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July 21

Saints Days: Lorenzo de Brindis, Julia, Daniel and Zótico

1348 - Pedro IV of Aragón breaks up the Aragonesa Union in the battle of Épila
1454 - Enrique IV of Castile is proclaimed King of the region after the death of his father, Juan II of Castle, in Valladolid
1535 - Carlos I conquers Tunisia in an armed expedition
1568 - Eighty Year's War: Battle of Jemmingen: Fernando Álvarez of Toledo, Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau

The Battle of Málaga at which Leake commanded the vanguard - photo www.en.wikipedia.org

1656 - The Raid on Malaga was a military action by the English against the Spanish city of Málaga on July 21, 1656 as part of the Anglo–Spanish War (1654–1660).
Five English ships, HMS Henry, HMS Ruby, HMS Antelope, HMS Greyhound and HMS Bryan, appeared at six in the morning in the Bay of Málaga, without that the Marquis of Mondéjar, governor of the city, raised the alarm. At 13:00 the English frigates approached the harbour and attacked a Genoese and a Sicilian galley. The Sicilian galley succeeded in escaping at the cost of 2 killed and the captain being wounded. The Genoese galley was less lucky: it was seized and set on fire, together with all other ships found in the harbour.
After this, the English started shelling the city and its defenses during 4 hours, seriously damaging Málaga Cathedral. Meeting little resistance, the English went ashore and destroyed the greater part of the city's munition supply. All the harbor guns were spiked as well. There were at least 14 killed and many wounded in the city. A large part of the population fled to the countryside.

1847 - Spain signs a treaty of peace and friendship with the Bolivian government which recognises the independence of the new country
1901 - International regattas held in Santander
1930 - The Palomar airport opens in Zaragoza
1936 - Spanish Civil War; The Central Committee of Antifascist Militias of Cataluña is constituted, establishing an anarcho-syndicalist economy in Cataluña
1950 - The Bank of Spain restricts the amount of money that can be withdrawn by travellers – those leaving Spain have a 2,000 peseta limit and those arriving 10,000.
1953 - Trade agreement between Spain and Chile. Spain supplies machinery and industrial equipment in exchange of copper and other raw materials
1962 - Several communists are arrested in Bilbao on their arrival from Prague
1970 - Three workers die in clashes with police in Granada during a demonstration over working conditions
1972 - Nearly 80 die and more than 120 are wounded in a train crash in Lebrija, Sevilla. One of the train drivers is thought to have ignored a red light
1979 - Severiano Ballesteros wins the British Golf Open
1981 - The King and Queen of Spain decide not to attend the wedding between Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer, after the announcement that the couple will start their honeymoon in Gibraltar
1982 - The first autonomous government in Andalucía is made up of eight Socialists and three independents
1986 - ETA uses anti-tank grenades to attack the Ministry of Defence offices in Madrid. Ten people are injured
1988 - Spanish tenor José Carreras returns to the stage after being treated for leukaemia in the United States
1997 - National Court sentences a group of three ETA activists to 109 years in jail for an attempt on the life of King Juan Carlos.
2022 - At least 978 migrants died or disappeared trying to reach Spain by sea in the first six months of this year, down from 2,087 during the same period in 2021

1535 - García Hurtado de Mendoza, soldier and conquistador born in Cuenca (d. 1609).
1702 - Enrique Flórez, historian.
1825 - Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, statistician born in Torrecilla en Cameros (d. 1903)
1835 - Bernardo Ferrándiz, costumbrista painter. He is considered to be one of the founders of the 'Escuela Malagueña' (d in Málaga 1885)
1848 - Luis Gilabert Ponce, sculptor from Valencia (d. 1930)
1858 - Maria Cristina of Hapsburg-Lorraine, austria princess, queen of Spain born in Zidlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
Ernest Hemingway - www.biografiasyvidas.com/
1899 - Ernest Hemingway, US writer and lover of Spain, Nobel Prize for literature in 1953.
1905 - Miguel Mihura, writer, illustrator and humorist (d. 1977)
1917 - Emilio Romero Gómez, journalist and film writer (d. 2003)
1920 - Manuel Valls, a French and Spanish politician who served as a Barcelona city councillor from 2019 to 2021. He served as Prime Minister of France from 2014 until 2016, born in Barcelona (d. 1984)
1922 - Juana Ginzo, radio actress.(d. 2021)
1930 - Javier Escrivá, actor born in Valencia (d..1996)
1936 - Julio Valdeón Baruque, historian  born in Olmedo (d. 2009)
Jordi Évole - photo Facebook

1974 - Jordi Évole, Catalan satirical TV presenter.
1979 - Tania Llasera, actress and presenter.
1981 - Joaquín Sánchez, footballer born in El Puerto de Santa María
1986 - Fernando Tielve, actor.

1552 - Antonio de Mendoza, 1st Viceroy of New Spain, serving from November 14,1535 to November 25,1550 and the third Viceroy of Peru, from September 23,1551 until his death (b. 1495)
1850 - José María de Orbe y Elío, soldier and politician.
1974 - Adolfo Muñoz Alonso, philosopher rector of la Universidad Complutense and politician. Was father of the emblematic pianist of the Madrid movida Ángel Muñoz Alonso - The Reverend (b 1915).
2007 - Jesús de Polanco, businessman, partner and founder of Grupo Prisa - publishers of El País. In 2005, he was ranked 3rd richest person in Spain and at number 210 in Forbes World's Richest People list and was number 258 in 2006 (b 1929)
2008 - José María Entrecanales de Azcárate, businessman (b. 1933)
2011 - Juan Antonio Deusto, footballer and goalkeeper (b. 1946)