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August 20

Saints Days : Bernardo, Samuel and Lucio
World Mosquito Day (International)

1467 - The Second Battle of Olmedo takes places as part of a succession conflict between Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.

El Fary

1487 - The Christian troops enter Gibralfaro and the last Muslim governor of Malaga, Hamet the Zegri is arrested, excluded from the capitulation, mistreated and humiliated, ending up as a slave in Carmona (Sevilla).
1710 - War of the Spanish Succession: A multinational army led by the Austrian commander Guido Starhemberg defeats the Spanish-Bourbon army commanded by Alexandre Maître, Marquis de Bay in the Battle of Saragossa.
1775 - The Spanish establish the Presidio San Agustin del Tucson in the town that became Tucson, Arizona.
1988 - In Santander, he Campos de Sport de El Sardinero Football club is inaugurated.
1994 - 43.2ºC in Córdoba
1999 - 7th Athletics World Championship opens in Sevilla
2008 - Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid, Spain to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport. Of the 172 people on board, 146 die immediately and eight more later die of injuries sustained in the crash, Only 18 people survive.
2016 - 4 women's high jump competition tie at clearing winning height 1.97m at the Rio Olympics: all then fail at 2.00m. Ruth Beitia of Spain wins the gold based on having no misses prior to being raised to 2.00m

1757 - Diego Corrientes Mateos, brigand.
1821 - Robustiana Armiño, poet (d. 1890)
1847 - Agustín Lhardy Garrigues landscaper and cook from Madrid.
1879 - Salvador González Anaya, writer (d. 1955)
1915 - Koldo Mitxelena, linguist (d. 1987)
1935 - Francisco Valladares, actor (d. 2012)
1936 - Antonio María Rouco Varela, cardinal.
1937 - El Fary, Spanish singer and actor (d. 2007)
1943 - Ángel Galán, politician (d. 2011)
1955 - Juan García-Beamud Pérez, Illustrious lawyer from Cádiz.
1958 - Daniel Torres, cartoonist.
1966 - Miguel Albaladejo, director and screenwriter
1971 - Alexis Ravelo, writer.
1975 - José Tomás, bullfighter.
1978 - Alberto Martín, tennis player
1985 - Álvaro Negredo, footballer
1986 - Luis Alberto Marco, runner
1988 - José Zamora, footballer

1572 - Miguel López de Legazpi, also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder) was a navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East Indies when his expedition crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in modern-day Mexico, arriving in Cebu in the Philippine Islands in 1565. He was the first Governor-General of the Spanish East Indies, which was governed from and mainly located in the Philippines. It also encompassed other Pacific Islands namely Guam and the Mariana Islands. After obtaining peace with various indigenous nations and kingdoms, he made Cebu City the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1585 and later transferred to Manila in 1571. The capital city of the province of Albay bears his name (b. 1502)
1611 - Tomás Luis de Victoria,  priest and composer (b. 1548)
1773 - Enrique Flórez, historian and author (b. 1701)
1962 - Heraclio Alfaro Fournier, engineer and aviator (b. 1893)
1975 - José L. Lasplazas, journalist and sportsman (b. 1897)
1987 - José María Bueno Monreal, priest (b. 1904)
1987 - Fernando Oria de Rueda y Fontán, engineer and politician.