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February 1

Saint’s Day for Cecilio, Brígida, Meridiana, Severo, Pablo and Ignacio.

1810 - Sevilla surrenders to the French without a fight
1881 - the first edition of La Vanguardia, one of the longest-running newspapers in Spain, is published in Barcelona.

1900 - Pablo Picasso’s first solo exhibition opens in the Barcelona tavern, Els Quatre Gats.
1901 - Pablo Picasso and F. Soler founded the magazine Arte Joven, of which 5 numbers were published.
1907 - In Bilbao the play opens The intruder, by Vicente Blasco Ibanez. The work constituted a great anticlerical demonstration.
1912 - The Naval Academy was founded.
1913 - Rebuilt in Madrid Teatro de la Zarzuela, which had caught fire three years before, opens.
1923 - return to Spain, after 18 months of negotiations, the Spanish prisoners held by Abd el-Krim. From the Vatican, Pope Pius XI recommends public prayers to avoid a new war.
1925 - Thalia theater in Barcelona 36 hours a championship dance is held.
1930 - In Spain the "soft dictatorship" (pun on "dictatorship") it is established, following the appointment in Madrid of General Damaso Berenguer as head of the Cabinet, with the order of the king to prepare a return to previous constitutional regime 1923.
1935 - in the theatre Maria Guerrero (Madrid) the poem Ayacucho Francisco Villaespesa 'El Sol' opens.
1938 - in Salamanca the radio proclamations of General Gonzalo Queipo de Llano ended.

1941 - Spain's Renfe (National Spanish Railway Network) is established.
1946 - Spanish government authorizes the recovery of nationality for citizens who have lost the military in the belligerent armies.
1952 - In Spain the film (La Niña de la venta) the girl of the sale, directed by Ramón Torrado and starring Lola Flores and Manolo Caracol is premiered.
1954 - In Spain, the Traditionalist Spanish Falange and JONS organization (National Syndicalist Offensive Boards) is the National Board of the Old Guard.
1957 - Mayor of Sabadell (Cataluña), J. M. Marcet, reports to the dictator Franco on the economic discrimination that is Cataluña object.
1973 - Spain holds a "council of war" against six students accused of setting fire to the French consulate; five were sentenced to 30 years in prison and the sixth was acquitted.
1982 - The autonomous communities of Cantabria and Asturias, previously the provinces of Santander and Oviedo, are officially created when their first regional statutes come into force.
1992 - In Spain, the Treasury agrees to retain 25% of the prize money given in the TV contests that exceed 100,000 pesetas.
1993 - The Police service for the Autonomous Community of Valencia is founded.
2000 - The new Ley de Extranjería foreigners law is passed.
2005 - in Leganés (Madrid) the Moroccan police arrest four members of one family, for thier alleged involvement in the bombings of March 11, 2004.
2006 - on the outskirts of the city of Bilbao (Spain), the terrorist group ETA explodes a bomb in a post office building, causing no major damage.
2006 - in the Madrid suburb of Fuenlabrada, a team of researchers discover an important archaeological site tentatively dated between century III and VI, which are located at least 200 Visigoth tombs, a Roman villa and two necropolis.
2009 - A tornado in Málaga caused important material damage.
2017 - the former defence minister, José Bono, with a letter general Alejandro sent to Zapatero in 2011, where he accuses Bono of being a lair ‘truth makes us free above the people who make lying a profession’ – Bono justified with lies the dismissal of two soldiers from the YAK- 42 – he gave false data to Congress over the wage of a lieutenant general and accused the head of the Army of ‘seriously insulting’ Zapatero.. Rajoy said to the Yak – 42 victims ‘This time we will do things correctly, trust me’
2023 - Spain assumes the EU's rotating presidency in an important milestone for the pro-Europe nation although all eyes are on an upcoming election that could topple the left-wing government.
2023 - Spain plans to send between four and six German-built Leopard 2A4 tanks to Ukraine, newspaper El Pais reports, citing unidentified government sources.

