Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

August 26

Saints Days : Ceferino, Segundo, Vitoriano and Alejandro

1272 - Montpellier, Jaime I of Aragon, will ratify in donations to his children Pedro and Jaime: the barony of Ayerbe for first, and the Exerica for the second.
1542 - the expedition of Spanish conquistador Francisco de Orellana reaches the mouth of the Amazon River.
1549 - In Chile, by orders of the Spanish governor Pedro de Valdivia, Captain Francisco de Aguirre recasts the city of La Serena.

Amaia Montero

1702 - A English/Dutch expeditionary force disembarks in Rota, Cádiz and raids several villages of the province.
1767 - Jesuits all over Chile are arrested as the Spanish Empire suppresses the Society of Jesus
1936 - Spanish Civil War, Santander falls to the nationalists and the republican interprovincial council is dissolved  
1937 - within the framework of the Spanish Civil War, the city of Santander surrenders to Franco's troops.
1983 - Severe flooding in the Basque Country, dozens perish
2016 - The Bank of Spain has highlighted the ‘notable strength’ of the economy until June, despite the presence of some ‘sources of uncertainty’. However this timeframe is pre Brexit and therefore ‘it is premature for anyone to evaluate the effects after Brexit takes place’. Spain is surviving on national internal demand, with higher consumer spending.

1562 - Bartolomé Leonardo de Argensola, poet and historian baptised at Barbastro. He studied at Huesca, took orders, and was presented to the rectory of Villahermosa in 1588. He was attached to the suite of the court de Lemos, viceroy of Naples in 1610, and succeeded his brother Lupercio as historiographer of Aragón in 1613 (d. 1631)
1727 - Luis de Mission, flutist (d. 1766)
1751 - Manuel Abad y Queipo was born out of wedlock to an Asturian nobleman on 26 August 1751 in Santa Maria de Vilipender. He obtained his baccalaureate in law and canon law from the University of Salamanca. Thereafter he went to Guatemala with Bishop Monroy. In Guatemala he was ordained a priest. Beginning in 1784 he resided in Valladolid, where Bishop Antonio San Miguel made him a judge in a canon law court. In that position he gained considerable knowledge about church wealth in terms of capital and credit. In 1805 he obtained a doctorate in canon law from the University of Guadalajara. In 1810 he was nominated as Bishop-elect of Michoacan, but was never confirmed in the post. On the death of Bishop San Miguel, the Council of the Indies named him canon of the cathedral of Valladolid, a position which he held until 1815.

In 1807, he travelled to Spain to seek his habitation, since his status as a child born out of wedlock prohibited his promotion to the higher levels of the ecclesiastical hierarchy. He returned to New Spain in the position of vicar general. In 1810, the Regency (the Spanish government fighting the French invasion) named him bishop-elect of Michoacán. He took over the diocese before the arrival of the pontifical bull confirming his position. The pope did not approve his nomination, and thus the bull never arrived

Although born in Spain, Abad y Queipo felt at home in New Spain, saying he was "an American by voluntary adoption". He had strong views about New Spain and its place within the Spanish empire, saying that the crown gave Mexico's indigenous equal rights with the conquering Spaniards and that Spain despite its decline had "made the American possessions flourish until they were the envy of Europeans". He considered the decline of Spain could be attributed to emigration to the overseas territories. He critiqued economic inequality in New Spain, "in America there is no graduation or middle ground: everyone is either rich or poverty stricken, noble or infamous" leading to conflict.
 (d. 1825)

1837 - Manuel Cassola, soldier (d. 1890)
1844 - José Villegas Cordero, painter (d. 1921)
1860 - Luis Siret, archaeologist (d. 1934)
1890 - Alvaro Retana, writer, illustrator and composer (d. 1970)
1921 - Joaquín Luis Romero Marchent, film maker (d. 2012)
1945 - Javier Tusell, historian (d. 2005)
1948 - Ángel Guinda, poet.
1958 - Juan Señor, footballer.
1962 - Vicky Larraz, singer.
1964 - Silvia Espigado, actress.
1969 - Jorge Sanz, actor.
1971 - Lizard González, basketball player.
1975 - Kiko Hernández, TV personality.
1976 - Amaia Montero, singer-songwriter (La Oreja de Van Gogh - Guapa) born in Irun
1979 - Rubén Arriaza Pazos, footballer
1983 - Félix Porteiro, race car driver born in Castellón

