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July 24

Saints Days: Cristina, Vicente, Victor, Estercacio and Ursicino

1064 - Fernando I of Castile occupies the Portuguese city of Coimbra
1525 - Second attempt to circumnavigate the globe as seven ships depart Corunna headed by García Jofre de Loaísa on the orders of King Carlos 1 for the Spice Islands (only one will make it)
1712 - War of the Spanish Succession; The French under Marshal Villars win a decisive victory over Eugene of Savoy at Denain 

Constitutional Court - photo www.lamoncloa.gob.es

1871 - Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla is elected President of Spain
1933 - In Spain the judgment is issued against the accused by the coup attempt of August 10, 1932, known as "the Sanjurjada" with sentences ranging from 22 years imprisonment and 3 minor imprisonment. There were many acquittals.
1936 - The Board of National Defense provides that Franco assume command of the Army of Morocco and southern Spain, and Emilio Mola, the Northern Army.
1936 - Onesimo Redondo, head of the Spanish Falange, perishes in Labajos front (Segovia).
1959 - Gregorio Lopez-Bravo is named new director general of Foreign Trade.
1964 - The Spanish government undertakes to return the gold deposits taken from individuals in 1937
1973 - Adolfo Marsillach staging of the work of Antonio Gala Luck champion is prohibited.
1977 - In Madrid reopens after 40 years of prohibition, the masterpiece of Sergei Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin.
1979 - Spanish Congress approves the establishment of a Constitutional Court
1980 - The organic law for religious freedom comes into force in Spain
1984 - In Madrid and Barcelona in a vast Iranian terrorist operation is broken up.
1988 - Pedro Delgado wins the 75th Tour de France
1992 - King Juan Carlos I closed the II Ibero-American Summit.
1994 - Miguel Indurain wins the Tour de France for the 4th consecutive time
2001 - An ETA activists dies in Alicante when the bomb he was manipulating goes off in an apartment in Torrevieja
2005 - A man dies in the Civil Guard barracks at Roquetas de Mar in Almería after being taken into custody by four guardia
2005 - An exhibition in La Coruña with cartographic funds of the Hispanic Society of America is inaugurated.
2009 - The Gran Telescopio Canarias, the world's largest reflecting telescope, is inaugurated by King Juan Carlos I of Spain
2013 - In Angrois, a district on the outskirts of Santiago de Compostela, an Alvia train carrying 218 passengers suffers an accident and derails at the location of the curve called A Grandeira leading 78 dead and 131 injured. The train's data recorder showed that it was traveling at over twice the posted speed limit of 80 kilometres per hour when it entered a curve on the track. The crash was recorded on a track-side camera that shows all thirteen train cars derailing and four overturning. On 28 July 2013, the train's driver, Francisco José Garzón Amo, was charged with 79 counts of homicide by professional recklessness and an undetermined number of counts of causing injury by professional recklessness.

1848 - Francisco Pradilla y Ortiz, painter.
1895 - Robert Graves, English-Spanish author, poet, and scholar (d. 1985)
1901 - Francisco Fernández Fernández, super-centenarian (d. 2012)
1920 - José Noriega, singer.
1924 - Antonio Ramallets, footballer.
1925 - Ignacio Aldecoa, writer.(Gran Sol, Caballo the Pica) born in Vitoria-Gasteiz (d. 1969)
1930 - Eduardo Manchón, footballer (d. 2010)
1935 - Manuel Hermoso Rojas, politician.
1945 - Cristina Almeida, left wing lawyer and politician
1953 - Santiago Idígoras, footballer.
1977 - Aitor Pérez, Spanish cyclist

1568 - Prince Don Carlos (b.1545)
1828 - Felix Maria Calleja del Rey, solider and politician, viceroy of New Spain.
1874 - Luis de Eguílaz, poet and dramatist.
1936 - Onésimo Redondo, politician, founder of the JONS.
1942 - Joan Peiro, politician, Minister of Industry during the Second Republic (b. 1887)
1985 - José Bódalo, actor.
1995 - Manuel Pareja Obregón, composer.
1996 - Nacho Martínez, actor.
2007 - Raimundo Pérez Lezama, futbolista español.
2012 - Gregorio Peces-Barba, jurist and politician - he was one of the seven jurists who wrote the Spanish Constitution, approved in referendum in 1978 and so he is considered a father of the constitution. In 1982 he was elected president of the congress of deputies and held that chair until 1986 when he decided not to rerun. He helped to create the Carlos III University of Madrid, and from 1989 until 2007 was rector of that university
 (b. 1938)
Gregorio Peces-Barba - Photo www.abc.es