1669 - Miguel Lopez, composer and organist, born in Villarroya de la Sierra, Aragón (d. 1723)
1758 - Agustín de Betancourt, engineer who worked in Spain, France and Russia His work ranged from steam engines and balloons to structural engineering and urban planning. (d. 1824).
1842 - Jose Maria Esquerdo, psychiatrist (d.1912).
1844 - José Echenagusía Errazquin was a Basque genre and Orientalist painter. He signed his works "Echena".(d. 1912)
1847 - Eduardo Torroja y Caballé, Mathematician (d. 1918).
1851 - Jaume Ferran i Clua was a Spanish bacteriologist and sanitarian , contemporary of Koch, and said by his fellows to have made some of the discoveries attributed to Koch As early as 1885, he wrote on immunization against cholera. Some of his ideas on the transmission and virulence of tuberculosis are revolutionary. He died in 1929 and was buried in Montjuïc Cemetery, Barcelona.
1858 - Ricardo Gil, writer (d. 1908).
1859 - Julio Burell, Journalist and politician (d. 1919)
1876 - Francisco Gómez-Jordana y Sousa, 1st Count de Jordana, was a Spanish soldier and politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs during the rule of Francisco Franco. (d. 1944)
1916 - Alonso Zamora Vicente, philologist, dialectólogo, lexicographer and writer (d. 2006).
José Luis Sampedro - Photo https://www.ecologistasenaccion.org/

1917 - José Luis Sampedro, was born in Barcelona, economist and writer who advocated an economy "more humane, more caring, able to help develop the dignity of peoples". Academician of the Real Academia Española since 1990, he was the recipient of the Order of Arts and Letters of Spain, the Menéndez Pelayo International Prize (2010) and the Spanish Literature National Prize (2011). He became an inspiration for the anti-austerity movement in Spain. (d. 2013)
1918 - Montserrat Abelló i Soler was a Catalan poet and translator. During the Spanish Civil War, she lived in exile in France, England and Chile.(d 2014)
1921 - Nando Gonzáles, footballer.
1924 - Felipe Boso, poet (d. 1983).
1926 - Leonardo Polo  was a renowned Spanish philosopher best known for his philosophical method called abandonment of the mental limit and the profound philosophical implications and results of the application of this method. This method of detecting the mental limit in conditions such that it can be abandoned, results in a rethinking of classical and modern themes that opens up a wide range of philosophical fields. (d. 2013)
1930 - Jorge Lindell Díaz, painter.
1931 - Maria Lluïsa Borràs i González (born in Barcelona), doctorate in Art History from the Universitat de Barcelona, was a writer, critic, exhibition curator and specialist in the avant-garde and Dadaism. (d. 2010)
1939 - Antonio Martínez Sarrión (born in Albacete), is a Spanish poet and translator.
1946 - José Pesarrodona, cyclist.
1947 - Catalan screenwriter and film director, Francesc Bellmunt, in Sabadell
1947 - Fernando G. Delgado, journalist and writer.
1949 - Xuan Xosé Sánchez Vicente, writer and politician.
1953 - Periko Alonso, football player and trainer.
1959 - Enma Iranzo Martín, politician.
1960 - Mariano Peña, actor.
1968 - Javier Sánchez Vicario, tennis player.
1972 - Isabel Fernandez, judoka.
1974 - Roberto Heras,  road cyclist. (Vuelta a España 2000, 03, 04, 05 record), born in Béjar
1974 - David Meca, Catalan open water swimmer (World C'ship gold 10k 2000, 25k 2005) born in Sabadell
1981 - Pablo Casado Blanco, politician of the People's Party (PP). He is a member of the Congress of Deputies in representation of Madrid, having previously represented Ávila between 2011 and 2019.

850 - Ramiro I of Asturias, King of the Kingdom of Asturias (b. 790).
1328 - Charles IV of France and Navarre I, French King (b. 1294).
1873 - Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, poet (b. 1814).
1890 - Inocencio María Yéregui, bishop (b. 1833).
1938 - Armando Palacio Valdés, writer (b. 1853).
1953 - Antonio Goicoechea y Cosculluela, politician (b. 1876).
1962 - Moisés de Huerta, sculptor (b. 1881).
1990 - Antonio Ubieto Arteta, historian and philologist (b 1923).
1995 - Joaquin de Entrambasaguas, philologist (b 1904).
1995 - Jaume Perich, cartoonist and humorist (b 1941).
2001 - Rafael Lapesa, linguist and scholar (b 1908).
2004 - Álvaro d'Ors, lawyer (b. 1915).
2005 - Joaquín Aguirre Bellver, writer and journalist (b 1929).
2007 - Antonio María Javierre, Cardinal (b. 1921).
2011 - Guillermo Verdejo Vivas, Politician (b. 1919).
2012 - Fabián Estapé, footballer and manager (b. 1938)
2014 - Luis Aragonés, footballer forward (11 caps Atlético Madrid, Barcelona) and manager (Spain 2004-08, Atlético Madrid Barcelona) dies from leukemia (b. 1938)
2022 - Juan Iglesias Marcelo, politician, mayor of Cáceres (1983-1987) and senator (1982-2000), multiple organ failure (b.1932)