1785 - Ventura Rodríguez, architect (b. 1717)
1791 - José Iglesias de la Casa, poet (b. 1748)
1810 - Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires, French-Spanish sailor and politician, 10th Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (b. 1753)
1816 - Vicente Joaquín Osorio de Moscoso y Guzmán, aristocrat (b. 1756)
1884 - Antonio García Gutiérrez, writer of Zarzuelas (b. 1813)
1897 - Teresa de Jesús Jornet e Ibars, nun (b. 1843)
1902 - Hermógenes Pérez de Arce Lopetegui, politician and journalist (b. 1845)
1923 - Ricardo Codorníu y Stárico, engineer (b. 1846)
1951 - Adelardo Covarsí, painter (b. 1885)
1953 - Manuel Lorenzo Pardo, politician and photographer (b. 1881)
1955 - Gregorio Aráoz Alfaro, doctor (b. 1870)
1964 - Sixto Cámara Tecedor, mathematician (b. 1878)
1985 - Leopoldo Querol, pianist (b. 1899)
1990 - Vicente Flores Navarro, artist (b 1911)
1992 - Jose María Angelat, actor (b. 1921)
1994 - Jesus Otero, sculptor (b. 1923)
1995 - Josep Pi-Sunyer, Catalan politician (b. 1913)
2002 - Miguel Querol Gavalda, composer (b. 1912)
2006 - Liliana Durán. actress (b. 1935)
Raimon Panikkar - https://es.wikipedia.org/
2010 - Raimon Panikkar was born to a Spanish Roman Catholic mother and a Hindu Indian father in Barcelona. His mother was well-educated and from the Catalan bourgeoisie. His father, Ramunni Panikkar, belonged to a Malabar Nair family from South India. Panikkar's father was a freedom fighter during British colonial rule in India, who later escaped from Britain and married into a Catalan family. Panikkar's father studied in England and was the representative of a German chemical company in Barcelona.

Educated at a Jesuit school, Panikkar studied chemistry and philosophy at the universities of Barcelona, Bonn and Madrid, and Catholic theology in Madrid and Rome. He earned a doctorate in philosophy at the University of Madrid in 1946 and a doctorate in chemistry in 1958. He earned a third doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome in 1961, in which compared St. Thomas Aquinas's Philosophy with the 8th-century Hindu philosopher Ādi Śańkara's interpretation of the Brahma Sutras.

In 1946 he was ordained a Catholic priest and became a professor of philosophy at the University of Madrid.

He made his first trip to India in 1954 where he studied Indian philosophy and religion at the University of Mysore and Banaras Hindu University, where he met several Western monks seeking Eastern forms for the expression of their Christian beliefs. "I left Europe [for India] as a Christian, I discovered I was a Hindu and returned as a Buddhist without ever having ceased to be Christian", he later wrote.

While in Jerusalem during 1962, he was summoned to Rome by the Opus Dei founder and director, Jose maria Escrivá, who expelled him after a brief trial where he was charged with disobedience to the organization.

In 1966 he became a visiting professor at Harvard Divinity School and a professor of religious studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1972, and for many years he taught in the spring and spent the rest of the year doing research in India. Where the typical approach to cross-cultural religious studies, especially in a secular university, was to hold two or more traditions at arm's length and draw lines of comparison between them, Panikkar's approach was to view issues in the real world through the eyes of two or more traditions.

In 1987 he moved to Tavertet in Cataluña, in the hills north of Barcelona, where he founded the Raimon Panikkar Vivarium Foundation, a center for intercultural studies. In 2005 he created Arbor, for the realization of his principle of interreligious collaboration for the relief of poverty in thousands of villages of India. 

Panikkar authored more than 40 books and 900 articles. His complete works are being published in Italian. His 1989 Gifford Lectures were published in English by Orbis in 2009 under the title The Rhythm of Being.

In a statement from his residence in Tavertet dated January 26, 2010, he wrote: "Dear Friends ... I would like to communicate with you that I believe the moment has come (put off time and again), to withdraw from all public activity, both the direct and the intellectual participation, to which I have dedicated all my life as a way of sharing my reflections. I will continue to be close to you in a deeper way, through silence and prayer, and in the same way I would ask you to be close to me in this last period of my existence. You have often heard me say that a person is a knot in a network of relationships; in taking my leave from you I would like to thank you from the bottom of my heart for having enriched me with the relationship I have had with each of you. I am also grateful to all of those who, either in person or through association, continue working to spread my message and the sharing of my ideals, even without me. Thankful for the gift of life which is only such if lived in communion with others: it is with this spirit that I have lived out my ministry." (b. 1918)
2010 - Miguel Ángel Castanedo, businessman (b. 1948)