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July 13

Saints Days: Enrique, Anacleto, Serapio and Sara - Festival of the Vaquillas (Teruel) 

1558 – Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes at Gravelines.
1586 - Anglo-Spanish War, A convoy of English ships from the Levant Company manage to repel a fleet of eleven Spanish and Maltese galleys off the Mediterranean island of Pantelleria 
2023 - The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine announced it will receive a mobile hospital and vehicles for the evacuation of the wounded as part of an aid package from Spain.
Medical personnel of the State Border Guard Service is currently being trained at an air base near Zaragoza, Spain to deploy and operate the mobile hospital, the press statement said.
Spanish Defense Minister Margarita Robles informed the head of the State Border Guard Service Serhii Deineko of the transfer in a video conference.

Miguel Ángel Blanco - photo www.20minutos.es

1838 - Camilo García de Polavieja, soldier (d.. 1914)
1865 - Papus, French medical and occultist of Spanish origin.
1925 - Gustavo Torner, artist.
1941 - Txema Blasco, Basque actor.
1965 - Juan José Artero, actor.
1980 - Daniel Cifuentes Alfaro, footballer.

1914 - Camilo García de Polavieja, soldier (b. 1838)
1936 - José Calvo Sotelo, politician and lawyer.
1976 - Jesús Rubio García-Mina, politician (b. 1908).
1997 - Miguel Ángel Blanco, Partido Popular Councillor in Ermua in the Basque Country is killed by ETA after three days of kidnapping On 10 July 1997, Blanco was kidnapped by ETA on his way to see a client. They threatened to assassinate him unless the Spanish Government started transferring all ETA prisoners to prisons in the Basque Country within 48 hours. Hundreds of thousands of people gathered in demonstrations throughout Spain, demanding his release, but 50 minutes after the deadline expired, at 16:50 on 12 July, he was shot in the back of the head. Shortly thereafter, he was found on the outskirts of San Sebastián, with his hands tied, dying. He died in the hospital at 4:30 a.m. on 13 July. He is interred in Faramontaos, A Merca, with his parents..(b. 1968)
1998 - José María Requena, writer (b. 1925)
2001 - Miguel Gila Cuesta, comic (b. 1919)
2010 - José Luis Cagigas, businessman and football manager (b. 1928)
2011 - Santiago Chamorro, economist and diplomat (b. 1949)