Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

December 25

Feast of the Nativity to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ.

1322 - King Jaime II, widower, marries Elisenda de Moncada.
1492 - the Santa María, Christopher Columbus’s flagship on his first expedition to the Americas, runs aground on a reef on La Hispaniola, the island which is today Haiti and the Dominican Republic. He ordered the ship to be dismantled and a fort built with its timbers. It was named Fuerte Navidad (Christmas Fort), the first Spanish settlement in the Americas.

The Birth of Day' by Joan Miró - www.wikipics.com

1553 - Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeat the Spanish conquistadors and executes the governor of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia
1780 - The Sultan of Morocco ratifies the treaty of friendship with Carlos III of Spain, signed by Count of Floridablanca and the Moroccan ambassador Sidi Mohammed ben Otman, forcing English ships to abandon the coast of Tetuan and the port of Tangier.
1833 - First Carlist War: Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain, Carlos María Isidro de Borbón, is crowned king in Loyola, with the name of Carlos VII.
1833 - First Carlist War: Espartero got rid of the strong leader Magranell starting in Valencia, who dominated the lands of Onteniente and Játiva.
1884 - An earthquake at 21.08 with the epicentre situated between the provinces of Málaga and Granada, of an estimated magnitude of 7 (Richter) and 10 (MSK scale) caused more than 1,2000 deaths and around 1,500 injured in the populations of Arenas del Rey (Granada) and the municipalities of Llano de Zafarraya (Granada). The effects of the earthquake were more damaging by a heavy snowfall 
1972 - In Barcelona a natural gas explosion destroys a building of three floors.

1594 - Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain, (d. 1611)
1637 - Rodrigo Arias Maldonado y Góngora, missionary (d. 1716)
1825 - Manuel Rodríguez de Berlanga y Rosado, historian. (d. June 9, 1909)
Manuel Benedito Vives - https://es.wikipedia.org/
1875 - Manuel Benedito Vives was a painter, born in Valencia. His father was a taxidermist, and his brother was a musician. At age 13 he was enrolled in the San Carlos School of Fine Arts, from which he graduated six years later (d. Jun 20, 1963 Madrid)
1894 - Manuel Matallana, military personnel in Madrid (d. 1956) 
1900 - Manuel Falcon and Villalón-Daoíz, writer, journalist and academic, Marquess of Villar de Tajo and maestrante gentleman of Sevilla.
1902 - Manuel Halcón, writer and journalist. (d. 1989)
1911 - Félix Martí Ibáñez  was a physician, psychiatrist, author, and publisher, who was born in Cartagena, emigrated to the United States in 1939 following the Spanish Civil War when he was exiled during the Franco Era in Spain, and became an American citizen. (d. 1972)
1917 - Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel, lawyer, politician served as the President of the Francoist Courts (d. 1976)
1919 - Armando Calvo was a Puerto Rican-born Spanish actor. His father was Juan Calvo Domenech, an actor and his mother was Minerva Lespier, a Puerto Rican. Calvo worked in Spain, Italy and Mexico appearing in 800 Spaghetti Western films between 1939 and 1984 (d. July 6 1996 Mexico City) 
1925 - El Perlo de Triana, better known by his stage name "El Perlo de Triana", was a singer, musician and poet. Born in Málaga, (d. 2013)
1925 - Jaime Salom, dramatist. (d. Jan 25, 2913 Sitges)
1927 - José Luis Olaizola, 
1936 - Raúl del Pozo, journalist and writer
1942 - Enrique Morente from Granada, flamenco singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
1945 - Jesús Ávila de Grado, biologist 
1945 - Juan Manuel Eguiagaray, ex-Minister of Industry and director of the Laboratory of Alternatives.
1952 - José Obeso Revuelta, politician.
1954 - Antonio Pérez Baeza, analyst 
1964 - Rosa Costa, synchronised swimmer born in Palma de Mallorca
1964 - Chucho Solana, footballer.
1966 - Patricia Gaztañaga, presenter.
1967 - Amaro Gómez-Pablos, journalist and Chilean-Spanish conductor.
1976 - Lírico, singer.
1982 - Dani Martínez, TV presenter.
1985 - Francisco Lara, Spanish player of American Football.

1406 - Enrique III, King of Castilla y León called the Suffering due to his ill health, was the son of Juan I and Eleanor of Aragón. He succeeded his father as King of Castile in 1390 (died in Toledo) (b. 1379 in Burgos)
1553 - Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish-Chilean explorer and politician, 1st Royal Governor of Chile (b. 1500)
1825 - Manuel Tolsá, architect and sculptor. (b. 1757)
1881 - Ignacio Suárez Llanos, painter and illustrator who specialized in portraits (b. 1830 in Gijón)
1913 - Alberto Aguilera, Madrid mayor. (b. 1982 in Valencia)
1933 - Francesc Macià i Llussà, Catalán colonel and politician, 122nd President of Catalonia (b. 1859)
1953 - William Haselden, Spanish-English cartoonist (b. 1872)
1983 - Joan Miró i Ferrá was a Catalan painter and ceramicist, born in Barcelona, mostly known as Joan Miró (b. 1893 in Barcelona)
1991 - José Guerrero, hispano american painter, notable for his abstract expressionist paintings, who spent much of his working life in the USA (b, 1914 in Granada)
1997 - Gabriel Alomar Esteve, architect (b. 1915)
2002 - Íñigo Cavero, politician (b, 1929 in San Sebastián) 
2006 - Francisco Salinas Quijada, lawyer and professor (b. 1915)