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August 27

Saints Days : Mónica, Rufo and Marcelino

1137 - Ramiro II promises by document signed in the castle of Ayerbe, it will not make any donations without permission of his son Ramon, Count of Barcelona.
1557- San Quintin surrenders to the troops of Felipe II of Spain

Lope de Vega - www.casamuseilopedevega.org

1793 - French Revolutionary Wars: The city of Toulon revolts against the French Republic and admits the British and Spanish fleets to seize its port, leading to the Siege of Toulon by French Revolutionary forces.
1858 - The second Visigoth treasure is found at Guarrazar, Toledo – the first one had been found by a local person two days before
1908 - Two bombs explode in Barcelona, known as the Semana Trágica
1924 - The telephone service on Spanish soil is adjudicated to the Compañía Telefónica de España.
1931 - legal obstacles for the Spanish military marry deleted.
1937 - Defense Board dissolves northern Spain, during the Spanish Civil War.1938 - Spanish Civil War: a new Supreme Court is created under President Felipe Clemente de Diego; of the twenty magistrates who composed the court thirteen had remained in their post.
1953 - New agreement signed between the Vatican and the Spanish Government
1975 - Madrid, the judicial seizure takes place of the weeklies Destiny, Possible and Change 16 by the application of the new anti-terrorism law.
1992 - King Juan Carlos and Prime Minister González sign the reform of article 13.2 of the Spanish constitution on the political participation of foreigners in what is the first modification of the Spanish Magna Carta.
1997 - A group of archaeologists discover some of the largest cave paintings in the world in Cantabria. They are estimated to be 20,000 years old

Alejandro Farnese - https://es.wikipedia.or
1545 - Alejandro Farnese, Duke of Parma, was an Italian noble and condottiero and later a general of the Spanish army, who was Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1586 to 1592, as well as Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592. Thanks to a steady influx of troops from Spain, during 1581-1587 Farnese captured more than thirty towns in the south (now Belgium) and returned them to the control of Catholic Spain. During the French Wars of Religion he relieved Paris for the Catholics. His talents as a field commander, strategist and organiser earned him the regard of his contemporaries and military historians as the first captain of his age (d. 1592) 
1611 - Tomás Luis de Victoria was the most famous Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He stands with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlande de Lassus as among the principal composers of the late Renaissance, and was 'admired above all for the intensity of some of his motets and of his Offices for the Dead and for Holy Week' Unlike his colleagues, however, his surviving oeuvre is almost exclusively sacred and polyphonic vocal music, set to Latin texts. As a Catholic priest, as well as an accomplished organist and singer, his career spanned both Spain and Italy. However, he preferred the life of a composer to that of a performer (d 1611)
1899 - Eduardo Torroja Miret, engineer (d. 1961)
1924 - Fernando Zóbel, painter (d. 1984)
1943 - Luis Rojas Marcos, psychiatrist.
1955 - Juanjo Puigcorbé, actor.
1972 - Patricia Vico, actress.
1974 - Carolina Ferre, television presenter.
1976 - Carlos Moyá, professional tennis player 1995-2010 (French Open, 1998; Davis Cup 2006) born in Palma
1981 - Maxwell Cabelino Andrade, footballer

1611 - Tomas Luis de Victoria, musician, composer and teacher of chapel music. (b 1548)
1635 - Felix Lope de Vega y Carpio, (Lope de Vega) playwright, poet, and novelist. He was one of the key figures in the Spanish Golden Age of Baroque literature. His reputation in the world of Spanish literature is second only to that of Miguel de Cervantes, while the sheer volume of his literary output is unequalled, making him one of the most prolific authors in the history of literature. He was nicknamed "The Phoenix of Wits" and "Monster of Nature" (in Spanish: Fénix de los IngeniosMonstruo de Naturaleza) by Cervantes because of his prolific nature.

Lope de Vega renewed the Spanish theatre at a time when it was starting to become a mass cultural phenomenon. He defined its key characteristics, and along with Pedro Calderón de la Barca and Tirso de Molina, took Spanish Baroque theatre to its greatest heights. Because of the insight, depth and ease of his plays, he is regarded as one of the greatest dramatists in Western literature, his plays still being produced worldwide. He was also considered one of the best lyric poets in the Spanish language and wrote several novels. Although not well known in the English-speaking world, his plays were presented in England as early as the 1660s, when diarist Samuel Pepys recorded having attended some adaptations and translations of them, although he omits to mention the author.

Some 3,000 sonnets, three novels, four novellas, nine epic poems, and about 500 plays are attributed to him. Although he has been criticised for putting quantity ahead of quality, nevertheless at least 80 of his plays are considered masterpieces. He was a friend of the writer Francisco de Quevedo and an arch-enemy of the dramatist Juan Ruiz de Alarcón. The volume of his lifework made him envied by not only contemporary authors such as Cervantes and Luis de Góngora, but also by many others: for instance, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe once wished he had been able to produce such a vast and colourful oeuvre (b 1562)

1658 - Barbara de Braganza, queen consort Spanish.
1664 - Francisco de Zurbarán, painter and educator known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns and martyrs and for his still-lives, Zurburán gained the nickname 'Spanish Caravaggio' owing to the forceful use of chiaroscuro in which he excelled. He was the father of the painter Juan de Zurbarán   (b. 1598)
1962 - Leopoldo Panero, poet (b. 1909)
1759 - Barbara of Portugal (María Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa) Queen of Spain (b. 1713)
1976 - Ángel Garasa, Mexican actor of Spanish origin.
2006 - Antón Cañellas, politician (b. 1923)
2007 - Emma Penella, actress (b. 1930)
2009 - Joaquin Ruiz-Giménez Cortés, professor, politician and lawyer (b. 1913)
2010 - Amador Schüller, doctor and university professor (b. 1921)
2011 - Heribert Barrera, Catalan politician (b. 1917)
2012 - Aurora Bautista, actress (b. 1925)
2014 - Peret, singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1935)