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January 10

Saint’s Day for Gonzalo de Amarante, Agatón and Juan Bueno.

1514 - The Complutense Bible is published, the first multilingual edition.
1544 - Viceroy Blasco Núñez de Vela, sent by Carlos I, arrives in Panama to cut off the abuses committed by some conquerors.
1601 - The Court of Felipe III moved from Madrid to Valladolid, according to an official order from the previous day.
1877 - Conscription (four years of active duty and four in the reserve) is established in Spain.
1973 - The Spanish filmmaker Luis Buñuel, Hollywood awarded the Oscar for best foreign film for "The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie".

                                      Juan Pedro Guzmán - Photo www.lavozdigital.es
1986 - The Basque businessman, Juan Pedro Guzmán, is rescued by the National Police Special Operations Unit (GEO) 10 days after he was kidnapped by ETA terrorists.
1995 - Dr Henry A Kissinger announces the winners of UNESCO’s Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize: King Juan Carlos I of Spain, and the US President, Jimmy Carter.
2011 - In Zurich (Switzerland), Lionel Messi wins his first Golden Ball, over Andrés Iniesta and Xavi Hernández.
2016 - ‘Artur Mas has gone to revive the secession’. The mayor of Girona, Carles Puigdemont, will be elected today as the new ‘president’. Mas said he is not leaving politics. The Government has insisted the law my by complied with.
2017 -  nine members of the Pujol clan and headlines ‘the impunity of the Pujol clan’ – the prosecutor took 17 months to ask for cautionary measures – the first born of the family sent 500,000 € to France via a false credit in 2014, after sending 4.5 million € to Mexico

1480 - Margaret of Austria, governor of the Spanish Netherlands (d. 1530)
1748 - Antonio Carnicero,  painter of the Neoclassical style.In addition to his paintings, over the course of his career he also produced prints and engravings as well as creating theatrical decorations. (d. 1814).
1779 - María Amalia Christina Franziska Xaveria Flora Walburga of Saxony was  Queen of Spain from 10 August 1759 until her death in 1760 as the wife of King Carlos III. Previously, she had been Queen of Naples and Sicily since marrying Carlos on 19 June 1738 (d. 1760)

1854 - Concepción de Estevarena, poet.
1859 - Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, Spanish philosopher and academic (d. 1909)
1880 - Manuel Azaña, President of the Spanish government (1931-33) and then President of the Second Spanish Republic (1936-39), was born in Alcalá de Henares. He died in exile in France in 1940.
1886 - José Antonio de Donostia, Basque musicologist and composer, born in Donastia/San Sebastián (d. 1956)
1889 - Nazaria Ignacia March Mesa. in religious Nazaria of Saint Teresa of Jesus – was a Spanish Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Missionaries of the Crusade. She served brief stints in Spain to spread the religious order she founded after she left her own order and relocated to Argentina where she later died.Her beatification cause commenced under Pope Paul VI on 6 September 1966 and she was titled as a Servant of God while Pope John Paul II later confirmed her heroic virtue and named her to be Venerable on 1 September 1988; he later beatified her on 27 September 1992 in Saint Peter's Square. Pope Francis confirmed a miracle attributed to her in 2018 and she was canonized on 14 October 2018. (d. 06-Jul-1943)
1889 - Rafael Bardem, film actor whose career stretched from the 1940s through the 1960s. Born in Barcelona, he was the grandfather of Javier Bardem and father of Juan Antonio Bardem and actress Pilar Bardem. His wife was actress Matilde Muñoz Sampedro. Rafael Bardem died in Madrid in 1972, aged 83.
1904 - Jesús García Leoz, composer, born in Olite (d. 1953)
1913 - José Manuel Blecua, philologist. (d. 2003)
1924 - Eduardo Chillida, Basque sculptor notable for his monumental abstract works. (d. 2002)
1924 - Eduard Admetlla i Lázaro, scuba diving pioneer, underwater cameraman and photographer, designer of underwater camera housings, designer of a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba), tester of scuba diving gear for the Nemrod trade mark, writer, director of TV series, explorer and broadcaster. (d.08-Oct-2019) 
1926 - Jesús Loroño, cyclist (d. 1998).
1928 - Gonzalo Sobejano, professor and poet.
1928 - Manuel Alcántara, writer.
1931 - Gonzalo Payo Subiza, politician, geographer, mathematician and surveyor. (d. 2002)
1948 - Guillermo Montesinos, actor
1952 - Daniel Solsona, footballer.
1956 - Antonio Muñoz Molina, writer.(Royal Spanish Academy) born in Úbeda, Jaén
1971 - Sergi Bruguera Italian tennis star, born in Barcelona
1973 - Iker Jiménez, journalist.
1975 - Mònica López, meteorologist and television presenter. She is a weather forecaster on Televisión Española's Telediario 2 and director of the meteorology area of RTVE
1975 - Raúl Fernández de Pablo, actor.
1976 - David Muñoz Calvo, one of the two brothers who make up the top selling Spanish rock band Estopa, was born in Cornella de Llobregat, Barcelona.
1980 - Bernat Martínez, motorcycle racer (d. 2015)
1985 - Martiño Rivas, actor.
1991 - Gonzalo Pérez de Vargas, handball player for FC Barcelona Lassa and the Spanish national team. He participated at the 2019 World Men's Handball Championship.

1706 - Luisa Roldán, sculptor (b. 1652)
1918 - María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña, was a Spanish Roman Catholic nun and the founder of the Sisters of the Catechetical Institute. Her religious activism came about from her earliest experiences in Almería where she tended to the poor including a leper though she later moved to Madrid and Puerto Rico where she continued her care for the poor and the sick. Her return to her native land saw her continue her work and her commitment to establishing religious and secular movements for others all directed towards active participation and care for poor people. The beatification process commenced on 19 June 1980 and she became titled as a Servant of God while later being named as Venerable in 1992 after her life of heroic virtue was confirmed; Pope John Paul II later beatified her in Saint Peter's Square on 23 March 2003.  (b, Dec 10 1849)
1973 - Claudio de la Torre, novelist, poet, playwright and film director (b. 1895)
1983 - Alexandre Cirici, writer (b. 1914)
1995 - Gaby, clown (b. 1920)
1996 - Juan González Moreno, sculptor. (b. 1908)
2003 - Ramón Sabatés i Massanell, cartoonist. (b. 1915)
2011 - Juanito Navarro, actor (b. 1924).

2022 - Miguel Muñiz, economist president of Official Credit Institute (1986-1996) and director of Teatro Real (2004-2012) (b. 1940)