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December 23

Saint’s Day for Juan de Kety, Victoria, Saturnino, Evaristo and Gelasio

1292 - In Palencia, the Hospital de la Herrada grants to the village Quintanilla de Onsoña the Charter.
1524 - The ruler of Valencia, Dona Germana de Foix, grant a pardon to prayers.
1569 - The mayor Juan Rodríguez de Villafuerte Maldonado left Granada with 9,000 infants to combat with the Moriscos rebelled, heading towards Güéjar Sierra.
1598 - In the Kingdom of Chile, the governor Martín García dies when being ambushed by forces mapuches directed by Pelantaro (the Spaniards would call to this event the Disaster of Curalaba).
1715 - A meeting between the Queen of Spain, Isabella Farnese, and princess Ursinos held in Jadraque (Guadalajara).

Carlos IV - https://dbe.rah.es/

1788 - Carlos IV is proclaimed King of Spain. (Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafim Diego) The Spain inherited by Carlos IV gave few indications of instability, but during his reign, Spain entered a series of disadvantageous alliances and his regime constantly sought cash to deal with the exigencies of war. He detested his son and heir Ferdinand, who led the unsuccessful El Escorial Conspiracy and later forced Charles's abdication after the Tumult of Aranjuez in March 1808, along with the ouster of his widely hated first minister Manuel de Godoy. Summoned to Bayonne by Napoleon Bonaparte, who forced Ferdinand VII to abdicate. Carlos IV also abdicated, paving the way for Napoleon to place his older brother Joseph Bonaparte on the throne of Spain. The reign of Carlos IV turned out to be a major turning point in Spanish history 
1808 - José Bonaparte was restored to the throne of Spain by the French army.
1889 - The Columbus House is created in Huelva as the Huelva Recreation Club (now Real Club Recreativo de Huelva, dean of Spanish soccer club).
1906 - Praise for the Spanish King Alfonso XIII for resolving the border dispute between Honduras and Nicaragua.
1907 - Two bombs explode in different parts of Barcelona, injuring four people.
1910 - The Government of Canalejas approved the "padlock law", which prevents the establishment in Spain of new religious orders without the express authorization of the Council of Ministers.
1925 - Ramon Menendez Pidal was elected director of the Royal Spanish Academy.
1932 - Promulgated in Spain the law of income tax.
1936 - Spanish Civil War: The Spanish Republic legalises the Regional Defence Council of Aragón
1938 - Spanish Civil War: national troops entered Cataluña after breaking the Republican lines at various points.
1944 - Rodolfo Llopis is elected general secretary of PSOE in a congress held in Africa
1953 - In Madrid, Pedro Laín Entralgo is named academic of the Spanish Royal Academy.
1955 - Jose Felix Lequerica is appointed representative of Spain in the UN.
1968 - Spanish is declared the language of work in the UN Security Council.
1974 - 5,000 workers Cadiz Astilleros Españoles are suspended without pay.
1978 - Spain abolished the death penalty for the military in peacetime.
1985 - ETA killed John Atarés in Pamplona, General of the Civil Guard.

1637 - Rodrigo Arias Maldonado, missionary. (d. 1716)
1644 - Tomás de Torrejón y Velasco, organist and composer born in Villarrobledo. (d. 1728)
1807 - Antonio María Claret, Catholic bishop (d. 1870)
1815 - Ildefons Cerda, Barcelona town planner and political engineer. (d. 1876)
1820 - Rafael Balanzat y Baranda, writer, military man and Knight Laureate (d. 1854)
1842 - Frascuelo (Salvador Sánchez Povedano), bullfighter (d. 1898)
1848 - Julio Somoza de Montsoriú y García Sala, historian. (d. 1940)
1884 - Victoria Argota, Spanish-Mexican film actress (d. 1959)
1886 - Salvador Segui, Catalan anarchist born in Lieida, known for eating sugar cubes in his coffee (Assassinated 1923)
1872 - Santiago Alba Bonifaz, politician (d. 1949)
1881 - Juan Ramón Jiménez, poet, Prize Nobel for Literature in 1956 (d. 1958)
1898 - Rafael Rivelles, actor (d. 1971)

HRH Doña María de las Mercedes, Countess of Barcelona - Photo www.fdmariadelasmerced

1910 - Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Countess of Barcelona a noblewoman who married Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona, the claimant to the Spanish throne. She was the daughter of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and Princess Louise of Orleans (d. Jan 2, 2000 Lanzarote) 
1911 - Maria Amelia López Soliño, Galician blogger. (d. 2009)
1923 - José Serra Gil, cyclist, he rode in the 1949 Tour de France (d. 2002)
1926 - Joseíto (José Iglesias Fernández), football player/manager (d. 2007)
1926 - Cristóbal Delgado Gómez, historian, musician and author. He was considered the leading expert on Algeciras, having written many book about the city and being employed as the city's official historian (d. 2006)
1931 - Dalmacio Negro Pavón, member of the Spanish Royal Academy of Mora and Social Sciences
1934 - Luis Gómez-Acebo, aristocrat (d. 1991)
1940 - Francisco José Ynduráin, physicist (d. 2008) 
1941 - Carlos Cruz de Castro, composer.
1950 - Vicente del Bosque, footballer and manager
1953 - Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia, born in Madrid
1956 - Jesús Huerta de Soto, economist, university teacher
1959 - Pere Navarro, Catalan politician 
1969 - Secun de la Rosa, actor.
1975 - Roger Olmos, artist
1978 - Javier Bermejo, high jumper
1981 - Beth, (Elisabeth Rodergas Cols) singer and actress
1982 - Beatriz Luengo, ballerina and singer
1986 - Jano, footballer
1988 - Georgina Latre, actress.
1992 - Fran Guerra, basketball player

1230 - Berengaria of Navarre (b. 1165)
1598 - Martín García Óñez de Loyola was a Basque soldier and Royal Governor of the Captaincy General of Chile. Very likely Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus, was his uncle. Is killed in the Battle of Curalaba when Spanish troops are defeated by the Mapuche Indians. (b. 1549)
1814 - Mary of Consolation Azlor, heroin. (b. 1775)
1956 - Josep Puig i Cadafalch, architect (b. 1867)
1962 - José Giral, político español (b. 1879)
1962 - Modesto López Otero, architect (b. Feb 24 1885 Valladolid)
1962 - José Giral y Pereira, politician. (b. 1879)
1974 - Florentino Pérez-Embid, historian (b. 1918)
1985 - Juan Atarés Peña, retired Civil Guard General, is shot dead by ETA terrorists as he was walking through a park in Pamplona. (b, 1960)
1988 - Consuelo Berges, writer (b. 1899)
1991 - José Guerrero, painter (b. 1914)
1994 - Enrique Segura Iglesias, painter (b. 1906)
1995 - Joan Sardà i Dexeus, economist (b. 1910)
2009 - Carlos López García-Picos, composer (b. 1922)
2013 - José Ortiz, illustrator (b. 1932)