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December 30

Saint’s Day for Sabino, Apiano, Marcelo and Raúl.

1066 - Granada massacre: A Muslim mob storms the royal palace in Granada, crucifies Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacres most of the Jewish population of the city.
1419 - In La Rochelle (France) the Castilian troops beat the English troops
1831 - Manuel Bretón de los Herreros releases "Marcela or which of the three?" in the Theater Principe of Madrid.
1833 - The minister Javier de Burgos established the division of the country into 49 provinces.
1850 - Juan Donoso Cortés denounces the administrative corruption, causing the resignation of Ramon Maria Narvaez and the appointment of Juan Bravo Murillo as president of the Council of Ministers.
1874 - An interim government is led by Canovas del Castillo after the coup of Martinez Campos.
1885 - Maria Christina of Austria, pregnant and recently widowed from Alfonso XII of Spain, swears allegiance to the Spanish Constitution and to the heir to the crown. She was Regent until her husband’s posthumous son, Alfonso XII, reached majority in 1902.

María Cristina of Austria - https://es.wikipedia.org/

1896 - Filipino patriot and reform advocate José Rizal is executed by a Spanish firing squad in Manila
1902 - The Spanish government sent warships to Tangier, which remain prepared to invade Morocco, which later will mark the beginning of the Rif war in Morocco.
1927 - The automatic telephone was inaugurated in Zaragoza.
1928 - In Vigo the Balaídos Municipal Stadium was inaugurated 
1930 - Berenguer announced elections for 19 March 1931 
1992 - The law ratifying the Maastricht Treaty, the Treaty of the European Union, comes into effect in Spain.
2004 - the Plan Ibarretxe, named after the President of the Basque Country, Juan José Ibarretxe, achieves majority approval in the Basque parliament, proposing a new statute of autonomy to give the region more independence. It was defeated by a vote in the Spanish Congress the following year.
2006 - an ETA bomb explodes in the Terminal 4 car park of Madrid’s Barajas Airport, killing two Ecuadorian nationals. It effectively put an end to the ceasefire which had been in place since March that year.
2017 - Rajoy to the separatists: ‘You will not test us again’ – he will use the article 155 to speed up the procedure for 17 January and warned that ‘the Spanish will not accept any blackmail and nor Europe would concede legitimacy.

