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February 11

Saint’s Day for Lazarus and Desiderio.

1584 - A naval expedition led by Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa founds Nombre de Jesús, the first of two short-lived Spanish settlements in the Strait of Magellan
1586 - Sir Francis Drake with an English force captures and occupies the Spanish colonial port of Cartagena de Indias for two months, obtaining a ransom and booty
1606 - The Court of Felipe III moves from Valladolid to Madrid.
1869 - The Constituent Cortes open after the overthrow of Isabel II.
1873 - The courts accept the abdication of Amadeo. the First Republic is proclaimed, was named president of the company Estanislao Figueras.

Antonio María de Oriol y Urquijo reading El País during his kidnapping - photo www.politica.elpais.com
1904 - The severe storms cause flooding in different parts of the Peninsula.
1906 - In the province of Jaén aphid plague devastates the olive trees.
1909 - In El Escorial (Madrid) a fire occurs in the University of the Augustinians.
1910 - Barcelona starts testing with a Bleriot monoplane, with Motor Anzani 25 horses, owned by Mario Garcia Cames.
1939 - Nationalist forces cross into French territory with permission from France and take the Spanish enclave of Llívia, the last part of Catalan territory to fall to Franco’s troops.
1940 - The State Council was reestablished.
1972 - The nuclear power station Vandellós I, en Tarragona starts operation.
1976 - Antonio María de Oriol y Urquijo, President of the Consejo de Estado – the advisory body to the Spanish government - is set free, two months after he was kidnapped by GRAPO terrorists.
1977 - The Communist party askes to be legalised.
1993 - Alfonso X the Wise University and San Pablo CEU University: - the first two private universities in Madrid are created.
1994 - the Spanish Government technically intervenes the housing cooperative PSV, by temporarily suspending the action of its social bodies.
1997 - The Basque businessman, Francisco Arratibel, is murdered by ETA terrorists in Tolosa, Guipúzcoa.
1998 - In Madrid the 17.ª Feria Internacional de Arte Contemporáneo (ARCO) opens.
2000 - Telefónica and the bank BBVA sign a strategic alliance
2001 - Seven technicians from the Lyric Company die in a traffic accident.
2005 - The International Year of Physics is inaugurated, declared by UNESCO with a ceremony in the Congress of Deputies.

1742 - Ramón Lázaro de Dou y de Bassols, deputy in the Cortes de Cádiz. (d. 1832)
1746 - Luis Paret y Alcázar, painter of the late-Baroque or Rococo period (d. 1799).
1834 - Saturnino Álvarez Bugallal lawyer, journalist and politician. He was Minister of Justice during the reign of Alfonso XII (d. 1885)
1885 - Wenceslao Fernández Flórez, writer (d. 1964).
Photo in Berlin 1941 - https://es.wikipedia.org/
1904 - José Finat y Escrivá de Romaní,  politician and government official who held several important posts in Francoist Spain. After the Civil War he was named Director General of Security and from 1952 to 1965 he was the Mayor of Madrid. (d. 1995).
1912 - Simón Lecue, footballer (d. 1984).
1921 - Rafael Anglada, theatre writer and director (d. 1993).
1921 - Antonio Millán-Puelles, writer (d. 2005).
1922 - Ernesto Segura de Luna, layer, former president of the Spanish Basketball Federation (d. 2008).
1925 - Amparo Rivelles, actress (d. 2013).
1926 - Nicolás Sánchez Albornoz, historian and academic.
1940 - Rafael de Paula, bullfighter.
1947 - Joselito (José Jiménez) singer and actor, born in Beas de Segura
1948 - Inés Alberdi (born in Sevilla) was the Executive Director of UNIFEM and has been a noted academic, policy advisor and policy maker on family and women’s issues.
1950 - Tino Casal, singer, songwriter, producer, designer, painter and sculptor (d. 1991).
1955 - Javier Moro, writer.
1958 - José Vicente Pepu Hernández, basketball trainer.
1963 - José Mari Bakero, footballer born in Goizueta
1964 - Antonio Camacho Vizcaíno (born in Madrid is a politician and former Minister of the Interior.
1965 - María Teresa Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz  better known as Maite Pagazaurtundúa or Maite Pagaza, is a  politician, activist and writer. She is currently a Member of the European Parliament, and spokesperson of Unión Progreso y Democracia in the European Parliament. She was born and grew up in a small village in the Basque Country.
1969 - Juan Vicente García Aguirre (born in San Sebastián) is a Basque musician and songwriter. He is best known for being one-half of the Spanish group Amaral with its namesake Eva Amaral.Aguirre was born in San Sebastián, living there during part of his childhood, then he moved to Zaragoza and founded a band named Días De Vino Y Rosas (Days Of Wine And Roses) there, that released an album in 1991.
1978 - Marieta Orozco, actress.
1981 - Víctor Raúl Pérez Raya (born in Córdoba) film director, producer, screenwriter and visual effects artist who has worked on a number of Hollywood films,
1983 - Rafael van der Vaart, dutch football of Spanish mother
1987 - José Callejón, footballer.
1991 - Nikola Mirotic, basketball player

1894 - Emilio Arrieta, the noted Zarzuela composer.
1895 - Juan María Acebal y Gutiérrez, writer (b. 1815).
1901 - Ramón de Campoamor, writer (b. 1817).
1911 - Isidro Nonell Monturiol, painter (b. 1872).
1953 - Antonio Goicoechea, polítician (b. 1876).
1962 - Indalecio Prieto, socialist politician (b. 1883).
1964 - Pablo Martín Alonso, soldier (b. 1896).
1985 - Víctor Palomo, motorbike rider (b. 1949).
1990 - José Entrecanales Ibarra, businessman (b. 1899).
1991 - Ricardo Gullón, writer (b. 1908).
2000 - Bernardo Capó, cyclist (b. 1920).
2006 - Juan Giralt, painter (b. 1940).
2022 - Isabel Torres, actress (Veneno) and television presenter, lung cancer (b. 1971)
2022 - Pedro Villagrán, politician, senator (2004-2008) (b. 1947)