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July 22

Saints Days: Maria Magdalena, Platón, Teófilo and Cirilo

1594 - The Dutch city of Groningen defended by the Spanish and besieged by a Dutch and English army under Maurice of Orange, capitilates
1731 - Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
1795 - Spain and France sign the second treaty of Basel ending the Rosellón war

Sir Horatio Nelson when wounded at Tenerife -Oil painting - Richard Westall es.wikipedia.org

1797 - Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Battle between Spanish and British naval forces during the French Revolutionary Wars. During the Battle, Rear-Admiral Nelson is wounded in the arm and the arm had to be partially amputated.
1805 - Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Cape Finisterre: An inconclusive naval action is fought between a combined French and Spanish fleet under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War: Battle of Salamanca: British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca.
1910 - The President of the Spanish Government, Antonio Maura, suffered a terrorist attack in Barcelona and is slightly injured
1918 - Picos de Europa is declared as the Covadonga Mountain National Park – later the Picos de Europa National Park
1921 - Rif War: The Spanish Army suffers its worst military defeat in modern times to the Berbers of the Rif region of Spanish Morocco
1924 - Spain gives an exhibition of Basque Pelota at the Paris Olympic Games
1931 - Sevilla under siege under union violence
1936 - Spanish Civil War: The Popular Executive Committee takes power in the Valencian Community
1941 - Communist radio La Pirenaica starts to broadcast to Spain from Moscow
1961 - Spanish shares are traded on the London stock market for the first time in 25 years
1969 - Franco designates Juan Carlos de Borbón as his successor as
Head of State
1973 - Luis Ocaña wins the 60th Tour de France, second Spanish ciclista to do so
1984 - British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews; Seve Ballesteros wins his 2nd of 3 Open titles by 2 shots from Bernhard Langer & Tom Watson
2000 - José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero becomes the new general secretary of the Socialist Workers Party with 41.69% of the delegate votes at the party’s 35th congress
2005 - First wedding between two women in Spain in the Mollet del Vallès Town Hall, near Barcelona

1361 - Carlos III, King of Navarra.(1387-1425) was son and successor of Carlos II of Navarra and of Juana de Valois (d. 1425)
1478 - Felipe el Hermoso was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands and titular Duke of Burgundy from 1482 to 1506 and the first Habsburg King of Castile for a brief time in 1506.(d.1506)
1789 - Antonio Alcalá Galiano, politician and writer who served as Minister of the Navy and Minister of Public Works. He was elected Deputy for Cádiz in 1822 and served sporadically through ten successive legislatures until his death in 1865 
1887 - Manuel Bastos Ansart, military medic and prestigious surgeon.(d, 1973)
1903 - José Miranda González, historian (d. 1967)
1908 - Juan José López Ibor, psychiatrist.

1923 – César Fernández Ardavín, director, producer, and screenwriter  He directed more than 40 films between 1952 and 1979. His 1959 film El Lazarillo de Tormes won the Golden Bear at the 10th Berlin International Film Festival. His 1969 film The Wanton of Spain was entered into the 6th Moscow International Film Festival. He was the nephew of the director Eusebio Fernández Ardavín and began his career working for him (d. 2012)
1926 - Tip (Luis Sánchez Polack), comic (d. 1999)
1948 - Ana Palacio, politician.
1963 - Emilio Butragueño Santos, He was best known for his spell with Real Madrid. Nicknamed El Buitre (The Vulture), he was a member of the legendary La Quinta del Buitre along with Manolo Sanchís, Rafael Martín Vázquez, Michel and Miguel Pardeza. Butragueño amassed La Liga totals 300 games and 123 goals for his main club in 12 seasons, and represented the Spain national team in two World Cups (being the second-top scorer in the 1986 edition) and as many European Championships, scoring 26 goals for his country in a record that stood several years. Butergueño's cousin is Spanish National Rugby Team Coach Santiago Santos

1645 - Gaspar de Guzmán and Pimentel, aristocrat, literary and artistic patron premier of Spain (1621-43) he over exerted Spain in foreign affairs and unsuccessfully attempted domestic reform (b. 1587 in Rome)
1920 - Francisco Domingo Marqués, painter in the Eclectic style. (b. 1842 in Valencia)
1921 - Manuel Fernández Silvestre, soldier (b. 1871)
1972 - Max Aub, spanish writer of French and German origin, after the Spanish Civil War he took exile in Mexico (b 1903 in Paris) 
Work of Ivà

1993 - Ivà,(Ramón Tosas Fuentes) visual artist in 1974 he moved to London where he met his future wife Gloria Sánchez Álvarez  (b.1941)
1998 - Antonio Saura, painter.and writer, one of the major post war painters to emerge in Spain in the fifties whose work has marked several generations of artists and whose critical voice is often remembered (b 1930 in Huesca) 
1999 - Claudio Rodríguez, poet. He took part in the Generation of '50. He was member of the Royal Spanish Academy. He received the Prince of Asturias Award for Literature in 1993 (b 1934 in Zamora)
2000 - Carmen Martín Gaite, author. She wrote many novels, short stories and essays, and wrote in many genres. She also wrote screenplays (b. 1925 in Salamanca)
2000 - Eladio Cabañero, poet. (b. 1930)