1204 - Abu 'Uthman Sa'id ibn Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (d. 1282)
1587 - Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, 3rd Duke of Feria,  nobleman, diplomat and army commander during the 17th century. (d. 14-Jan-1634)
1707 - Joaquín Ortí y Figuerola, jurist.
1757 -  in Ceuta - Sebastián Kindelán y O'Regan. Sebastian Kindelán y O’Regan, also called Sebastián de Kindelán y Oregón, (30 December 1757 – 4 May 1826) was a colonel in the Spanish Army who served as governor of East Florida (11 June 1812 – 3 June 1815) and of Santo Domingo during the Second Spanish period (1818–1821), as well as provisional governor of Cuba (1822–1823). (d 04-May-1826)
1849 - María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña, was a Spanish Roman Catholic nun and the founder of the Sisters of the Catechetical Institute. Her religious activism came about from her earliest experiences in Almería where she tended to the poor including a leper though she later moved to Madrid and Puerto Rico where she continued her care for the poor and the sick. Her return to her native land saw her continue her work and her commitment to establishing religious and secular movements for others all directed towards active participation and care for poor people.The beatification process commenced on 19 June 1980 and she became titled as a Servant of God while later being named as Venerable in 1992 after her life of heroic virtue was confirmed; Pope John Paul II later beatified her in Saint Peter's Square on 23 March 2003. (d.10-Jan-1918)
1895 - José Bergamín Gutiérrez, writer His father served as president of the canton of Málaga; his mother was a Catholic. Bergamín was influenced by both politics and religion and attempted to reconcile Communism and Catholicism throughout his life, remarking "I would die supporting the Communists, but no further than that." (d. 28-Aug-1983)
1896 - José María Sentís Simeón He is best known as General Director of Prisons for 8 months in 1942–43 and as civil governor of Guadalajara and Palencia, also during the early Francoism. Throughout most of his life he was an active Carlist, in 1962–65 serving as Secretario General of Comunión Tradicionalista. He retired from the army in the rank of a colonel. (d. 31-Jul-1989)
1899 - José María López Lledín born in Negueira de Muñiz, Galicia, he was an elegant vagabond known as El Caballero de París ("The Gentleman From Paris") who wandered the streets of Havana and was a well-known cult figure in the Cuban Capital. (d.1985)
1909 - Jaime Lazcano, footballer (d. 1983)
1911 - Rafael Luis Calvo Muñoz.  film actor. He appeared in more than 60 films including Miracle of Marcelino (1955). (d. 09-Dec-1988)
1925 - Baltasar Rodríguez-Salinas, mathematician.
1939 - Fernando Ledesma,  politician.
1940 - José Pedro Pérez-Llorca, lawyer who served as the country's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1980 to 1982. He was also one of the Fathers of the 1978 Constitution and played a key role in the country's transition to democracy.
1946 - Marc Forné Molné, politician and Andorran lawyer.
1949 - Sabin Intxaurraga, Basque nationalist politician (d. 2010)
1952 - Jesús Ferrero,  writer.  After completing his secondary education he studied literature in Zaragoza for a while and then moved to Paris to study ancient Greek history at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales. Jesús Ferrero, like Javier Marías or Antonio Muñoz Molina, is a writer of that new Spanish prose which developed after La Movida Madrileña  one of the early post-modern currents. He has written numerous novels, poetry collections, short stories, essays and screenplays. He is, among other things, co-author of Pedro Almodóvar's film Matador. 
1970 - Blanca Ares Torres former Spanish basketball player, representing Spain from 1988 to 1994 and winning a gold medal at the 1993 European Championship, scoring 24 points in the final against France.
1971 - Ricardo,  footballer and manager
1973 - Nacho Vidal, porn actor, director, and producer
1974 - María Esteve,  actress. She is the daughter of actress Pepa Flores and dancer Antonio Gades. Her sister is the singer Celia Flores. She has appeared in several films, commercials, and TV shows, including the series Doctor Mateo.
1975 - Daniel Vidal Fuster, is an S6 swimmer. He competed at the 2000 Summer Paralympics.He finished first in the 50 metre butterfly race, the 4 x 50 metre medley relay and the 4 x 50 metre freestyle relay race.
1977 - Glory Alozie, Nigerian-Spanish sprinter and hurdler The world junior second placer from 1996, she went on to have a successful senior career, although she has never won a global international event (placing second on five occasions).
1985 - David Broncano,  comedian and television host. He has also worked in news and advertising agencies.In 2017 he was awarded the "Jaén, Paraíso Interior" award by the Provincial Council of Murcia
1990 - Acorán Juan Hernández Mendoza  male weightlifter, competing in the 62 kg category and representing Spain at international competitions.
1992 - Anna Boada, a competitive rower. She competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, in the women's coxless pair.

1639 - Fernando de Valdés y Llano, bishop (b, 1575)
1787 - Juan de Ayala, sailor (b. 1745)
1st Count of Floridablanca - https://dbe.rah.es/

1808 - José Moñino y Redondo 1st Count of Floridablanca was a statesman. He was the  reformist chief minister of King Carlos III of Spain and also served briefly under Carlos IV. He was arguably Spain's most effective statesman in the eighteenth century. (b. Oct 21, 1728 in Murcia)
1870 - Juan Prim,  soldier and politicIan assassinated in Madrid (b, Dec 6 1814 in Reus) 
1879 - Adelardo López de Ayala, writer and politicIan. (b. May 1, 1828 in Sevilla)
1922 - José Ortega Munilla,  writer and journalist. (b 1828)
1933 - José Ramón Mélida archaeologist (b. 1856)
1958 - Francisco Regalado Rodríguez, soldier (b. 1881)
1961 - José Royo Gómez, geologist (b. 1895)
1963 - Joaquín Benjumea, politician (b. 1878)
1982 - Gabriel Sánchez de la Cuesta, doctor (b. 1907)
1998 - Joan Brossa, poet, playwright and  fine artist. (b Jan 19, 1919 in Barcelona
2000 - Paco de Antequera,  guitarist. (b. 1938)
2004 - Alberto Méndez, writer (b. Aug 27 1941 Madrid)
2007 - Xaime Quesada Porto, painter, engraver, designer and  artist. (b. 1937)
2009 - Iván Zuleta, filmmaker (b. 1943)
2013 - José María Maguregui,  footballer and manager (b. 1934)