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Feburary 22

Saint’s Day for Abilio and Pascasio

1316 - Battle of Picotin between Ferdinand of Majorca and the forces of Matilda of Hainaut
1530 - Carlos I of Spain is crowned by the Pope as Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
1813 - Spanish Cortes abolished the Tribunal of the Holy Office in the American colonies.
1819 - By the Adams–Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars. and defining the boundary between the US and New Spain
1905 - Seville dawns covered with a rare blanket of snow, the result of the cold wave plaguing the Iberian Peninsula.
1911 - On the street Carretas (in Madrid) a big scandal is generated by two women walking wearing trousers

Joaquín Cortés - Photo www.cooldeals.es

1928 - in Barcelona the film Don Quixote of La Mancha, directed by Lau Lauritzen opens.
1929 - important victory over Spanish boxer Paulino Uzcudun Cayo O. Christner in New York.
1936 - Serious flooding in Sevilla.
1938 - Germany and Italy accepted the British proposal on the withdrawal of volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. On the other hand, nationalist forces Varela Yagüe and take the city of Teruel, after two days of fighting, and take 14,500 Republicans as prisoners.
1939 - Netherlands recognises Franco regime in Spain
1951 - Camilo Jose Cela published the novel The hive.
1954 - The film premiers There is a road to the right, directed by Francisco Rovira Beleta and starring Francisco Rabal and Julia Martinez.
1967 - Navarre in Basque schools teaching is authorised.
1969 - 25000 Asturian miners on strike.
1969 - The thirtieth anniversary of the death of Antonio Machado gather in the cemetery of Collioure many poets and writers in exile.
1977 - The Registry of Political Associations refuses registration of the Communist Party of Spain.
1983 - Jose Maria Ruiz-Mateos stated in a press prey 'Rumasa does not need state money to survive'.
1995 - A majority vote in the Senate approves Statutes of Autonomy for Ceuta and Melilla, completing the new map of the ‘Estado de Autonomías’ in the Transition to Democracy.
2000 - the Socialist spokesman in the Basque parliament, Fernando Buesa, and his bodyguard, Jorge Díez, are murdered by an ETA car bomb in Vitoria.
2000 - in Barcelona and Tarragona, the Spanish police arrested seven people for their alleged connection with the illegal activities of the Universal and Human Energy Association, one of the "forbidden and dangerous sects in the European Union".
2001 - San Sebastian, Jose Angel Santos and Josu Leonet, employees of the company Elektra, die in a car bomb attack perpetrated by ETA.
2003 - Seville (Spain) The Spanish athlete Alberto Garcia breaks the record of Europe of the 3,000 meters at indoor (7 m, 32.98 s).
2006 - in Bilbao, ETA explodes a bomb in a company without causing victim, but property damage.
2009 - Penélope Cruz wins the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the film Vicky Cristina Barcelona, the first Spanish actress to win an Academy Award.
2018 - Neanderthals, not humans, were the first artists on Earth, producing rec cave paintings 65,000 years ago in Spain, according to research published in journal Science 
2018 - The Castellón region of Valencia wants parents to name their children in the local language and not use the common Spanish names. – letters have been sent saying it is vital to speak Valencian with our children, even if your partner speaks another language.
2018 - The North Korean Embassy in Madrid incident  The political group Free Joseon, which is opposed to the incumbent Kim Jong Un regime of North Korea, is alleged to have attacked and raided the embassy, while the group maintains that they were invited in to facilitate a high-level defection. A group of individuals stole mobile telephones, two pen drives and a hard drive from the embassy and handed them to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the United States. The event took place after the Singapore summit between North Korea (DPRK) and the United States and prior to the approach of the Hanoi summit. As of early April 2019, one person had been arrested in connection with the incident and two international arrest warrants had been issued by the Spanish Audiencia Nacional. The suspected perpetrators are citizens of Mexico, the US and South Korea, although the latter two governments denied any connection with the incident
2024 - Former Brazilian right-back Dani Alves was sentenced to four and a half years in prison for the rape in 2022 of a young woman in a Barcelona nightclub, the Catalan city's court announced. The events took place on the night of December 30 to 31, 2022, in the toilets of a VIP room at the Sutton nightclub in Barcelona.
2024 - Ten dead and many injured from a fire in a 14-story tower block which started at 5,30pm trapping some of the 350 residents in the complex as it continued to rage overnight

1741 - José Esteve Bonet, sculptor (d. 1802).
1808 - Joaquín Francisco Pacheco y Gutiérrez-Calderón (born in Écija) was a Spanish politician and writer who served as Prime Minister of Spain in 1847 and held other important offices such as Minister of State. (d. 1865)
1864 - Magdalena Cruells y Comas, nun (d. 1943).
1870 - Alejandro Pérez Lugín, novelist (d. 1926).
1890 - Leonor Serrano Pablo, jurist and Spanish writer (d.1942). 1892 - Jose Fernandez Nonidez, genetic scientist (d. 1947).
Luis Buñuel - http://www.elem.mx/

1900 - Luis Buñuel Portolés was a Spanish-born Mexican filmmaker who worked in France, Mexico and Spain.When Buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in The New York Times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later" His first picture, Un Chien Andalou—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic Roger Ebert, and his last film, That Obscure Object of Desire—made 48 years later—won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive".Often associated with the surrealist movement of the 1920s, Buñuel created films from the 1920s through the 1970s.  His work spans two continents, three languages, and an array of genres, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western. Despite this variety, filmmaker John Huston believed that, regardless of genre, a Buñuel film is so distinctive as to be instantly recognizable, or, as Ingmar Bergman put it, "Buñuel nearly always made Buñuel films".Seven of Buñuel's films are included in Sight & Sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time. Fifteen of his films are included in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? list of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, for which he ranks second only to Jean-Luc Godard, with sixteen, and he ranks number 13 on their list of the top 250 directors(d.1983)
1903 - César González Ruano, writer and journalist (d. 1965).
1910 - Baltasar Lobo, was a Spanish artist, anarchist and sculptor best known for his compositions depicting mother and child.(d. 1993).
1922 - Jesus Fueyo Alvarez, writer and essayist (d. 1993).
1923 - Jaime Escudero Etxebarria, soccer player.
1926 - Miguel León-Portilla, historian and archeologist.
1946 - Cristina Alberdi, lawyer and politician .
1948 - Joaquín Luqui, radio presenter (d. 2005).
1958 - Jesús Álvarez Cervantes, journalist.
1963 - Pedro Jaro, footballer.
1967 - Jorge Bosch, actor.
1969 - The world-famous flamenco dancer, Joaquín Cortés, who was born in Córdoba.
1975 - Fele Martínez, actor.

970 - García Sánchez I, King of Pamplona between 925 and 970 (b. 919).
1845 - Enrique Gil y Carrasco, romantic writer (b. 1815).
1938 - Miguel Llobet, composer (b. 1878).
1939 - Antonio Machado, Spanish-French poet and author (b. 1875)
1963 - Manuel Moreno Barranco, writer (b. 1932).
1985 - Salvador Espriu, author, poet, and playwright (b. 1913)
1988 - Carlos Lemos, actor (b. 1909).
1998 - José María de Areilza, polítician (b. 1909).
2000 - Fernando Buesa, polítician (b. 1946).
2011 - Joan Colomines, writer and politician (b. 1922).
2018 - Forges, cartoonist (b. 1942)
2022 - José Martí Gómez, journalist (Diario de Barcelona, El País, La Vanguardia) (b. 1938)