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February 10

Saint’s Day for Escolástica, Sotera, Silvano and Guillermo

1622 - In Madrid, the king fined with 3,000 ducats to the Marquis of Cañete and exiled him from the city for having beaten a few servants.
1712 - Huillicles in Chiloé rebel against Spanish encomenderos
1763 - In Paris, the Treaty of Paris is signed, which ends the Seven Years' War and in which France and Spain suffer colonial losses in favor of England.
1805 - King suppressed by decree bullfighting.
1929 - the first ever match day of the Spanish Football League is played.
1862 - France, Spain and the United Kingdom signed with Mexican President Benito Juarez Soledad Convention on the military action of the three powers in Mexico is suspended.
1910 - José Canalejas first occupies the presidency of the Council of Ministers.
1910 - Car services between Cariñena, Huesca and Fraga is inaugurated.
1921 - In Spain the reopening of the Spanish Cortes occurs after the change of government.
1925 - in Bilbao, the Bank of Credit and Mining Union announce the suspension of payments.

The winner of the 1929 Football league, Barcelona - photo www.fcbarcelona.com

1930 - General Miguel Primo de Rivera leaves the country.
1930 - Madrid, the black singer and dancer Josephine Baker acts in Metropolitan Theater.
1939 - Spanish Civil War: The Nationalists conclude their conquest of Catalonia and seal the border with France.
1939 - Juan Negrín returns from France to Alicante to continue the resistance.
1943 - within the framework of World War II Battle of Krasny Bor are affected: the Wehrmacht, aided by dividing 250 Spanish volunteers, Blue Division, beat the Soviets.
1948 - Borders between Spain and France are reopened after being closed for almost two years.
1953 - The provisions of the 1930 regulation on the weight, age and defenses of the bulls are restored.
1956 - To the serious university conflicts promoted by Socialists and Communists, the government declared a state of emergency throughout the country.
1956 - A decree that created the Houses of Culture is enacted.
1959 - Madrid death penalty is issued against delinquent Jose Manuel Jarabo, accused of killing four people.
1965 - An edition of Don Quixote illustrated by Salvador Dalí is prepared.
1966 - The Royal Spanish Academy of Language accepts new words, such as landing on the moon, audiovisual and historicism.
1970 - Spain buys from France 30 Mirage III aircraft.
1980 - Adolfo Suárez, Spanish president, initiates a trip to Iraq and Jordan, to discuss oil and economic relations Hispano.
1981 - King Juan Carlos I of Spain instructs Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo the formation of a new cabinet.
1982 - The regulations governing the operation of the Spanish Congress are approved.
1987 - One hundred thousand private school teachers go on strike, which affects two and a half million students.
1993 - Mario Conde pact with US banks JP Morgan's capital of Banesto.
1997 - Two people die at the hands of ETA: the Supreme Court magistrate, Rafael Martínez, in Madrid, and a civilian hairdresser at the military base in Armilla, Domingo Puente Marín.
2015 - Dozens of people were detained in Andalucía for presumed fraud in training courses

1767 - Luis Daoíz, Soldier (d. 1808).
1824 - Eugenio Lucas, painter (b. 1919).
1839 - Joseph Oller (Josep Oller i Roca in Catalan)  was a Catalan entrepreneur who lived in Paris for most of his life. He co-founded the famous cabaret Moulin Rouge with Charles Zidler and was the inventor of the parimutuel betting (d. 1922)
1843 - Adelina Patti (born in Madrid) was an Italian 19th-century opera singer, earning huge fees at the height of her career in the music capitals of Europe and America. She first sang in public as a child in 1851, and gave her last performance before an audience in 1914.(d. 1919)
1875 - Gonzalo Queipo de Llano y Sierra, 1st Marquis of Queipo de Llano for one year, was a military leader who rose to prominence during Francisco Franco's coup d'état and the subsequent Spanish Civil War and Spanish White Terror. (d. 1951)
1890 - La Niña de los Peines, flamenco singer (d. 1969).
1905 - José Muñoz Molleda, musician (d. 1988).
1908 - Pablo Serrano, sculptor (d. 1985).
1920 - José Manuel Castañón. writer born in Pola de Lena, Asturias. Although he fought in Francisco Franco’s 1936 military uprising, he later distanced himself from Franco's regime and in 1957 left for a 20-year exile to Venezuela.  (d. 2001)
1934 - Salvador Giner, professor of sociology.
1935 - Salvatore Pueyo, composer (Abstracciones) and educator (Barcelona Conservatory, 1987 - ) born in Barcelona
1947 - Pilar Bayona Sarriá, actress
1947 - Aurora Bayona Sarriá, actress
1948 - Mariano Fernández Bermejo, Justice Minister with the Socialist government led by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. He was born in Arenas de San Pedro, Ávila.
1950 - Fiorella Faltoyano, actress.
1953 - Cecilia Castaño Collado is a PhD in Political Science, professor of Applied Economics, and lecturer at the Complutense University of Madrid's Department of Applied Economics. She is an expert in information technology and its effect on women's employment and work. She has conducted numerous investigations on the digital gender gap and women's access to the information society.
1973 - Núria Añó, writer
1974 - María Botto, actress.
1978 - Gabriel García, «Gabri», footballer.
1986 - Roberto Jiménez Gago, footballer
1991 - Carlos Joaquín González-Camino Calleja, also known as Carlos Camino, is a Spanish actor known for Queens, Virgin & Martyr, Bienvenidos al Lolita, and Eryka's Eyes.

1839 - Pedro Romero, bullfighter (b. 1754).
1959 - Arturo Duperier, physicist (b. 1886).
1973 - Fidel García, bishop (b. 1880).
1985 - Lahuerta Genaro Lopez,  painter and portraitist (b. 1905)
1995 - Jesús Garay Vecino, footballer (b. 1930).
1998 - Juan Martínez Moreno, chemist (b. 1919).
2002 - Gonzalo Fernández de la Mora, diplomat (b. 1924).
2005 - Paco Gandía, comic (b. 1930).
2013 - Eugenio Trías Sagnier, philosopher and academic (b. 1942)
2023 - Filmmaker Carlos Saura, who led the awakening of Spain's art cinema after decades of fascist dictatorship under Francisco Franco and captivated international audiences with passionate flamenco choreography dramas (b. 1932)