Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

January 21

Saint’s Day for Inés, Epifanio and Patricio.

1287 - the Castillo de Santa Àgueda, the last Moorish stronghold on the island of Menorca, falls to Christian forces.
1812 - Cortes of Cadiz created the State Council.
1900 - Mercantile Circle in Gijón Leopoldo Alas Clarín gave a lecture entitled "Economic Materialism in Spain".
1917 - The Minister denies that the Spanish Navy Submarine Isaac Peral is in Danish waters.

Lola Flores - Photo www.jerez-es-mas.masjerez.com

1922 - The Spanish government negotiates with Abd el-Krim the rescue of prisoners
1930 - The resignation of José Calvo Sotelo as Minister for Tax opens up a crisis in the government of General Miguel Primo de Rivera (who led a military then a civil dictatorship from 1923-1930), leading to the General’s resignation just a few days later.
1938 - Franco's troops reach the Alfambra River.
1939 - The general Vicente Rojo Lluch, chief of staff of the Republican army, Negrin announced that there is no front.
1977 - a Royal Decree is issued to reinstate the title of Príncipe de Asturias to the heir to the Spanish crown.
1986 - King Juan Carlos I is awarded an honorary doctorate in civil law from the University of Oxford.
1988 - Banco de Bilbao and Banco de Vizcaya are fused, creating the BBV entity.
2000 - Madrid, ETA kills the lieutenant colonel Pedro Antonio Blanco after the breakdown of the truce.
2003 - Spanish archaeologists discovered an ancient necropolis in Luxor top of a sarcophagus of the Saite dynasty, showing carved the face of the dead girl.
2008 - In the Spanish market as the Ibex 35 index fall occurs, since its creation in 1992, losing 7.54% dropping to 12,625 points.

