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August 3

Saints Days: Eufronio, Lídia and Gustavo.

Colomina fiestas in Huelva
1342 - The Siege of Algeciras commences during the Spanish Reconquista.
1492 - Christopher Columbus set sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de La Frontera, Huelva for the 'Indies'
1492 - The day that the Catholic Kings order the Jews to be expelled from Spain in the Alhambra Decree.

Nino Bravo - Photo www.radioimagina.cl

1704 - Naval bombardment of Gibraltar by the forces of Admiral George Rooke. It lasts five hours during which time 900 cannon are fired 3,600 times.
1713 - In Madrid first working session of the Royal Spanish Academy in the home of its founder, Juan Manuel Fernández Pacheco takes place.
1808 - Zaragoza, in the framework of the War of Independence-the French invaders started the first siege of Zaragoza.
1864 - The Order of Military Merit is created in Spain.
1901 - Barcelona, very strong anarchist currents in Catalonia, the Levant and southern Spain-founded the union Solidaridad Obrera.
1907 - Car registration number 1 goes to a car in Barcelona – make Hispano-Suiza
1927 - Spaniard Luis Rayo fighter wins by points Vinez French and is proclaimed European champion .
1935 - Famous bandit, Benito Vázquez, is arrested in the Sierra de Ronda, Málaga.
1964 - Vall de Uxó (Castellón), the underground river of the grotto of San Jose is extended navigatable to reach 750 meters inland.
1966 - The novel Around a day of April, by Isaac Montero, becomes the first work prohibited from the entry into force of the Press Law of the Franco dictatorship.
1973 - Last Seat 600 comes off the production line.
1974 - The José Rico Pérez stadium opens in Alicante for Hercules football club.
1990 - The Centre for Sociological investigation says that 900,000 Spaniards have tried cocaine and that 75,000 say they are addicts.
1992 - In France, police arrested Faustino Txapu Estanislao Villanueva, a member of the Spanish terrorist group ETA.
1996 - 5-time Tour de France winner Miguel Induráin wins the 52.2k road time trial in 1:04:05, 12 seconds ahead of countryman Abraham Olano at the Atlanta Olympics
1998 - UPCT (Polytechnic University of Cartagena), formed by schools mainly technological and business nature is founded.
2020 - Spain's former King Juan Carlos announces he will go into exile abroad amid his implication in a corruption inquiry
2022 - The worrying trend of 'needle spiking' against women in nightclubs and bars has reached Spain with reports from the Basque country, Cataluña, Andalucía and Cantabria 

1823 - Francisco Asenjo Barbieri,  zarzuela opera composer (El Diablo en El Poder) born in Madrid (d. 1894)
1875 - Mariano Miguel de Val, writer (d. 1912)
1886 - Fernando Suárez de Tangil, politician and noble (d. 1964)
1905 - Lauaxeta, Basque poet and journalist (d. 1937)
1905 - Manuel Báez "El Litri", bullfighter (d. 1926)
1909 - José María de Areilza y Martínez de Rodas, politician and diplomat (d. 1998)
1913 - Bartomeu Rosselló-Pòrcel, poet and Spanish /Catalan translator (d. 1938)
1918 - Maria Aurelia Capmany, novelist, playwright and essayist (d. 1991)
1932 - Fosforito, flamenco singer songwriter.
1937 - Lluís Coll, footballer (d. 2008)
1937 - Andrés Gimeno, tennis player. (French Open 1972) born in Barcelona (d. 2019)
1944 - Nino Bravo, singer (d. 1973)
1944 - Manuel Toharia, research scientist.
1946 - Diana Sorel, actress.
1952 - Loles León, actress.
1958 - Juan Antonio Corbalán, basketball player.
1962 - Javier Gómez Bermúdez, magistrate.
1964 - Iñaki Antón, heavy metal guitarist (Extremoduro).
1965 - Jordi Sans Juan, waterpolo player.
1972 - Adrià Collado, actor.
1977 - Joel Varela, singer songwriter.
1977 - Óscar Pereiro, cyclist (Tour de France 2006 winner) born in Mos, Galicia
1978 - Juan Carlos Higuero, athlete.
1980 - José Izquierdo Martínez, footballer.
1981 - Rubén Gracia Calmache, footballer.
1981 - Pablo Ibáñez, footballer.

1179 - Sancha, wife of King Sancho VI of Navarra.
1604 - Bernardino de Mendoza, born as the son of Don Alonso Suarez de Mendoza, third Count of Coruña and Viscount of Torija, and Doña Juana Jimenez de Cisneros. in 1560, he joined the army of Philip II and for more than 15 years fought in the Low Countries under the command of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba., In 1578 Philip II sent Mendoza as his ambassador to London. There, he acted not only as diplomat but also as a spy, using a variety of secret codes in the reports that he returned to Spain. He was expelled from England in 1584, after his involvement in Francis Throckmorton's plot against Elizabeth 1 was revealed. Crucial to that plot was his correspondence with Philip II, using a code known only to himself and the king that they had learnt years earlier. For the next six years Bernardino de Mendoza served as Spanish ambassador to the King of France. As the effective agent of Philip's interventionist foreign policy, Mendoza acted in concert with the Catholic League for which he acted as paymaster by funnelling to the Guise faction Habsburg funds; he encouraged it to try, by popular riots, assassinations and military campaigns, to undercut any moderate Catholic party that offered a policy of rapprochement with the Huguenots. The militant Mendoza and his master considered them as nothing more than heretics who needed to be crushed and rooted out like an infection. His role in backing the extremist Catholic House of Guise became so public that King Henry III demanded his recall (b. 1540)
1772 - Andrés Piquer, doctor and philosopher (b. 1711)
1850 - Manuel Jose Anguita Téllez, Prelate and apologist (b. 1777)
1944 - Francisco Gómez-Jordana Sousa, solider and politician (b. 1876)
1961 - Francisco Guerra Navarro, writer and journalist (b. 1909)
1974 - Joaquim Amat-Piniella, writer (b. 1913)
1978 - Catalina Bárcena, actress (b. 1888)
1995 - Eduardo Ruiz de Velasco, journalist (b. 1919)
2004 - Antonio Amorós, athlete (b. 1927)
2004 - Mercedes de Jesús Egido, nun (b. 1935)
2005 - Luis Barbero, actor (b. 1916)
2009 - Julián Lago, TV presenter (b. 1947)
2017 - Ángel Nieto, thirteen times world champion, from Zamora died in Ibiza after suffering a sudden worsening in his condition. Nieto, 70 years old, had been eight days in a coma victim of a traffic accident