (b. 1733)
1921 - Tomás Morales Castellano, poet.
1963 - Alberto Rabadá, mountaineer (b. 1933)
1963 - Ernesto Navarro, mountaineer (b. 1934)
1966 - Benito Villamarín, industrialist, president of Real Betis football club.
1990 - Paulino Vicente, painter.
1991 - Herrerita, footballer (b. 1914)
2003 - Luis Fernandez Martin, a Jesuit priest and historian.
2006 - Cándido Álvarez, journalist.
2013 - Rosalía Mera, businesswoman, co-founded Inditex and Zara (b. 1944) She was the richest woman in Spain when she died and the world's richest self-made woman. In 1975 she co-founded www.zara.com retail chain with her then-husband Amancio Ortega Gaona. The company grew to become the world's largest fashion retailer