1714 - Anna Morandi Manzolini, anatomist (d. 1774)
1717 - Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursùla, military officer and governor of Cuba (d. 1779)
1761 - Diego Muñoz-Torrero, priest and politician (d. 1829).
1775 - Manuel García, opera singer and composer, born in Sevilla (d. 1832)
1876 - Antonio Goicoechea and Cosculluela, politician was an Alfonsine monarchist in Spain during the period of the Second Spanish Republic and the Spanish Civil War.  (d. 1953).
1879 - Eduardo Marquina, dramatic poet  playwright and poet associated with the Catalan Modernist school. His En Flandes se ha puesto el Sol (The Sun Has Set in Flanders) was awarded the Royal Spanish Academy's award for historical drama. (d. 1946).
Cristóbal Balenciaga - Photo https://basquemagazine.com/
1895 - Cristóbal Balenciaga, fashion designer, 'The Master' founded Balenciaga, born in Getaría He had a reputation as a couturier of uncompromising standards and was referred to as "the master of us all" by Christian Dior and as "the only couturier in the truest sense of the word" by Coco Chanel, who continued, "The others are simply fashion designers". On the day of his death, in 1972, Women's Wear Daily ran the headline "The king is dead" (no one in the fashion world had any doubt as to whom it referred). Since 2011 the purpose built Museo Balenciaga has exhibited examples of his work in his birth town Getaria.
1900 - Fernando Quiroga Palacios, Cardinal (d. 1971)
1901 - Ricardo Zamora, footballer and manager (d. 1978)
1914 - Rafael Santos Torroella, art critic, translator, poet and artist (d. 2002).
1918 - Marcelino Camacho, trade unionist.
He was a founding member of Comisiones Obreras (CCOO) and its first Secretary-General, holding this position between 1976 and 1987, and a communist deputy for Madrid Province between 1977 and 1981.
  (d. 2010).
1919 - Jinx Falkenburg (Eugenia), American actress and well-known US cover-girl model throughout 1930's-40s, born in Barcelona (d. 2003)
1923 - Pahiño, footballer. (d. 2012)
1923 - Lola Flores, the world famous flamenco dancer and singer, (Kuma Ching, Faraona) born in Jerez de la Frontera (d.1995)
1924 - Felisa Núñez Cubero, physicist. She was the first female professor at the Polytechnic University of Madrid. (d.10-Aug-2017)
1928 - Fernando Beorlegui, painter (d. 2008).
1930 - Mariví Bilbao, actress. (d. 2013)
1932 - Emilio Díaz Herrera, writer and poet.
1933 - Julieta Serrano, actress.
1934 - Antonio Karmany, cyclist 
1937 - Ernest Lluch Martín,  economist and politician, member of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC).
He was Minister of Health and Consumption from 1982–1986 in the first Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) government of Felipe González. He was assassinated in 2000 by the Basque terrorist organisation, ETA.
1938 - Rosa Fontana is a Spanish actress, who was born as Rosa Engracia Sevilla Plo in Zaragoza. She appeared in many Spanish films and TV series, and she also worked in theatre. 
1941 - Placido Domingo opera and Latin tenor, conductor and artistic director (Verdi's Otello), born in Madrid. He has recorded over a hundred complete operas and is well known for his versatility, regularly performing in Italian, French, German, Spanish, English and Russian in the most prestigious opera houses in the world. He has been involved in numerous humanitarian works, as well as efforts to help young opera singers, including starting and running the international singing competition, Operalia. 
1946 - Miguel Reina, footballer.
1950 - José Marín, race walker.
1950 - Angel Maria Villar, football player and sports official.
1954 - José Luis Medina del Corral, "Lucchino" fashion designer.
1957 - Juan Ignacio Zoido Álvarez  former judge and politician of the People's Party, who has been serving as Member of the European Parliament since 2019.In Parliament, he has since been serving on the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. Zoido was the Minister of the Interior between November 2016 and June 2018, when a vote of no-confidence against Mariano Rajoy ousted the government. 
1962 - Félix Lavilla, politician.
1964 - Miguel Angel Rodriguez Bajón, often going by the MAR acronym, is a politician, publicist, media consultant and journalist.
1970 - Txus di Fellatio, poet and musician Wizard of Oz.
1972 - Javier Yubero, footballer (d. 2005).
1974 - Andrés Gustavo Herzog Sánchez  lawyer and politician
1974 - Malena Alterio, actress
1975 - Ito, footballer and manager
1977 - Unai Vergara, footballer.
1979 - Melendi, singer songwriter from Asturias 
1980 - Xavier Pons, rally driver
1983 - Álvaro Quirós, golfer
1985 - Álex Pérez, footballer
1986 - César Arzo, footballer
1986 - Javi López, footballer
1988 - Daniel Morillo(born January 21, 1988 in Ibiza is an athlete, who competes in archery
1991 - Javier Calvo Guirao, actor, stage director, and film director. He is the best known for his role of Fernando "Fer" Redondo in the Antena 3 series Física o Química and for creating and directing the musical La llamada together with Javier Ambrossi, as well as co-directing its film adaptation.
1996 - Marco Asensio, footballer.

258 - Eulogio de Tarragona, hispanoamericano cleric.
1188 - Ferdinand II, King of Leon (1157-1188) (b. 1137).
1330 - Joan II, Countess of Burgundy, queen consort of Navarre and French (b. 1292)
1527 - Juan de Grijalva, soldier (b. 1490).
1527 - Juan de Grijalva, explorer (b. 1489).
1821 - José Marchena, writer and politician (b. 1768).
1883 - José de Salamanca, Marquess of Salamanca, banker, lawyer and Spanish politician (b 1811.)
1950 - Eduardo Callejo de la Cuesta, politician and lawyer (b. 1875).
1958 - Ataulfo Argenta, orchestra conductor (b. 1913).
1964 - Luis Martín-Santos, writer (n. 1924)
1973. Manuel Bastos Ansart, military doctor and prestigious Spanish surgeon (b 1887.).
1988 - Ramón Rey Ruse, chess player (b. 1903).
1989 - Thomas Asiain, composer (b 1923).
2000 - Lt Col Pedro Antonio Blanco García dies in an ETA car bomb attack in Madrid.
2002 - Adolfo Marsillach, actor and dramatist (b 1928).
2003 - Antonio Domínguez Ortiz, historian (b. 1909).
2004 - Luis Cuenca, actor (b. 1921).
2013 - Humberto Serrano, Argentine actor of origin (b 1942).