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February 5

Saint’s Day for Águeda, Avito and Albuino.

1323 - The Hospital of inherited gives the village Vega de Doña Olimpa the leasehold Charter.
1518 - The sailor Sebastián Gaboto is appointed greater pilot of House of Hiring of Seville, after having served the British Crown.

José Lipperheide - photo www.geni.com

1556 - King Carlos I of Spain signed with the French king Enrique II Truce of Vaucelles.
1576 - Enrique if Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours and rejoins the Protestant forces in the French Wars of Religion 
1597 - 26 Christian martyrs are crucified in Nagasaki, Japan, including six European Franciscan missionaries led by the Spanish saint, San Pedro Bautista.
1782 - In the Mediterranean Sea Franco-Spanish forces defeat the British and take Menorca.
1810 - After seizing Jaen, Cordoba, Seville and Granada, the Napoleonic troops enter Malaga the control of general Sebastiani.
1877 - Madrid, with the laying of the foundation stone of the Model Prison is initiated penal reform in that country.
1888 - Zalamea la Real (Huelva) a clash between demonstrators anarchists and Civil Guard with the balance of more than twenty deaths occurs.
1902 - Troops are used to collect contributions.
1903 - Twelve thousand Barcelonan sign a petitioner, directed to the mayor of your city, to undertake a campaign against blasphemy.
1907 - Madrid temperatures of -13 ° C are recorded during the cold snap.
1912 - The battleship Spain is thrown, first warships built after the destruction of the Spanish navy in the wars in Cuba and the Philippines.
1919 - Barcelona The Canadian strike begins.
1929 - An Iberian necropolis is discovered in Montjuic Barcelona
1936 - A company is to exploit oil shale in the Serrania de Ronda (Málaga).
1939 – Generalísimo Francisco Franco becomes the 68th "Caudillo de España", or Leader of Spain.
1947 - at the Teatro de Barcelona Poliorama act Lola Flores and Manolo Caracol.
1948 - Franco-Spanish border is reopened.
1963 - a temperature of -14.8oC is recorded at Barajas Airport in Madrid.
1969 - in the cave of Altamira (Spain) a new protective system is applied to the prehistoric paintings, which were degraded because of the artificial light.
1971 - Guipúzcoa (Spain) the state of emergency is lifted.
1972 - In Vitoria, 3500 striking workers led to the closure of the factory of Michelin tyres.
1972 - Daily Madrid announces the sale of its assets.
1982 - ETA frees the Basque businessman José Lipperheide after 30 days in captivity. He paid a ransom of 20 million pesetas.
1984 - In Spain, the Duke Alfonso de Borbon y Dampierre suffering a serious car accident in which his eldest son, Francisco perished.
1985 - Cádiz , the civil governor of Gibraltar opens the gate for the transit of persons, vehicles and goods under the agreement signed by Spain and the United Kingdom in November 1984.
1990 - in Galicia, Manuel Fraga Iribarne sworn in as new president of the Xunta de Galicia.
2001 - the electricity companies Endesa and Iberdrola announce the rupture of the merger process, initiated in October 2000.
2002 - Judge Baltasar Garzón decrees the illegality of Segi and Askatasuna for being structures that are part of the terrorist organization ETA and perform "the same criminal activity that its predecessors Jarrai and Managers Pro Amnesty."
2004 - On the coast of Tenerife (Canary Islands) a boat arrives with 227 sub-Saharan immigrants on board.

1589 - Esteban Manuel de Villegas, poet and educator (d. 1669)
1662 - Giuseppe Vignola, Italian composer, born in Napoli Habsburg Spain (now Italy) (d 1712)
1708 - Manuel de Roda y Arrieta,  was Ambassador in Rome under King Ferdinand VI of Spain and then nominated by King Charles III of Spain, half-brother of Ferdinand VI and formerly King of Naples and Sicily till the death of his half-brother Ferdinand, Ministry of "Grace and Justice", which he held for 17 years. (d 1782)
1837 - Francisco de Paula Loño and Perez, soldier and politician (d.1907)
1875 - Ricardo Viñes y Roda, pianist. He gave the premieres of works by Ravel, Debussy, Satie, Falla and Albéniz. (d. 1943)
1897 - Pedro Flores Garcia was a painter of the Region of Murcia (d. 1967)
1906 - Mariano Cañardo, cyclist (d. 1987).
1931 - Vicente Parra, actor (d. 1997).
1938 - Ramón Sánchez Gómez, better known by his stage name Ramón de Algeciras, was a Spanish flamenco guitarist, composer and lyricist. He was the most prolific collaborator of Paco de Lucía, his younger brother, recording with him on most of his albums from the 1960s to 1980s and performing with him throughout much of his life as a rhythm guitarist, including the Paco de Lucía Sextet, formed in 1981, which also included his other brother Pepe de Lucía. (d. 2009)
1939 - Miguel Boyer Salvador, politician and economist.
Carlos Soria Fontán - Photo https://culturaenlatierra.com/
1939 - Carlos Soria Fontán (born in Ávila) is a Spanish mountain climber who, at 80 years of age, has taken up the challenge of becoming the oldest person in the world to reach the summits of the 14 highest mountains in the world. 
1949 - Nieves López Martínez (born in Burgos) was a Spanish paleontologist specializing in research on the vertebrate fossil record and part of a group of paleontologists who were responsible for the modernization of paleontological studies in Spain. López Martínez studied at Complutense University of Madrid, graduating in Biological Sciences in 1970. (d. 2010)
1952 - Juan Manuel Sánchez Gordillo (born in Marinaleda) He helped to transform Marinaleda from a town blighted by rural poverty into what Sánchez Gordillo himself and The Guardian have described as a "communist utopia", where since the early 1990s there has been no need for mortgages—the town has "virtually full employment, communally owned land and wage equality".
1955 - Antonio Herrero, journalist (d. 1998).
1959 - Francisco, singer.
1966 - José María Olazábal, golfer. (US Masters 1994, 99) born in Hondarribia
1978 - Samuel Sánchez, ciclist
1982 - Laura del Rio, footballer
1984 - Jacinto Morano González is a labour lawyer and politician. He has served as member of the 10th Assembly of Madrid in the Podemos Parliamentary Group, as well as Senator.

1146 - Zafadola, Arab emir of Zaragoza was the last ruler if the Hudid dynasty, He ruled the rump of the taifa kingdom of Zaragoza from his castle at Rueda de Jalón in what is now Spain (b. unknown)
1590 - Bernardino de Sahagun, Spanish Franciscan friar (b. 1499).
1858 - Álvaro Dávila, aristócrat (b. 1808).
1882 - Adolfo Rivadeneyra, Spanish orientalist and diplomat (b. 1841)
1990 - Carmen Kurtz, writer (b. 1911).
1991 - Pedro Arrupe, jesuit (b. 1907).
1996 - Antonio, dancer and choreographer (b. 1921).
1999 - Carmen Kurtz, writer (b. 1911).
2003 - Galmés Álvaro Fuentes, philologist, dialectology and Spanish Arabist (b. 1924).
2005 - María Fernández Granados, flamenco singer (b. 1922).
2013 - Joan Dalmau. actor (b. 1926).
2022 - Fernando Marías, writer (b. 1956)