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August 6

Saints Days : Justo and Pastor, La Transfiguración del Señor

939 - Battle at Simancas - beats Moors
953 - in the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña, Muslims martyrize its 200 monks (who will be canonized in 1603).
1479 - The Bread and Cheese fiesta, one of the oldest pilgrimages in Spain is founded in Quel, La Rioja. It has been held annually ever since.
Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada - https://curiosfera-historia.com/
1538 - Bogota, Colombia is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada a Spanish explorer and conquistador in northern South America, territories currently known as Colombia. He explored the territory named by him New Kingdom of Granada, and founded its capital Santafé de Bogotá. As a well-educated lawyer he was one of the intellectuals of the Spanish conquest. He was an effective organiser and leader, designed the first legislation for the government of the area, and was its historian. He was governor of Cartagena between 1556 and 1557, and after 1569 he undertook explorations toward the east, searching for the elusive El Dorado The campaign didn't succeed and Jiménez then returned to New Granada in 1573. He has been suggested as a possible model for Cervantes' Don Quixote 
1811 - The Cortes of Cadiz decreed the abolition of all feudal courts.
1825 - Bolivia gains independence from Spain.

1756 - Salvador Fidalgo, sailer (d. 1803)
1817 - Salvador Bermúdez de Castro, poet and historian (d. 1883)
1903 - Juan de Ajuriaguerra, basque politician (d. 1978)
1927 - Pepín Martín Vázquez, bullfighter (d. 2011)
1933 - Ricardo Zamora de Grassa, goalkeeper (d. 2003)
1934 - Landelino Lavilla, politician
1935 - Octavio Getino, Spanish-Argentinian director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
1938 - Bernardino Lombao, handballer (Atlético de Madrid 1967-69) coach (Nat basketball teams) and TV presenter (De Olimpia a Los Ángeles, Objetivo 92) born in Ribas de Sil (d. 2020)
1942 - Francesc Pi de la Serra, Spanish singer in the Catalan language
1964 - Miguel Fuentes Azpiroz, football player and manager.
1969 - Alejandro Maclean, acrobatic pilot (d. 2010)

1162 - Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona sometimes called the Saint and who brought about the union of the County of Barcelona with the Kingdom of Aragón to form the Crown of Aragón (b. 1113)
1221 - Saint Dominic, also known as Dominic de Guzmán, was a Castilian Catholic priest, founded the Dominican Order and patron saint of astronomers Dominic was born in Caleruega, halfway between Osma and Aranda de Duero ,He was named after Saint Dominic of Silos. The Benedictine abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos lies a few kilometres north of Caleruega  In the earliest narrative source, by Jordan of Saxony, Dominic's parents are not named. The story is told that before his birth his barren mother made a pilgrimage to the Abbey at Silos, and dreamt that a dog leapt from her womb carrying a flaming torch in its mouth, and seemed to set the earth on fire. This story is likely to have emerged when his order became known, after his name,as the Dominican order. Dominicanus in Latin and a play on words interpreted as Domini canis 'Dog of the Lord' Jordan adds that Dominic was brought up by his parents and a maternal uncle who was an archbishop  (b. 1170)
Diego Velázquez - self portrait www.en.wikipedia.org

1660 - Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez, painter, the leading artist in the court of King Felipé IV of Spain and Portugal and of the Spanish Golden Age. He was an individualistic artist of the Baroque period (c 1600-1750). He began to paint in a precise tenebrist style, later developing a freer manner characterised by bold brushwork. In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family and commoners, culminating in his masterpiece Las Meninas (1656)
Veláquez's artwork became a model for 19th-century realist and impressionist painters. In the 20th century, artists such as Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí and Francis Bacon paid tribute to Velázquez by re-interpreting some of his most iconic images (b.1599)
1864 - Mariano Valimaña y Abella, composer and writer (b. 1784)
1886 - Antonio del Rey y Caballero, solider and politician (b. 1814)
1939 - Jose Cabrera Diaz, journalist, essayist and lecturer based in Cuba (b. 1875)
1960 - Antonio Beltrán Casaña, politician and soldier (b. 1897)
1975 - Alfonso de Orleans, aristocrat and military aviator (b. 1886)
1982 - Francisco Íñiguez, architect (b. 1901)
1996 - Emilio Rodríguez Zapico, Formula One driver (n. 1944)