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February 17

Saint’s Day for Julián de Capadocia and Alejo de Falconeri.

1580 - Bernal Díaz del Castillo completed his true story over the conquering of New Spain 
1799 - Agustín de Betancourt and Molina obtained from Carlos IV of Spain a Royal Decree by which the proposed installation of optical telegraphy in Spain was approved.
1902 - Barcelona a suspension of state guarantees is declared, following the holding of a general strike since February 14.

Francisco Giner de los Rios - www.juntadeandalucia.es

1908 - Barcelona faces two bombs explosions.
1912 - The sessions of the Chambers were suspended on the occasion of carnival.
1912 - at the Palau de la Música Catalana (Barcelona) Winegrowers Union held an assembly.
1949 - four members of the PSUC – Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya – are executed by firing squad.
1954 - Spain studies a plan to revalue the tourism in the Costa del Sol.
1958 - the cartoonist Carlos Saenz de Tejada gets the Order of Alfonso X the Wise.
1968 - in the public schools of San Sebastián (Basque Country) the teaching of the Basque language is authorized.
1977 - in the Soviet Union, Dolores Ibarruri, La Pasionaria -dirigente exiled Communist Party of Spain requests the Spanish passport to return to her native country.
1982 - Madrid is closing the first Fair-Exhibition of Contemporary Art, ARCO-82, with a balance of more than 40,000 visitors.
1983 - Statutes of Autonomy are approved for Baleares, Castilla y León, Extremadura and Madrid.
1986 - company technicians in aviation Iberia discover sabotages on their planes.
1993 - Cataluna the song is approved Els Segadors anthem.
1993 - Jerez de la Frontera, the mayor Pedro Pacheco is expelled from the Andalusian Party for his continued criticism of another party leader, Alejandro Rojas-Marcos, mayor of Sevilla.
1997 - Modesto Rico Pasarín -a judicial police of 33 years assassinated by the terrorist group ETA by a bomb placed under his car seat.
1998 - Spanish biochemist US resident Mariano Barbacid accepts return to Spain after 24 years in exile to continue their research from the new National Cancer Center.
1998 - All of Spanish Congress unanimously approves the abolition of prison terms for draft dodgers.
2005 - the Spanish Medicines Agency approves the use of a new drug, called Velcade, which slows down the progression of melanoma.
2015 - The Supreme Court called Chaves and Griñán to declare as charged in the ERE case
2017 - Iñaki Urdangarín (Brother-in-Law of Spain's King), found guilty of evading taxes

1490 - Carlos III, duke of Bourbon (d 1527)
1747 - Narciso Casanovas, keyboard player, composer and Benedictine monk, born in Sabadell (d. 1799)
1827 - Manuel Villacampa del Castillo, Soldier (d. 1889).
Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer - https://www.unprofesor.com/
1836 - Gustavo Adolfo Claudio Domínguez Bastida, better known as Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer,  was a Romanticist poet and writer (mostly short stories), also a playwright, literary columnist, and talented in drawing.Today he is considered one of the most important figures in Spanish literature, and is considered by some as the most read writer after Cervantes. He was associated with the romanticism and post-romanticism movements and wrote while realism was enjoying success in Spain. He was moderately well known during his life, but it was after his death that most of his works were published. His best known works are the Rhymes and the Legends, usually published together as Rimas y leyendas. These poems and tales are essential to the study of Spanish literature and common reading for high-school students in Spanish-speaking countries. His work approached the traditional poetry and themes in a modern way, and he is considered the founder of modern Spanish lyricism.(d. 1870).
1850 - Wenceslao Ramirez de Villa-Urrutia, diplomat and writer (d. 1933).
1922 - Ernesto Feria Jaldón, doctor and writer (d. 1993).
1926 - Manuel Millares, painter (d. 1972).
1929 - Javier Dominguez, priest and writer.
1930 - Daniel Gil, graphic designer (d. 2004).
1935 - Máximo Cajal, diplomat
1948 - Faustino Narganes Quijano, historian.
1952 - Rosa Delia Blanco, politician.
1952 - Andrés Sánchez Robayna, writer.
1953 - Eudald Carbonell, archaeologist.
1969 - Maite Dono, singer, poet and actress.
1972 - Nani Roma, rally pilot.
1985 - Ion Vélez Martínez, footballer.
1993 - Marc Márquez, motorbike rider.

1624 - Juan de Mariana, priest and historian (b. 1536)
1894 - Francisco Asenjo Barbieri, composer (b. 1823).
1915 - The Ronda-born philosopher, essayist and educator, Francisco Giner de los Ríos, one of the most influential intellectuals in Spain in the late 19th-early 20th century, died in Madrid.
2003 - José María Cabodevilla, priest and theologian (b 1928).
2007 - Cayetano Martí Valls, mallorcan writer (b. 1918).
2012 - Enrique Sierra, guitarist in the group Radio Futura (b. 1957)
2022 - Martín Quirós, politician, member of the Valencia Courts (1991-2002) (b.1931)
2024 - Dr Bartolomé Beltrán, television and radio doctor, a key person for educating the public in Spain for decades. Died of kidney failure (b. 1950)