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July 18

Saints Days: Federico, Gundenes, Marina and Emiliano

1195 - Battle of Alarcos: Almohad forces defeat the Castilian army of Afonso VIII and force its retreat to Toledo
1507 - Prince Carlos, son of Juana de Castilla, was crowned Count of Flanders in Brussels.

Verónica Romeo - YouTube

1821 - Florida moved from Spanish sovereign territory to that of the United States.
1837 - The famous highwayman, Luis Candelas, was arrested close to Olmedo in Valladolid.
1873 - Nicolas Salmerón became the President of the First Spanish Republic after the sacking of Francisco Pi y Margall who had only been in the post for 5 weeks.
1921 - In celebration of the 700th anniversary of Burgos Cathedral, the remains of El Cid and his wife Doña Jimena, were placed there, as well as the relics of St. Ferdinand.
1923 - in Liébana (Cantabria) a plague of red rats ravaged the fields.
1927 - King Alfonso XIII of Spain decreed the creation of airfields in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla, Alicante, Malaga and Burgos.
1928 - The railway transpirenaico Canfranc (Huesca) opens.
1936 - On the Spanish mainland, a faction of the army supported by fascists, rises up against the Second Spanish Republic in a coup d'état starting the 3-year-long Civil War, resulting in the longest dictatorship in modern European history
1936 - The aviation faithful Republican government makes bombing of Tetuan, capital of the Spanish protectorate in Morocco who had revolted against the government.
1938 - In Barcelona, the Republican president Manuel Azana says Peace, mercy and forgiveness speech, on the second anniversary of the Spanish Civil War.
1939 - Spain begins the reconstruction of the Cerro de los Angeles.
1940 - General and Head of State Francisco Franco officially claimed Spanish Gibraltar.
1942 - The Ciudad Lineal velodrome was opened in Madrid.
1945 - The Fifth National Government of Spain (1945-1951), chaired by Francisco Franco is formed.
1951 - The Sixth National Government of Spain (1951-1956), chaired by Francisco Franco is formed.
1957 - In the valley of Cuelgamuros (Sierra de Madrid) is inaugurated the monument to the fallen in the Spanish Civil War.
1959 - 46th Tour de France won by Spaniard Federico Bahamontes
1961 - Police dismantles the first terrorist action of ETA: the sabotage of the railway line Madrid-Barcelona, with the train loaded with veterans.
1976 - The First of October Anti-Fascist Resistance Groups (GRAPO), claiming the placement of 28 explosive devices.
1977 - 251 gemstones stolen from the Cámara Santa were recovered.
2004 - In Argentina, Carlos Sainz won the Rally of Argentina, which is testing its 26th victory in the World Cup record in the history of the championship.
2004 -The Spanish youth basketball team wins the European Championship, beating Turkey in the final by 89-71. and validates the title achieved in 1998.
2008 - Jesús Vázquez is the first Spaniard appointed Goodwill Ambassador for the UN Refugee.
2022 - Extremadura inaugurates the slowest high speed train with a temporary top speed of 89km/h 
2022 - Spanish customs seize €450K Picasso sketch at Ibiza airport - later found to be genuine 

Births
1821 - Pauline Viardot-Garcia, French mezzo-soprano of Spanish origin. (d.1910)
1882 - Rafael Gómez Ortega (El Gallo), bullfighter. (d.1960)
1893 - Said de Buen Lozano, doctor and scientist (d. 1936)
1896 - Agustín Sancho, footballer (d. 1960)
1897 - José L. Lasplazas, sports journalist (d. 1975)
1901 - Diego Angulo Íñiguez, art historian (d. 1986)
1904 - Joaquín Romero Murube, poet and essayist.
1920 - José Simón Díaz, philosopher (d. 2012)
1925 - Jaime de Mora y Aragón, actor and publicist (Last Judgement) born in Madrid (d. 1995)
1926 - Ángel Crespo, poeta, essayist, translator and art critic.
1927 - Antonio García-Trevijano Forte, republican, political activist and author (d 2018)
1938 - El Viti, bullfighter.
1942 - Asun Balzola, writer (d. 2006)
1949 - Alfonso Aragón Sac, clown.
1976 - Elsa Pataky, Spanish-American actress
1978 - Verónica Romeo, (Sotoca) singer-songwriter, producer, and actress, born in Elche

Deaths
1566 - Bartolomé de las Casas, bishop and historian (b. 1484)
1909 - Infante Carlos, Duke of Madrid, Don Carlos de Borbon y Austria-Este was the Carlist claimant to the thone of Spain from 1868 and the legitmist cliament to the throne of France after the death of his father in 1887 (b, 1848)
1924 - Ángel Guimerá y Jorge was a Nobel-nominated writer in the Catalan language. His work is known for bringing together under romantic aspects the main elements of realism, (b. 1845)
1927 - Joaquin Loriga, military man
(b. 1895)
1996 - José Manuel Fuente, cyclist (b. 1945)
2000 - Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza, was an architect and influential practicioner of the modernist movement in Spain (b. 1918)
2000 - José Ángel Valente Docasar was a poet of the Generation of the '50, an essayist, and a translator, who wrote in Spanish and Galician. (b. 1929)
2014 - Dietmar Schönherr, Austrian-Spanish actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
2022 - Juan Aicea, longtime Mets Spanish broadcaster, died in his sleep at home in Florida (b.1937)