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July 23

Saints Days: Apolinar, Brígida, Eugenio and Liborio

1508 - The Spanish soldier Pedro Navarro took the Peñon de Velez de la Gomera, an important base for pirates in the Mediterranean
1594 - Dutch city Groningen held by Spain surrenders to Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Orange

Taking of Gibraltar (unknown) - gibraltar-intro.blogspot.com

1704 - During the Spanish war of succession, the English Army lead by Admiral George Rooke, took Gibraltar, up to then in Spanish hands
1878 - Founder and director of La Gaceta Musical, also priest, composer and musician, Miguel Hilarion Eslava dies
1919 - The railway between Ponferrada and Villablino opens after construction of just ten months and a half
1935 - New unemployment numbers in Spain say that in April 1935 there were 704,482 out of work. A year before the number was 666,628
1936 - In Cataluña, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
1960 - Groups carrying out communist activities were broken up in Sevilla and Córdoba
1986 - Felipe González Márquez is invested Prime Minister with the support of 184 Socialist deputies
1995 - Tour de France; Miguel Induráin wins 5th consecutive Tour, 4'35" ahead of Alez Zülle, Laurent Jalabert points winner
2005 - David Meca gets the gold in the 25km world swimming championships in Montreal.
2006 - 93rd Tour de France won by Oscar Pereiro
2007 - The most wanted criminal, El Solitario, Jaime Jiménez Arbe is arrested in Figueira da Foz
2016 - The Catalan Parliament has challenged the Constitutional Court to put into action the laws for the separation of Cataluña. Sánchez and Rivera have offered their support for Rajoy facing this ‘extremely serious’ challenge.

1746 - Bernardo de Gálvez, military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain 1785-6 and founder of Galveston in the USA, born in Macharaviaya, Málaga (d. 1786)
1816 - Lola Montes, dancer and adventurer.
1833 - Apolinar Serrano, priest, bishop of La Habana (d. 1876)
1876 - Rafael Benjamin y Burin, politician, aristocrat and engineer (d. 1952)
1876 - Ricardo Verde Rubio, painter and engraver.
1886 - Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo,graduated with a degree in engineering in Paris. He then went to work as an engineer for the Northern Spanish Company but abandoned that work to return to London and became a journalist by writing in English for The Times. Meanwhile, he began publishing his first essays. He became a press member of the Secretariat of the League of Nations in 1921 and chief of the Disarmament Section in 1922, In 1928, he was appointed Professor of Spanish at Oxford University for three years during which he wrote a book on nation psychology, Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards. In 1931 he was appointed Spanish ambassador to the United States and a permanent delegate to the League of Nations. he kept the latter post for five years. Chairing the Council of the League of Nations in January 1932, he condemned Japanese aggression in Manchuria in such vehement terms that he was nicknamed 'Don Quijote de la Manchuria  (d. 1978)
1930 - José Viñas, writer (d. 2009)
1951 - Manolo Flores, basketball player.
1953 - Ana Botella, lawyer and politician, wife of José María Aznar.
1961 - Gonzalo Ancorada, football trainer.
1965 - Elvira Mínguez, actress.
1973 - David Etxebarria, cyclist.

1802 - María del Pilar Teresa Cayetana de Silva y Álvarez de Toledo, aristocrat (b. 1762)
1810 - Tomás Toribio, architect (b. 1756)
1878 - Hilarion Eslava, composer and musicologist
1936 - Fernando Condés, soldier (b. 1906)
1980 - Alfonso Carlos Comín, writer.
1984 - Ángel María de Lera, novel writer.
1990 - José Estruch Sanchís, theatre director and actor (b. 1916)
1996 - Vicente Antonio Rodríguez Redondo,wise man.
2000 - Carmen Santonja, singer and composer from the group Vainica Doble (b. 1934)
2000 - Carmen Martín Gaite, writer (b. 1925)
2004 - Carmina Ordóñez, personality (b. 1955)
2011 - Joan Vernet, arabist and historian (b. 1923)
2012 - Esther Tusquets, publisher and author (b. 1936)
2012 - José Luis Uribarri, television host and director (b. 1936)
2015 - José Sazatomil 'Saza' died in the early hours of this morning in Madrid He took part in 114 films and many more theatrical works and his most popular time was in the sixties and seventies, when he starred in films such as Las que tienen que server (Women Who Must Serve) and his work with Luis García Berlanga in 1963 he starred in El verdugo (The Executioner), in 1978 he starred in La escopeta nacional (The National Shotgun), and in 1993 he starred in Todos a la carcel (All Go To Jail). (b. 1925)
José Sazatornil - photo www.rtve.es