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January 24

Saint’s Day for Francisco de Sales, Nuestra Señora de la Paz.

1336 - Pedro IV was proclaimed king of Aragon after the death of his father Alfonso IV.
1643 - Felipe IV dismisses his favourite, Count-Duke of Olivares, sick and sunk by the dismal failure of his policy.
1651 - Arauco War, Spanish and Mapuche authorities meet in the Parliament of Boros renewing the fragile peace established at the parliaments of Quillín in 1641 and 1647
1806 - Madrid, Leandro Fernandez de Moratín premieres his The other girls.
1814 - San Salvador makes a second attempt of trying for independence from Spanish rule.

Sofia, Laura Bush, George W. Bush and Juan Carlos - https://es.m.wikipedia.org/

1928 - In the grounds of the Moncloa in Madrid, Queen Victoria Eugenia de Battenberg laid the foundation stone of an oncological hospital.
1931 - Spain lifts the state of war, except in Huesca and Madrid.
1976 - Spain and the United States sign a Treaty of friendship and cooperation in Madrid.
1977 - Madrid, GRAPO kidnaps the President of the Supreme Council of Military Justice, General Lieutenant Villaescusa Quilis.
1977 - Five people are killed when two right-wing extremist gunmen burst into the labour law offices of the Comisiones Obreras union on Calle Atocha in Madrid and open fire, in what is known as the Massacre of Atocha
2008 - on the Spanish stock IBEX-35 closed with the biggest increase in its history by gaining 6.95%.
2009 - The record of the largest wave recorded in Spain, during the storm of the extratropical cyclone Klaus 26 meters 22 miles off the coast of Santander, is set.

0076 - Hadrian born in Italica, (near present day Sevilla) He was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus in Italica, Hispania Baetica, into a Roman Italo-Hispanic family that settled in Spain from the Italian city of Atri in Picenum. was Roman emperor from 117 to 138. He is known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Britannia. Hadrian energetically pursued his own Imperial ideals and personal interests. He visited almost every province of the Empire, accompanied by an Imperial retinue of specialists and administrators. He encouraged military preparedness and discipline, and he fostered, designed, or personally subsidised various civil and religious institutions and building projects. In Rome itself, he rebuilt the Pantheon and constructed the vast Temple of Venus and Roma. He was an ardent admirer of Greece and sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire, so he ordered the construction of many opulent temples there. He has been described as enigmatic and contradictory, with a capacity for both great personal generosity and extreme cruelty and driven by insatiable curiosity, self-conceit, and ambition. (d. 10-Jul-0138)
1256 - Alfonso Perez de Guzman, Guzman el Bueno, military
nobleman and hero of Spain during the medieval period, the founder of the line from which the dukes of Medina Sidonia descend (d.1309)
1777 - Don Ildefonso Díez de Rivera y Muro, born in Granada, noble and politician who served as Minister of State in 1836 and as President of the Senate. He married, the 15 April 1815, Pascuala Ortiz de Almodóvar, 3rd Countess of Almodóvar. (d. 1846)
1809 - Mariano de la Paz Graëlls y de la Aguera was a Spanish entomologist notable for pioneering work on the insects of corpses. Graëlls was born in Tricio, in the Province of Logroño. He died in Madrid where he had been professor of zoology. The moth genus Graellsia and the Graells's tamarin are named after him. He also identified the Iberian badger subspecies Meles meles marianensis. (d. 1898)
1853 - Tirso Rodrigáñez y Sagasta, politician (d.1935)
1856 - Alberto de Palacio y Elissague, engineer and architect born in Sare (Northern Basque Country) and grown up in Gordexola.He studied architecture in Barcelona and completed his education in Paris, studying mathematics, engineering, astronomy and medicine. (d. 1939)
1873 - Bartolome Perez Casas, composer (d.1956).
1916 - Jose Barraquer,
ophthalmologist born in Barcelona who did most of his life's work in Bogotá, Colombia. His original pioneering investigations on corneal transplants and correction of corneal refraction led him to be designated as “Father of modern Refractive Surgery”. His ophthalmological surgical techniques and instrumental inventions are in routine use by the ophthalmic community. (d.1998).
1930 - Manuel Vazquez Gallego, cartoonist (d.1995).
1932 - Jaime Garcia Añoveros, politician (d.2000).
1937 - Alfonso Martínez, basketball player (d.2011).
1938 - Francisco Fernandez Carvajal, a writer and priest.
1942 - Ana Kiro. singer (d. 2010)
1943 - Manuel Velázquez, footballer (d. 2016)
1944 - Braulio Rodríguez Plaza, Catholic priest, theologian
1946 - Rafael Orozco Flores, pianist (d.1996)
1947 - Don Carlos Gereda y de Borbón, Marquês of Almazán  was a Spanish aristocrat, engineering entrepreneur and philanthropist. The youngest son of Nicolás Gereda y Bustamante, his mother María Luisa de Borbón y Pintó was the only daughter of Alberto María de Borbón y d'Ast, 2nd Duke of Santa Elena, making Carlos a descendant of King Charles IV of Spain.Carlos Gereda y de Borbón was the 49th Grand Master of the Paris-Malta obedience of the Order of Saint Lazarus from 2008 until his death, as such succeeding the Duke of Sevilla and the Duke of Brissac. (d. 2017)
1947 - The actress, Mercedes Sampietro, who won a Goya Award for her role as Lilian Roviera in the Adolfo Aristaráin film, ‘Lugares Comunes,’ was born in Barcelona.
1947 - Julián Lago, journalist and television presenter (d. 2009)
1948 - Javier Ortiz, journalist (d. 2009).
1950 - Matilde Fernández, politician.
1955 - Jesús Landáburu, football player.
1956 - Amparo Valcarce, politician.
1965 - Andreu Buenafuente, born in Reus, businessperson, comedian, program director, television presenter, journalist, humorist
1968 - Fernando Escartín, cyclist.
1968 - Mónica Molina, singer
1980 - Jofre Mateu, footballer
1982 - Aitor Hernández, racing cyclist
1984 - Belén Cuesta Llamas, actress.
1995 - Yeray Álvarez López, known simply as Yeray, is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Athletic Bilbao as a central defender.

1336 - Alfonso IV, King of Aragon between 1327 and 1336 (b.1299).
1729 - Luis de Mirabal y Espínola, Marquis of Mirabal, politician (b. 1657)
1939 - Manuel Penella, composer (b.1880).
1963 - Valentine Zubiaurre, painter (b.1879).
1978 - Alfredo Deaño, philosopher and writer (b.1944).
1985 - Dalmacijo Langarica, former cyclist and technician
1996 - Evaristo Márquez Contreras, sculptor (b.1929).
2011 - Jaime Salinas Bonmatí, Spanish writer and editor born in Algeria (b. 1925)
2015 - Joan Serra, Olympic water polo player (1948,1952) (b. 1928)
2019 - Elio Berhanyer, fashion designer (b. 1930)
2019 - Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, Spanish cardinal (b. 1929)