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December 8

Saint’s Day for Eucario

A public holiday in Spain for the holy day which celebrates the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, ‘La Inmaculada Concepción,’ the patron virgin of Spain.

La Inmaculada del Escorial, por Murillo

1491 - Seven Christian knights enter Granada, including Hernán Pérez del Pulgar, to confer secretly with Boabdil, on the conditions of surrender of the city.
1504 - Ahmad ibn Abi Jum'ah writes his Oran fatwa, arguing for the relaxation of Islamic law requirements for the forcibly converted Muslims in Spain
1585 - The Miracle of Empel is produced, by which the Immaculate Conception is proclaimed patroness of the Spanish Tercios.
1824 - Battle of Ayacucho (Candor Agui), Peru defeats Spain
1839 - The mayor of Badajoz, José María López, inaugurated the cemetery of San Juan de Badajoz.
1931 - Spain becomes a republic 

Rodrigo Ponce de León - https://www.alhama.com/
1443 - Rodrigo Ponce de León, Duke of Cádiz, was one of the Castilian military leaders in the conquest of Granada. In 1482 he led the Castilian forces that captured the town of Alhama and later Boabdil. He had earlier been one of the military leaders in the Castillian War of Succession, Juan Pacheco was his father-in-law. Born in Arcos de la Frontera (d. August 28, 1492 in Sevilla)
1751 - Maria Luisa of Palma, Queen of  Carlos IV of Spain, born in Palma (d. 1819)
1808 - Mariano Pérez Cuenca, Churchman and writer. (d. 1883)
1879 - Fernando de los Ríos, politician and socialist idealist (d. 1949)
1882 - Joaquín Turina, pianist and composer (Rima) born in Sevilla (d. 1949)
1908 - Concha Piquer, singer and actress, was born in Valencia. (d. 1990)
1919 - Miguel Ramón Izquierdo, politician (d. 2007)
1923 - Olga Gallego Domínguez, Galician historian, academic and writer (d. 2010)
1925 - Carmen Martín Gaite, novelist, playwright and essayist, was born in Salamanca. She was awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize for Literature in 1988. (d. 2000)
1926 - José María Laso, philosopher and communist militant. (d. 2009)
1930 - José María Carrascal journalist 
1932 - Francisco Tomás y Valiente, magistrate.(d. 1996)
1943 - Ramón Grosso, footballer (d. 2002)
1953 - Manuel Gómez Pereira, film maker.
1953 - Sentó, cartoonist.
1960 - Inmaculada Cruz, politician. (d. 2013)
1963 - Bárbara Palacios, Venezuelan TV host and Miss Universe (1986) born in Madrid
1970 - Juan Manuel de Prada, writer.
1971 - Enrique Ponce, bullfighter.

1496 - José Lumbroso (Luis de Carvajal, el Mozo) jewish hispanic-mexican poet
1969 - Higinio Anglés, priest and musicologist (b. 1888)
1977 - Juan Gavala y Laborde, engineer (b. 1885)
1995 - Enrique Líster, soldier and politician.  (b. 1933)
2003 - Antonio Quilis, philologist (b. 1933)
2006 - José Díaz Macías, footballer (b. 1946)