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February 23

Saint’s Day for Marta, Policarpo and Ordoño.

1475 - Valencia Comprehensions book appears, the first work published in Spain following techniques Gutenberg.
1863 - is celebrated in the church of San Lucas de Jerez de la Frontera marriage between Don Alvaro Davila and Perez de Grandallana, Marquess of Villamarta-Davila, Mirabal and Conde de Villafuente Bermeja Dona Francisca Caracciolo of Agreda y Balderas, of Señor Divisero Solar de Tejada.
1913 - In Santander, Spain, football club Racing de Santander was founded.
1928 - the reform of the Spanish Penal Code aggravated penalties for acts of fraud and specifies trickery and blackmail.
1937 - within the framework of the Spanish Civil War Battle of Jarama concludes with a Republican counterattack led by General Miaja, who was arrested.

Lt Col Antonio Tejero - photo www.helpcatalonia.cat

1981 - Lt Col Antonio Tejero leads a force of 200 men into the Spanish parliament in an attempted military coup against Spain’s new democracy. The failed coup is known today as 23-F.
1983 - Minister Miguel Boyer expropriated Rumasa Jose Maria Ruiz-Mateos.
1984 - San Sebastian, ETA kills the Basque Socialist parliamentary senator Enrique Casas.
1984 - Spain’s first successful liver transplant is carried out at the Bellvitge Hospital in Barcelona.
1985 - ETA releases to the industrial Urteaga Angel payment of a ransom of 150 million pesetas, after 38 days in captivity.
1988 - In Madrid, the XXII Congress of the PCE chooses Julio Anguita as new secretary general, replacing Gerardo Iglesias. 1989 - Aragon, the PP and the PAR sign the pact of forming a coalition government in the autonomous community of Aragon.
1985 - the businessman, Ángel Urteaga, is set free by ETA after 37 days in captivity, and after paying a ransom of 150 million pesetas.
1990 - at the Gregorio Maranon hospital (Madrid), the American cardiologist Charles E. Mullins corrects for the first time in Europe, and without surgery, a congenital malformation of heart to a 4 year old girl.
2002 - Spaniard Johann Mühlegg obtains its third gold medal after winning the 50 km classic.
2005 - The Ministry of Health approves the first four research projects on stem cells.
2006 - in Spain goes on sale Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (sixth book in the series).
2006 - Shanghai, Inditex (the Spanish multinational that presides over Amancio Ortega), arrives in China with the opening of a Zara store.
2009 - Penelope Cruz became the first Spanish actress to win an award Oscar
2012 - The full General Council of the Judiciary, has ratified, with the support of 20 of its 21 members, the expulsion of the judiciary Judge Baltasar Garzon.
2015 - Jordi Pujol and his wife Marta Ferrusola and cousin Jordi appeared before the Parliamentary Commission which is investigating the origin of their fortune

Palace of Guzmanes in León - CC BY-SA 2.0 ca, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=292828
1500 - Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón, was a Spanish architect of the Renaissance. He was born at Rascafría. His work alternated the late gothic with the renaissance style. His workings include the Palace of Monterrey in Salamanca, the Palace of Guzmanes in León, and the facade of the Colegio Mayor de San Ildefonso at the University of Alcalá de Henares. He also worked in Arzobispo Fonseca College and in the Convent of San Esteban, both in Salamanca and in the Cathedral of Ciudad Rodrigo. He was the son of the Trasmeran mason named Juan Gil de Hontañón, Rodrigo continued the works in the cathedrals of Salamanca and Segovia, both begun by his father in Gothic style. Gil de Hontañón died at Segovia in 1577.
1860 - Joan Llimona, Painter (d. 1926).
1898 - Enrique Lafuente Ferrari, historian of Spanish art (d. 1985).
1901 - Bella Dorita, Spanish singer and dancer cabaret (d. 2001).
1913 - Salvador Artigas, football player and trainer (d. 1997).
1926 - The noted Spanish novelist and journalist, Fernando Vizcaíno Casas, was born in Valencia (d. 2003)
1931 - Alfredo Sánchez Brell, known as Aldo Sambrell, was a Spanish actor, director, and producer who appeared in over 150 films between 1961 and 1996. (d. 2010)
1934 - Augusto Algueró Dasca was a Spanish arranger, composer and music director. Algueró was born in Barcelona, and studied both music and medicine. Among his most famous cover songs are "Penélope", which was performed by Joan Manuel Serrat, as well as "Noelia" (Nino Bravo), "Tómbola" (Marisol) and "La chica yé-yé" (Concha Velasco).In 1961, Algueró wrote the debut entry of Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest, "Estando contigo" by Conchita Bautista. He was the musical director for the 1969 Eurovision Song Contest, which was held in Madrid. (d. 2011)
1948 - Manolo Clares, footballer.
1954 - Carlos Guirao, Spanish guitarist, keyboard player, and composer (Neuronium) (d. 2012)
1954 - Rosendo Mercado, rock musician.
1960 - Actress, Luisa Martín, awarded for her role as Juani in the popular 1990s Telecinco series ‘Médico de familia,’ was born in Madrid.
1965 - Mikel Erentxun, Spanish singer of Venezuelan origin. Formerly with the group Duncan Dhu, he started his solo career in 1992
1968 - Vicenta N'Dongo, Catalan actress
1975 - Álvaro Antonio García Morte, known professionally as Álvaro Morte, is a Spanish actor. He gained worldwide recognition playing the role of Sergio "El Profesor" Marquina in the Spanish heist series Money Heist (La Casa De Papel), originally aired on Antena 3 and broadcast on Netflix.

1526 - Diego Colón, aristocrat (b. 1476).
1546 - Francisco de Borbón, aristocrat (b. 1519).
1795 - Carlos José Gutiérrez de los Ríos, musician and politician (b. 1742).
1935 - Dionisio Pérez Gutiérrez, writer and chef (b. 1872).
1958 - Carlos Sáenz de Tejada, painter (b. 1897).
1966 - Melchor Fernández Almagro, historian (b. 1893).
1995 - Ángel de Echenique, journalist (b. 1916).
2003 - Manuel Alonso Olea, lawyer (b. 1924).
2004 - Antonio Garrigues Díaz-Cañabate, lawyer, diplomat and politician (b. 1904).
2006 - Telmo Zarraonaindía, Zarra, footballer (b. 1921).
2022 - Juan Pablo Colmenarejo, radio journalist (Cadena COPE) (b. 1966)