Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

July 20

Saints Days: Pablo de Córdoba, Elías, Librada, Casia and Severa

1221 - Construction starts of Burgos Cathedral

El Lute appears at the National Court - photo blogs.elpais.com

1500 - Isabel La Católica issues a decree which returns the lands in the New World to their indigenous origins
1700 - King Carlos II declares Fuente Álamo in Murcia to be a city
1754 - King Fernando VI sacks the Marques of Ensenada
1808 - José I Bonaparte. enters Madrid - the people decided not to demonstrate.
1810 - Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia) declare independence from Spain
1824 - Colombia declares independence from Spain
1857 - Bishop Jose Maria Diaz Sanjurjo is murdered in Tonkin. This will lead to armed intervention of Spain, next to France in the war of Cochin China.
1905 - PSOE tries to organise a General Strike against the high cost of living..
1908 - A law organises the collection and exchange of all the fake 5 peseta coins in circulation in the country.
1909 - The inventor and builder Ricardo Casaña patented the first aircraft delta shaped rigid triangular wing in the world.
1920 - A coastguard society is created in Tarragona.
1923 - Regular racing between -Pamplona Lleida-Huesca-Pamplona-San Sebastián motorcycling begins.
1936 - General José Sanjurjo is killed in a plane accident when he returned from Lisbon – he was going to support the coup at the start of the Spanish Civil War.
1936 - Madrid, soldiers and militiamen Republicans assail the headquarters of the Mountain, only stronghold of the fascists in that city.
1945 - A change of government take place, in which only continue the ministers of Interior, Finance, Education and Labour.
1960 - The Government approves draft law on civil compilation of Catalan law, horizontal property and air navigation.
1972 - El Lute and his brother are injured in a shoot out with the Guardia Civil in Málaga
1978 - New 5,000 pesetas notes become legal tender.
1978 - Irregular revaluations in the Bank Coca reach 5000 million pesetas.
1981 - Divorce law is published in the official state bulletin
1984 - Black financial hole of 63.8 billion pesetas found in the Banca Catalana
1996 - An ETA bomb at Madrid Airport killed 35
1999 - The Constitutional Court released the 23 leaders of Herri Batasuna (HB), convicted by the Supreme Court for leasing their electoral space for broadcasting a video of the band ETA in 1996.
2005 - Juan Jose Millas wins the Francisco Cerecedo Journalism Prize, awarded by the Association of European Journalists.
2007: Edition 1573 of the magazine El Jueves removed from sale because of cartoon about the Prince and Princess of Asturias
2010 - Spain rejects a proposal to ban the burqa in public places; 183 to 162, with two abstaining
2022 - A man and woman have been arrested in Croatia on suspicion of stealing 45 bottles of fine and rare wines worth €1.6 million from two-Michelin starred restaurant Atrio in Spain, after a nine month chase through Europe
2022 - Pedro Sánchez confirmed today that 'more than 500 people' died during a 10-day heatwave in Spain, one of the most intense ever recorded in the country
1726 - Joaquín Ibarra, printer .(d. 1785)
1737 - Nicolás Fernández de Moratín, poet, prose writer and dramatist.and the father of one of the most important Spanish writers and dramatists of the neoclassical era, Leandro Fernández de Moratín. He himself was involved in the Spanish literary movement of the day, and heavily influenced his son (d. 1780)
1743 - Costillares (Joaquín Rodríguez), bullfighter (d. 1800)
1889 - Emiliano Bajo Iglesias, politician (d. 1936)
1889 - Antonio Vallejo-Nájera, psychiatrist. He was interested in eugenics and proposed a link between Marxism and intellectual disability. His ideas led to the thefts of many Spanish newborns and young children from their left-wing parents (d. 1960 in Madrid)
1918 - Olga Ramos, singer. (d. 2008)
1932 - Josefa Bastavales, Galician tambourine player.
1960 - Federico Echave, cyclist.
1963 - Joan Gonper (José Ángel González Pérez), writer and editor.
David Ortega - www.wikidat.es
1979 - David Ortega in a freestyle and backstroke swimmer, he swam for Spain at the 2000 Summer Olympics, the World Championships in 1998, 2003, 2005 and 2007, the Mediterranean Games in 2001 and 2005, and the European Championships in 2000 and 2004, at the 2000 European Championships, he won the 100m Backstroke 
1983 - Bárbara Goenaga, actress.

1454 - Juan II, King of Castilla and León (b 1405)
1526 - García Jofre de Loaisa, explorer (b, 1490)
1766 - Isabelle Farnese, queen of Spain by marriage to King Philip V. She was the de facto ruler of Spain from 1714 until 1745 since she managed the affairs of state with the approval of her spouse (b. 1692)
1908 - Federico Chueca, composer of zarzuelas and author of La gran via along with Joaquin Valverde Durán in 1886. He was one of the most prominent figures of the genero chico  (b. 1846)
1936 - Francisco Ascaso Abada was the cousin of Joaquin Ascaso, the President of the Regional Defence Council of Aragón, a carpenter and a prominent Anarcho-syndicalist figure (b. 1901)
1936 - José Sanjurjo y Sacanell was a general, one of the military leaders who plotted the July 1936 coup d'etat which started the Spanish Civil War. He was endowed in nobiliary title of 'Marquis of the Rif' in 1927 (b. 1872 in Pamplona)
1944 - Pedro Núñez Granés, architect and engineer (b. 1859)
1974 - Gaspar Gómez de la Serna, writer. (b. 1918)
1977 - Anselmo Pardo Alcaide, entomologist (b. 1913)
2004 - Antonio Esteve Gades, or Antonio Gades was a flamenco dancer and choreographer. He helped to popularise the arr form on the international stage (b. 1936 in Elda) 
2005 - Antonio Núñez Montoya, El Chocolate, Flamenco singer from Sevilla. He was one of the stars of Carlos Saura's film Flamenco (b- 1930 in Jerez de la Frontera)