Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

December 27

Saints Day for Juan, Nicerata, Fabiola, Teodoro and Teófanes.

1512 - The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regard to native Indians in the New World.
1820 - In Lambayeque (Peru) proclaimed the first shout of freedom against the Spanish
1836 - The Spanish Government recognises the independence of Mexico.
1870 - Attack on General Juan Prim in Madrid. Hit by several shots, he died three days later.
1936 - In the middle of the Spanish Civil War, Santander is bombarded by Franco's aviation, producing about 70 dead and 50 wounded among civilians. As a reply, 156 prisoners of the prison boat Alfonso Pérez are killed that day.
1968 - Over 5,000 Asturian miners on strike, even though it is illegal under the dictatorship of Franco .
1978 - King Juan Carlos I sanctions the Spanish Constitution previously approved by parliament, and ratified by the people of Spain in a referendum held on 6th December 1978, now celebrated as el Día de la Constitución Española, a national holiday in Spain.

1983 - The Congress of Deputies validates the decree-law on industrial reconversion.
1985 - Barcelona officially requests the organization of the Olympic Games.

1350 - Juan I, called by posterity the Hunter or the Lover of Elegance, but the Abandoned in his lifetime, was the King of Aragón from 1387 until his death (d. 1396)
1586 - Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aytona, was a diplomat, soldier and writer of the early 17th century. He was also interim Governor of the  Spanish Netherlands (d. 1635)
1747 - Esteban de Arteaga, was a Spanish-born writer on theatre and music, active in Italy (d. 1799)
1799 - Serafín Estébanez Calderón, was an author best known by the pseudonym of El Solitario. He was born in Málaga. His first literary effort was El Listen verde, a poem signed 'Safinio' and written to celebrate the revolution of 1820 (d. 1867)
1804 - Juan de Zavala, After fighting in the First Carlist War, the Marquess served as Prime Minister of Spain. (d. 1879)
1806 - Ramón Cabrera y  Griñó, 1st Count of Morella. Ist Marquis of Ter was a Carlist general of Cataluña (d. May 24, 1877 in London)
1820 - Juan de la Rosa González, writer (d. 1886)
1859 - Vicente March y Marco was a costumbrista painter; known primarily for portraits and landscapes. He was also an amateur photographer. (d. 1927)
1886 - Juan Marcilla Arrazola, engineer (d. 1950)
1895 - Rafael Salazar Alonso, politician (d. 1936)
1900 - Juan de Orduña, actor and film maker (d. 1974)
1916 - Alfonso del Real, actor
1922 - Ramón Trías Fargas,  politician of Catalan nationalist ideology. Commemorative Plaque on the façade of Casa Fargas, where he was born, lived and died (d. 1989)  
1929 - Lucio Muñoz, abstract painter and engraver. (d. 1998 )
1930 - Julio Diamante, from Cádiz, was a film director and screenwriter. He directed ten films between 1959 and 1976.  His 1965 film El arte de vivir was entered into the 15th Berlin International Film Festival. He died on 1 August 2020 in Madrid at the age of 89
1936 - José Pérez-Francés, road racing cyclist. (Tour de France 1963 overall 3rd) born in Peñacastillo (d. 2021)
1938 - Jon Sobrino, SJ is a Jesuit Catholic priest and theologian, known mostly for his contributions to Latin American liberation theology 
1939 - Miguel Alcobendas, filmmaker
1942 - Gerardo Díaz Ferrán, businessman.
1943 - Joan Manuel Serrat, singer songwriter and guitarist, was born in Barcelona
1944 - Miguel Velasquez is a former Spanish boxer at Light Welterweight.
1953 - José Ortega Cano, the noted bullfighter, widower of the Spanish diva, Rocío Jurado, in Cartagena, Murcia
1968 - Diego «el Cigala», flamenco singer songwriter.
1976 - Curro Torres, footballer.
1993 - Miguel Reina, handball player.
1995 - Carlos Cuevas,  television, film, and theater actor, 
2001 - Ander Barrenetxea, professional footballer who plays for Real Sociedad as a forward.

1066 - Fernando I, King of León. (b. 1015)
1915 - Juan Menéndez Pidal, was a archivist, jurisconsult, historian, and poet, brother or Luis y Ramón Menéndez Pidal. He was long a director of the Archivo Histórico Nacional at Madrid, and a director of the Revista de Archivos, Bibliotecas y Museos, (b, 1858)
Daniel Zuloaga y Boneta - https://asociacionpisano.es/
1921 - Daniel Zuloaga y Boneta was a  ceramist and painter. He is considered to be one of the innovators or art pottery in Spain, He worked primarily from his workshops in Madrid and Segovia , but his work extended throughout Spain (d. 1921)
1923 - Lluís Domènech i Montaner, was an architect who was highly influential on Modernisme català. the Catalan Art Nouveau movement. He was also a Catalan politician. Born in Barcelona, he initially studied physics and natural sciences, but soon switched to architecture (b. 1850)
1946 - Pedro Mata, novelist.
1953 - Romualdo Galdós, religious, publicist and writer. (b. 1885)
1971 - Gonzalo Rodríguez Lafora, neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1886)
1998 - Ricardo Tormo, motorcyclist (b. 1952)
2000 - Antonio Rodríguez Valdivieso, painter. (b. 1919)
2003 - Enric Bernat the inventor of the world-famous Chupa Chup lollipops, died at his home in Barcelona at the age of 80.
2010 - Sabin Intxaurraga politician (b. 1949)
2010 - Luis Mariñas, journalist and TV news reader (b. 1947)