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February 15

Saint’s Day for Cratón, Faustino, Jovita, Severo and Quindío.

1412 - Cataluña and Aragon signed the Concord of Alcañiz to designate the new king of Aragon.
1493 - While on board the Niña, Christopher Columbus writes an open letter (widely distributed upon his return to Portugal) describing his discoveries and the unexpected items he came across in the New World.
1525 - In Mexico, conquistador Hernán Cortés assassinated Cuauhtémoc, last Aztec emperor 
1728 - Philip, Duke of Wharton, establishes the first Masonic lodge in Spain, in Madrid, baptized with the name of Three Flowers of Lys.
1764 - The city of St. Louis is established in Spanish Louisiana (now in Missouri, USA).
1834 - Urban Police were created in Madrid.
1856 - Compulsory postage correspondence is decreed.
1876 - The first Spanish Cortes of the Restoration, under the presidency of José de Posada Herrera in Congress, and the Marquis de Barzanallana open.

Javier Otxoa - Photo www.rtve.es

1898 - The battleship USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana, harbour in Cuba, killing about 274 of the ship's roughly 354 crew. The disaster pushes the United States to declare war on Spain
1908 - Spanish troops occupy Restinga, close to Melilla.
1921 - Magazine in Majorca Baleares, several poets, among which include the Spanish Guillermo Torre and Argentine Jorge Luis Borges published the "Manifest de l'Ultra".
1930 - the government of General Berenguer dissolved the National Assembly established by General Miguel Primo de Rivera.
1941 - a devastating fire starts in Santander and rages for two days before it is put out, destroying much of the old city centre.
1941 - Alfonso XIII formally renounces his rights to the throne in favour of his son, Juan de Borbón y Battenberg, the Count of Barcelona. The King died in exile two weeks later.
1943 - at the roundabout of Cuatro Caminos (Madrid) A bomb attack occurs in the premises of the Falange.
1948 - Gerardo Diego entered the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language.
1952 - in the province of Badajoz sees the light of a draft law on electrification and industrialization.
1964 - Barcelona, A great success for the play by Maria Rosa, Guimerà Angel, interpreted in its Catalan version by the company of Nuria Espert.
1966 - Spain granted the Germans entering the country without a passport, although with ID, for tourism purposes without a reciprocal basis.
1967 - The plan for the transfer of the river Tagus to the Segura is approved.
1982 - The reopening occurs very restricted to avoid deterioration of the caves of Altamira.
1985 - the figures show that unemployment has grown by 158,800 people in Spain during the last quarter of 1984, making it the worst year for employment since 1981.
1987 - Gregorio Salvador Caja joined the Royal Spanish Academy, occupying the chair "q".
1990 - Madrid, Argentina and the United Kingdom reached an agreement to restore diplomatic relations after eight years since the outbreak of the Falklands War.
1993 - In Madrid, police dismantled a gang of trafficking in women who had smuggled into Spain more than 2,000 Dominican citizens to be dedicated to prostitution.
1999 - The Foundation for the Advancement of Spanish Research on AIDS is created.
2016 - Aguirre launched a dart to Rajoy calling on him to resign with her resignation’. The leader of the PP in Madrid has left her job as a ‘gesture’ over corruption. She sent a message to the acting Prime Minister ‘It is the time for sacrifices’

Pedro Menédez de Avilés - https://dbe.rah.es/
1519 - Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, was a Spanish admiral and explorer from the region of Asturias, Spain, who is remembered for planning the first regular trans-oceanic convoys and for founding St. Augustine, Florida, in 1565. This was the first successful Spanish settlement in La Florida and the most significant city in the region for nearly three centuries. St Augustine is the oldest continuously-inhabited, European-established settlement in the continental United States. Menéndez de Avilés was also the first governor of Florida (1565–74). (d. 1574)
1908 - Pedro Lain Entralgo, doctor, essayist and academic (d. 2001).
1908 - Armando Muñoz Calero, a physician and director of football (d. 1978).
1909 - Guillermo Gorostiza, footballer (d. 1966).
1937 - Manuel de la Calva, musician, member of the Dynamic Duo.
1937 - Eladio Viñuela, chemist, professor and investigator (d.1999).
1947 - Mario Gas, actor, director of theater and Spanish cinema.
1952 - Magdalena Álvarez, Development Minister under the Socialist government led by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, was born in San Fernando, Cádiz
1857 - Bienvenida Buck, lover of Peter Harding, born in Valencia
1964 - Javier Fesser, film director.
1976 - Óscar Freire, cyclist. born in Torrelavega

1600 - José de Acosta Spanish Jesuit missionary and naturalist (b. 1571)
1803 - Eugenio Larruga, writer and economist (b. 1747).
1847 - José de Palafox y Melci, soldier (b. 1776).
1967 – Antonio Moreno, Spanish-American actor and director (b. 1887)
1986 - David Vázquez Martínez, biochemist and researcher (b. 1930).
1999 - José Luis Cano, poet (b. 1912).
2001 - Ricardo Otxoa cyclist, died in Málaga province in 2001 when he and his twin brother were hit by a car. Javier Otxoa was in a coma for 65 days, and is now a Paralympics champion.
2009 - Pablo Dominguez Prieto priest (b. 1966).
2011 - José Lahoz, cyclist. (b. 1915).
2012 - Lina Romay, actress and director (b. 1954)
2022 - Juan Antonio Quintana. actor (Amar en tiempos revueltos) (b. 1941)