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December 24

Saint’s Day for Delfín, Gregorio, Luciano, Metrobio, Társila and Irmina.

1500 - A joint Venetian–Spanish fleet captures the Castle of St. George on the island of Cephalonia.
1521 - A fire in Oviedo, the capital of Asturias, destroys three quarters of the city.
1536 - The Spanish conqueror Sebastian de Belalcázar founds the city of Popayan in the present territory of Colombia.
1591 - Felipe II publishes a general pardon for the rioters and respects the essence of the Aragonese charters.
1680 - Morocco and the Netherlands sign a treaty of alliance to promote Moroccan piracy in the Mediterranean against Spain.

San Ignacio de Loyola - picture www.infovaticana.com
1715 - Felipe V ratifies in Guadalajara his marriage to Elizabeth Farnese.
1734 - Another fire, this time in Madrid, razes the royal residence, the Real Alcázar, to the ground after burning for four days. The Spanish royal family’s current official residence, the Palacio Real, now stands in its place.
1752 - Public street lighting is experienced for the first time in Spain with oil lamps.
1836 - Liberal forces commanded by Espartero defeated the Carlists in Luchana (Bilbao).
1905 - Cardinal Casañas suffers an attack inside Barcelona Cathedral from which he escaped unharmed.
1920 - As a result of the elections held on 19 conservatives gain the victory.
1950 - Spain and the United States renew diplomatic relations
2003 - The Spanish police thwart an attempt by ETA to detonate 50 kg of explosives at 3:55 p.m. inside Madrid's busy Chamartín Station.
2017 - The King called for abandoning exclusion and a government for all the Catalans’ – Call on the new Parliament to respect plurality ‘any citizen can defend their own ideas, but not impose the same against the rights of everyone else’ – ‘infighting only generates economic, civic and moral poverty’ –‘I remember the victims of the attack in Barcelona and reclaim ‘unity and firmness from the State to defeat terrorism and the jihadists’ – for the first time, the Monarch highlighted domestic violence . What will Carles do? His mother is clear ‘he returns to imprisonment’

San Ignatius of Loyola - https://www.franciscanmedia.org/
1491 - Ignatius of Loyola S. J. venerated as Saint Ignatius of Loyola, was a Catholic priest and theologian, who, with Peter Faber and Francis Xavier, founded the religious order of the Society of Jesus, and became its first Superior General  in Paris in 1541 (d. Jul 31, 1556 Rome)
1517 - Juan Alfonso de Polanco, Clergy and secretary to the Superior General of the Society of the Jesuits (d. 1576)
1634 - Mariana of Austria, Queen consort and niece of King Felipe IV of Spain, and regent to her son Carlos II born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1696).
1639 - Tomás de la Cerda, 3rd Marquess of la Laguna, noble and politician (d. 1692)
1729 - Manuel Abad y Lasierra, writer, Catholic priest (d.1806)
1796 - Fernán Caballero was the pseudonym of novelist Cecilia Francisca Josefa Böhl de Faber y Ruiz de Larrea. She was the daughter of German writer Johann Nikolaus Böhl von Faber and Spanish writer Frasquita Larrea. Her pen name was adopted from that of a village in the province of Ciudad Real (d. Apr 7, 1877 Sevilla)
1829 - José Rogel, composer born in Orihuela (d. 1901)
1836 - Joaquín Agrasot, painter born in Orihuela (d. 1919)
1858 - Eliseo Meifrén y Roig,  Catalan painter. (d. 1940)
1861 - Antonio Rodriguez Martinez, musician and composer known as "Uncle of Chalk", author of the tango "Los duros antiguos". (d. 1912)
1863 - Enrique Fernández Arbós, musician. (d. 1939)
1887 - Lucrezia Bori, opera singer (d.1960)
1891 - Juan Ramón Jiménez, poet, Distant Gardens Nobel Prize for Literature in 1956. born in Moguer (d. 1958)
1884 - Juan María Coca Saavedra, priest.
1909 - Vicente Barrera y Cambra, matador.
1912 - Ramón Carnicer Blanco, writer. (d. 2007)
1930 - Arsenio Iglesias, football trainer.
1936 - María Cuadra, actress.
1940 - Guillermo Jiménez Sánchez, jurist.
1944 - John Wheat, industrial engineer and astrologer, president of the SEA (Spanish Society of Astrology).
1946 - Jesús del Pozo, fashion designer.
1947 - Miguel Ángel González Suárez, footballer.
1948 - Moncho Borrajo, actor and comic.
1949 - Beatriz Carvajal, Actress in Madrid.
1955 - Luis Auserón, musician (Radio Futura).
1958 - Jafri Topera, actor.

1541 - Damian Forment, sculptor. (b. 1480)

1553 - Pedro Gutíérrez de Valdivia was a conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army in Italy and Flanders, he was sent to South America in 1534, where he served as lieutenant under Francisco Pizarro in Peru, acting as his second in command (b. 1497)
1821 - Valentín de Foronda, economist and writer (b. 1751)
1957 - Arturo Barea, writer (b. 1897)
1963 - Mariano Arrate, footballer (b. 1892)
2002 - José Luis Molinuevo, footballer (b. 1917)