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January 18

Saint’s Day for Prisca, Beatriz, Margarita, and Antonio.

1174 - Alfonso II of Aragon and Castile Sancha marry
1535 - the Spanish explorer and conquistador, Francisco Pizarro, founds the city of Lima, which he named Ciudad de los Reyes.
1610 - The Moors were expelled from Murcia.
1762 - Carlos III promulgates a pragmatic to set the exequatur regium, which implies total control of the papal documents.
1764 - In Barcelona the Physical-Mathematical Experimental Conference is created, based on the Academy of Sciences and Arts of the city.
1785 - In Malaga created by a royal decree is the "consulate Málaga 'court for traders and commercial matters.
1884 - The fourth cabinet of Antonio Cánovas del Castillo since the Restoration.
1924 - The government pardoned the murderers of Eduardo Dato, the Spanish Prime Minister.
1938 - New one peseta notes are brought into circulation by the Spanish Republic.
1941 - The new Maritime Museum is opened in Barcelona.
1971 - The serial killer Manuel Delgado Villegas is arrested in El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz province. He claimed 48 murders between 1964 and 1971. Police were only able to investigate 22 and could only prove eight.
1994 - The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, A Coruña. Witnesses claim to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute
1998 - The Spanish water polo team gets the gold medal in the World Swimming Championships.

Manuel Delgado Villegas - photo www.wikipedia.org

1624 - Tirso González de Santalla, Jesuit theologian (d. 1705)
1786 - Juan de Dios Cañedo, Mexican Foreign Minister and member of the Cortes of Cadiz (d. 1850).
1831 - Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada He also served as a Union Army general in the American Civil War, most remembered for his dishonourable conduct in the Battle of the Crater (July 1864), reported drinking with another general behind the lines, while both their units were virtually destroyed.(d. 1899)
1893 - Jorge Guillén Álvarez, a member of the Generation of '27, as well as a university teacher, scholar and literary critic. In 1957-8 he delivered the Charles Eliot Norton lectures at Harvard University. These were published in 1961 under the title Language and Poetry: Some Poets of Spain. The final lecture was a tribute to his colleagues in the Generation of '27. In 1983, he was named Hijo Predilecto de Andalucía. (d. 06-Feb-1984) 
1898 - Carles Buïgas i Sans.  was a Catalan architect, engineer, inventor and author. (d. 27-Aug-1979)
1912 - Antonio Rumeu de Armas, historian (d. 2006).
1915 - The man who would be leader of the Communist Party (PCE) for more than two decades, Santiago Carrillo, was born in Gijón. His role in the Paracuellos massacres during the Civil War was particularly controversial. He would later be exiled during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, becoming a leader of the democratic opposition to the regime. His role as leader of the PCE would later make him a key figure in the transition to democracy. He later embraced Eurocommunism and democratic socialism, and was a member of the Congress of Deputies from 1977 to 1986. (d. 18-Sep-2012)
1921 - Antonio Téllez, historian, journalist and anarchist (d. 2005).
1927 - José Delicado Baeza, Roman Catholic archbishop. Ordained to the priesthood in 1951, Baeza was appointed bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tui-Vigo, Spain in 1969 and then archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Valladolid in 1975 and retired in 2002. (d.17-Mar-2014) 
1929 - Joaquín Aguirre Bellver, writer and journalist (d. 2005).
1934 - José Manuel Romay Beccaría, politician.
1941 - Jose Ignacio Lopez de Arriortúa, automotive engineer.
1945 - José Luis Perales, singer-songwriter and guitarist. He has performed some of his extensive work at Carnegie Hall, New York.
1946 - Félix Ynduráin Muñoz, condensed matter physicist and Professor at the Autonomous University of Madrid. He has more than 120 research papers published.
1954 - Antoni Olmo, footballer.
Fernando Trueba - Photo https://www.nebrija.com/
1955 - Fernando Trueba, is a book editor, screenwriter, film director and producer. Between 1974 and 1979, he worked as a film critic for Spain's leading daily newspaper El País. He is the author of Diccionario (Planeta 1997, Plot 2004, Galaxia Guttenberg 2006) and the editor of Diccionario del Jazz Latino (SGAE, 1998). Among other awards, he has won the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film with Belle Époque in 1994, the Goya Award as Best Director three times and a Silver Bear for Year of Enlightment at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival.
1968 - Antonio de la Torre, actor. He has appeared in more than eighty films since 1993.
1969 - Javier Benítez Láinez, poet.
1969 - Oscar Quijano, musician, band Café Quijano.
1971 - Pep Guardiola, footballer midfielder & manager (Spain 47 caps, manager Barcelona, Bayern Munich, Manchester City) born in Santpedor
1973 - Juan González Gómez "Obijuan" is a doctor in computer science and telecommunications publicly recognized for having become the first Spanish winner of the O'Reilly Open Source Award, which are awarded to those who "stand out for their dedication, innovation, leadership and extraordinary contribution to free software". Juan is one of the pioneers of educational robotics open in Spain and creator of the concept of the "Humanity's Technological Heritage" ("Patrimonio Tecnológico de la Humanidad" in spanish). He pioneered the diffusion of free 3D printing and is credited with being the founder of the Clone-Wars community, which currently brings together more than 4,000 Spanish-speaking members, and that is inspired in the RepRap community created by Adrian Bowyer in 2004
1976 - María del Mar Rodríguez Carnero, better known by her stage name La Mari, born in Málaga and is the lead vocalist of Chambao. One of three original members of the group that formed in 2001, she sang alongside cousins Eduardo Casañ and Daniel Casañ, until Chambao disbanded in 2005. La Mari remained, continuing to front the band and release albums under the name Chambao.
1980 - Antonio Jesús Vázquez Muñoz, footballer.
1982 - Ariadne Artiles, model.
1989 - Rubén Miño, footballer
1990 - José Ignacio Fernández Iglesias, known as Nacho, is a professional footballer who plays as a defender for Real Madrid and the Spain national team. He has spent his entire career with Real Madrid after making his debut with the first team in 2011, going on to win several trophies including four Champions Leagues. Nacho won his first senior cap for his country in 2013, and was part of the squad at the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
1998 - Aitana Bonmatí, footballer.

1747 - Antonio de Literes, composer (b 1673.).
1890 -  Amadeus/Amadeo I, King of Spain for just two years until his abdication in February 1873 marked the proclamation of the First Spanish Republic, died in Turin aged 44
1978 - Nicanor Piñole, painter (b. 1878).
1980 - Luis Cuadrado, director of photography and camera operator (b. 1934).
1997 - Three members of Médicos del Mundo – Luis Valtueña, Flors Sierra and Manuel Madrazo – are murdered in Rwanda.
2007 - Juan Vilá Reyes, businessman (b. 1925).
2022 - Francisco Gento, football winger (Spain 43 caps, Real Madrid 427 games) and manager (Granada CF) (b. 1933)
2022 - Lorenzo Alocén Olympic basketball player (1968) (b. 1946)
2022 - Eloy Tato Losada, Spanish-born Colombian Roman Catholic prelate, bishop of Magangué (1969-1994) (b. 1920)