Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

January 15

Saint’s Day for Mauro, Pablo, Macario and Miqueas.
1526 - A maritime expedition led by Diego García de Moguer left from La Coruna, and who is attributed the discovery of the River Plate
Luis I by Jean Ranc (1724) Prado Museum Madrid - wikipedia.org
1724 - Luis I, the eldest son of Felipe V, is proclaimed King following his father’s abdication in his favour. He died of smallpox seven months later and Felipe V returned to the throne.
1798 - Goya began painting the frescoes of the Madrid church of San Antonio de la Florida.
1810 - In Andalucía, Jose Bonaparte, leading an army of 80,000 men, comes to Sierra Morena to start the occupation of the region.
1834 - Francisco Martínez de la Rosa was appointed Minister of State and President of the Council of Ministers.
1880 - Málaga Conservatory of Music opens.
1936 - The Frente Popular coalition is officially formed with an electoral pact signed for the February election that year, which the left-wing coalition went on to win.
1937 - Spanish Civil War: Nationalists and Republican both withdraw after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.
1938 - Barcelona is bombed (Spanish Civil War).
1939 - Tarragona falls to nationalist forces in the Spanish Civil War.
1941 - Alfonso XIII, in exile in Rome, abdicates his right to the Spanish throne in favour of his son, Juan de Borbón. The Count of Barcelona would never be King, and the throne passed onto his son, Juan Carlos I, who was named King of Spain following the death of Franco in 1975. Juan de Borbón formally renounced his claim in 1977
1999 - Two leading Spanish banks, Banco Santander and Banco Central Hispano, starring the first merger in the era of the euro.

1548 - Francisco Suárez,  was a Spanish Jesuit priest, philosopher and theologian, one of the leading figures of the School of Salamanca movement, and generally regarded among the greatest scholastics after Thomas Aquinas. His work is considered a turning point in the history of second scholasticism, marking the transition from its Renaissance to its Baroque phases. According to Christopher Shields and Daniel Schwartz, "figures as distinct from one another in place, time, and philosophical orientation as Leibniz, Grotius, Pufendorf, Schopenhauer, and Heidegger, all found reason to cite him as a source of inspiration and influence."

1874 - Fructuós Gelabert, was a Catalan inventor, and screenwriter. He was also a film director, directing over 100 films (d. 1955).
1882 - Daniel Vázquez Díaz, painter (d. 1969).
1896 - Víctor de la Serna Espina, journalist (d. 1958).
1914 - Alberto Ullastres, politician (d. 2001).
1932 - Enrique Raxachm Dutch composer, born in Barcelona
in 1998
By John Mathew Smith; www.celebrity-photos.com from Laurel Maryland, USA - Cochita, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=80025105
1936 - Concepción Picciotto, American peace activist on the 1600 block of Pennsylvania Avenue, in a peace camp across from the White House, from 1 August 1981 in protest of nuclear arms until her death.Picciotto carried on the longest continuous act of political protest in the United States, with her camp having been nicknamed by her supporters as "1601 Pennsylvania Avenue".Eleanor Holmes Norton, Washington D.C.'s delegate to the House of Representatives, noted that many of Picciotto's goals were accomplished during her protest including a reduction in atomic proliferation. born in Vigo (d. 2016)
1940 - Luis Racionero, writer.
1944 - Francisco Anguita, geologist and volcanologist.
1945 - María Antonia Iglesias, journalist. writer and journalist. Iglesias was born in Madrid. Her father was the famous pianist and musicologist Antonio Iglesias Álvarez, and she worked on publications such as Informaciones, Triunfo,Tiempo, Interviú, or El País'. Iglesias said in many media that although she was Catholic she did not agree with many attitudes of the current Roman Catholic Church. (d. 29-Jul-2014)
1946 - Emilio Lopez Adan is a doctor and Basque writer. He has published numerous works on Basque nationalism and the history of the Basque Country.
1949 - Manolo el del bombo, better known as Manolo, el del bombo (English: Manolo the Bass Drummer) is one of the most famous football fans in the world.
1951 - Charo, (Maria Baeza) Spanish-American  actress, comedienne (Chico and the Man - The Love Boat) and flamenco guitarist, born in Murcia
1955 - Alberto Fernández Blanco, cyclist (d. 1984).
1955 - José Montilla, Socialist President of the Generalitat de Cataluña since November 2006. He served as Minister of Industry, Tourism and Trade in the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero from 18 April 2004 until 9 September 2006. He was born in Córdoba.
1956 - Fernando Gómez-Bezares born in Logroño, La Rioja, is an economist, professor in several universities, and author of books in his field. In the 1980s he developed a method of selection of risky investments called Penalized present value (PPV).
1958 - Jaume Casals, He received his Doctorate in Philosophy summa cum laude from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB, 1984). A senior fellow of the Institut d'Estudis Catalans before becoming Rector of UPF in June 2013, Casals was the Academic Board Chairman and Executive Vice-President of the UPF's Continuing Education Institute (IDEC) as well as UPF Vice-Rector for Postgraduate and Doctoral Studies (2001-2005) and for Teaching Staff (2005-2009).
1959 - Jordi Bertomeu, professional basketball administrator. He is the President, Chairman, and CEO of the Euroleague Basketball Company, which oversees the first-tier EuroLeague and second-tier EuroCup professional club continental-wide basketball leagues in Europe.
1963 - Pedro Ugarte. He was born in Bilbao and studied law at the Universidad de Deusto.He now teaches at the Universidad del País Vasco. He has also worked with Radio Euskadi and contributed columns to the Basque edition of El País.  He has written many works of fiction, spanning novels and short stories.
1965 - María San Gil, politician. Born in San Sebastián, San Gil graduated with a degree in Trilingual Biblical Philology from the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca. On January 23, 1995 she witnessed the assassination of her colleague Gregorio Ordóñez by the Basque separatist group ETA, and thereafter decided that she would spend her political career fighting terrorism.Rising steadily in prominence, in 2003 she became the leader of the Partido Popular's regional representation in the Basque Country.
1966 - Carlos Rodríguez  is a Spanish film director, producer, screenwriter and editor.
1968 - Iñaki Urdangarin,  former Duke of Palma, centre of the Nóos corruption case and former handball player. born in Basque Country
1978 - Niña Pastori, flamenco singer (cantaora) She was born in San Fernando (Cádiz) 
1985 - Barbara González Oteiza is a model, and was a Spanish group rhythmic gymnast. She participated at the 2004 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.
1988 - Ana María Polvorosa, actress.
1991 - Marc Bartra, footballer
1994 - Gisela Pulido, surfer.

1519 - Vasco Núñez de Balboa, explorer (b. 1475).
1597 - Juan de Herrera, architect, author of the planes of the Escorial Monastery (b. 1530).
1781 - Mariana Victoria of Spain (b. 1718)
1835 - Teresa Cabarrús, revolutionary (b. 1773).
1911 - Carolina Coronado, poet (b. 1821).
1993 - Pedro Masaveu Peterson, entrepreneur and financier (b. 1939)
1994 - Federica Montseny, anarchist leader and Minister of the Second Spanish Republic (b. 1905).
2005 - The opera singer, Victoria de los Ángeles, died in Barcelona at the age of 81.
2010 - José Juste, soldier (b. 1918).
2012 - Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Spanish lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the Xunta of Galicia (b. 1922)
2016 - Manuel Velázquez, Spanish footballer (b. 1943)
2022 - Félix Ormazabal, politician, member of the Basque parliament (1980, 1984 - 1995) (b. 1939)