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December 12

Saint’s Day for Amonaria, Crescencio and Justino.

0914 - Ordoño II of León is acclaimed sovereign by leading magnates, bishops, abbots and counts of Spain, at a general meeting, 12 bishops anointed and crowned.
1584 - Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra married Catalina de Salazar, 18 years his junior.

Part of the marriage document - www.laaventuradelahistoria.es

1666 - Leopold I Holy Roman Emperor (26) marries his niece and cousin Margaret Theresa of Spain (15) the celebrations last almost two years
1794 - In Mexico, the Dominican friar Servando Teresa de Mier pronounces a sermon in which he affirms that for many centuries the Aztecs had worshiped images of the Virgin of Guadalupe together with Quetzalcoatl. Considered heretic, he is arrested and sentenced to ten years of exile in Spain.
1804 - Spain declares war on England by the treaties of San Ildefonso and Aranjuez with France.
1834 - General Luis Fernández de Córdova defeats the Carlist General Tomás de Zumalacárregui in the Battle of Mendaza, Navarra, in the First Carlist War.
1840 - Valencia, the queen Maria Cristina renounces her regency.
1903 - Congress approves the bill that establishes Sunday rest.
1904 - Nobel Prizes: The playwright José de Echegaray obtains the first Nobel prize of Literature granted to a Spaniard.
1914 - It is published in Madrid, the first edition of Platero y yo (Andalusian Elegy), by the poet Juan Ramón Jiménez was the third most translated text into different languages after the Bible and Don Quixote.
1924 - The autogiro of Juan de la Cierva performs its first tests, in a flight from Four Winds to Getafe.
1930 - The Uprising of Jaca happens.
1975 - Carlos Arias Navarro is named president of the Government.

1526 - Álvaro de Bazán y Guzmán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz was an admiral and landlord. He took part in the seizure of the rock of Vélez de la Gomera (1564), the relief to the besieged during the Great Siege of Malta (1565), the quelling of the Alpujarras Rebellion (1569), the Battle of Lepanto (1571), the conquest of Tunis (1573), the incorporation of Portugal to the Hispanic monarchy (1580) and the conquest of Terceira (1582), born in Granada (d. 9 February 1588 in Lisbon, Portugal)
1814 - Juan Prim, 1st Marquis of los Castillejos, general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1870)
1820 - Carolina Coronado, poet (d. 1911)
1821 - Gimenez Jose Serrano, professor, journalist and writer. (d. 1859)
1823 - Victoria Carolina Coronado y Romero de Tejada was a writer famous for her poetry, considered the equivalent of contemporary Romantic authors like Rosalía de Castro  (d 1911)
1859 - Sinesio Delgado, journalist (d. 1928 in Madrid)
1862 - Pedro de Alcántara de Borbon y Borbon, first Duke of Dúrcal. (d. 1892)
1886 - Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, Infante of Spain, Duke of Galliera, prince, military aviator and first cousin of Alfonso XIII, born in Madrid (d. August 6, 1975 Sanlúcar de Barrameda)
1897 - Magdalena Aulina, nun (d. 1956).
1902 - Antonio José Martínez Palacios, professionally known as Antonio José was a composer. Maurice Ravel apparently said of Antonio José 'He will become the Spanish  composer of our century', however, his music lay forgotten until the 1980s, born in Burgos (d.  1936 Estepar) 
1906 - Luis Alfonso de Baviera y Borbón, Infanta of Spain, cousin of Juan de Borbón y Battenberg and second uncle of King Juan Carlos I of Spain. Infants born son of Ferdinand of Bavaria and Spain Bourbon and Maria Teresa of Bourbon and Habsburg-Lorraine.(d. 1983)
1908 - Luis Escobar, actor and director (d. 1991)
1911 - Infanta María Cristina, Countess Marone was the fifth child and younger daughter of Alfonso XII and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg and paternal aunt of King Juan Carlos 1 born in Madrid (d.  December 23, 1996, Madrid)
1934 - Ramón Marsal Ribó footballer, who played three seasons in the dominating Real Madrid team in the 1950s. His career came to an early end due to an injury (d. January 22, 2007 Madrid)
1940 - José G. Moreno de Alba, linguist.
1942 - Migueli, footballer (d. 2002)
1948 - Francisco Michavila, university rector.
1955 - Azuzena Martín-Dorado Calvo, singer.
1960 - Manuel Bandera, actor.
1960 - Lydia Lozano, journalist
1965 - José Corbacho, actor.
1966 - Lydia Zimmermann, filmmaker
1977 - Diana Palazón, Spanish actress.
1981 - Pedro Ríos, footballer born in Jerez de la Frontera

1603 - Alejandro de Aguiar, musician, poet and singer camera in the court of Philip II of Spain.
1942 - Amparo Lopez Jean, Galician suffragette (b. 1885)
1983 - Alfonso Grosso Sánchez, painter (b. 1893)
1983 - José María Legaza, composer. (b. 1898)
1989 - Carlos Barral, editor and poet, one of the group of authors and intellectuals known as the Generation of 1950, also a Senator and European MP, died at the age of 61
1990 - Concha Piquer, singer and actress. (b. 1908)
1995 - Angel Crespo, writer, translator and teacher. (b. 1926)
2005 - Jon Cortina, Jesuit priest and engineer (b. 1934)
2007 - Josep Guinovart, artist, one of the most important postwar. (b. 1927 Barcelona)
2010 - Fernando Urdiales, theater director, playwright and physician (b. 1951)
2015 – Luis Bermejo, ilustrator (b. 1931)