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December 29

Saint’s Day for Thomas Becket, Victor and Segundo.

0601 - Witerico, the Visigoth king of Spain, usurps power after leading a revolt of nobles.
1489 - Muslim town of Fiñana (Almería) is conquered by the Christian troops of the Catholic Monarchs.
1503 - The Battle of Garigliano  was fought between a Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeats French forces in Italy giving Spain control of the Kingdom of Naples
Lope Félix de Vega Carpio - https://dbe.rah.es/ 

1587 - The playwright, Lope Félix de Vega Carpio, is arrested in Madrid, charged with libel. He was banished from Court for eight years, and from the Kingdom of Castile for two.
1558 - Carlos V King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, buried in El Escorial
1601 - Witerico, Visigoth king of Spain, usurps power after heading a revolt of nobles
1711 - Felipe V founded the National Library in Madrid
1813 - Napoleon Bonaparte forced his brother Joseph to abdicate the Crown of Spain.
1820 - Trujillo, Peru proclaimed independence from Spain
1825 - Bolivia declared independence from Spain
1854 - The first issue of El Norte de Castilla newspaper that is still currently editing is published in Valladolid.
1858 - Opened in Madrid the "Company of the Railroads of Northern Spain" for the construction of the Madrid-Irún line.
1874 - The military coup of Gen. Martinez Campos in Sagunto ends the failed First Spanish Republic and Prince Alfonso is proclaimed King of Spain.
1917 - 24,000 tons of wheat are shipped in Buenos Aires to Spain.
1931 -The Spanish dancer Antonia Merce, "The Argentinita" debuted in New York with great success.
1934 - The work Yerma by Federico Garcia Lorca opens in the Theater of Madrid.
1945 -  It opens in Madrid the film Last of the Philippines, declared of national interest.
1965 - Australia wins the Davis Cup by defeating Spain in the final in Sydney.
1969 -  Cessation of Spanish Minister of Information and Tourism, Manuel Fraga Iribarne
1978 - The Spanish Constitution is published in Spain’s Official State Bulletin, the Boletín Oficial de España.
1981 - Julio Iglesias Puga, father of the singer Julio Iglesias, is kidnapped by ETA terrorists in Trasmoz, Zaragoza. He was freed by police on 19th January 1982.
1989 - The Ibex 35 index of the Madrid Stock Exchange.opens in Madrid
1993 - SUDEBAN authorised the official function that the Confederated Bank as commercial bank

Don García de Silva Figueroa - https://espanaenlahistoria.org/
1550 - Don García de Silva Figueroa, was a diplomat and the first Western traveller to  correctly identify the ruins of Takht-e Jamshid in Persia as the location of Persepolis, the ancient capital of the Achaemenid Empire and one of the great cities of antiquity 
Juan Martinez Montanes - https://dbe.rah.es/
1568 - Juan Martinez Montanes, known as el Dios de la Madera, was a sculptor born in Alcalá la Real, in Jaén province. He was one of the  most important figures of the Sevillian school of sculpture (d. June 18, 1649 Sevilla)
1634 - Baltasar de Figueroa, was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Santiago de Cuba (1683–1684).
1788 - Thomas Zumalacárregui, military, general in the First Carlist War. (d. 1835)
1811 - Francisco Palau - Catalan  Discalced Carmelite friar and priest (d. 1872)
1833 - Tomás de la Chica y Puerta, composer.
1850 - Tomás Bretón,  composer. (d. Dec 2, 1923 in Madrid)
1864 - Juan Bautista Benlloch y Vivó, bishop (d. 1926)
1876 - Pau Casals. Catalan composer, conductor and internationally-renowned cellist, (d. 1973)
1889 - José Aguerre, Basque writer and politician (d, 1962)
1903 - Enrique García-Herreros Codesido  was a humourist, drafter, poster artist, filmmaker and mountaineer. Luis García Berlanga defined him as the one who invented the promotion and advertising, He found out Nati Mistral and he was the personal manager of Sara Montiel until 12 December 1963 (d. Sept 17, 1977 Santander)
1912 - Federico Gómez de Salazar y Nieto was a military officer who fought for the Nationalist faction in the Civil War (d. Jan 24, 2006 in Madrid)
1914 - Domènec Balmanya, footballer and trainer (d. 2002)
1923 - Gregorio López-Bravo, former Minister for Foreign affairs  (d. 1985)
1924 - Francisco Morales Nieva, playwright born in Valdepeñas, he  moved to Madrid at an  early age to train at the San Fernando  Royal Academy of Fine Arts. He was a member of the  avant-garde literary movement called Postismo (d. Nov 10, 2016 Madrid) 
1925 - Bernardino Landete, rejoneador and rider (d. 2010)
1931 - Mauro Muñiz,  writer and journalist.
1946 - Pablo Pérez-Mínguez, photographer (d. 2012) 
1950 - Luis Alberto de Cuenca, poet, essayist and philologist.
1958 - Ana Curra, keyboard player and musician 
1960 - Joseba Apaolaza,  actor.
1962 - Carles Puigdemont, Catalan politician and journalist, former president 
1970 - Bernardo Hernández González, a technology entrepreneur and business angel.
1977 - Miguel Ángel Villar Pinto, writer 
1981 - Natalia Jiménez, singer with the band La Quinta Estación
1989 - Francisco Javier López,  athlete specialising in the sprint hurdles.He won a bronze medal at the 2012 Ibero-American Championships. His personal bests are 13.62 seconds in the 110 metres hurdles (+1.2 m/s, Castellón 2015) and 7.69 seconds in the 60 metres hurdles (Pittsburgh 2016).
1991 - Francisco Sánchez Ruíz. professional pool player born in Murcia
1849 - Dionisio Aguado y Garcia, classical guitarist and composer of the late Classical and early Romantic periods (b. Apr 8, 1784 in Madrid).
1980 - Manuel Gago, Spanish writer and illustrator of comics. (b. 1925).
1990 - Manuel Molina, poet (b. 1917)
2010 - Manuel Veiga López, politician (b. 1935)