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July 26

Saints Days: Joaquín and Ana

711 - Rodrigo, king of the Visigoths is defeated by the Muslims in the battle of Guadalete

Antonio Machado - photo www.poemas-del-alma.com

920 - The Christian-Navarra-León alliance is beaten by the Muslims in the battle of Valjunquera near Pamplona.
1139 - Alfonso I of Portugal is acclaimed King of Portugal and proclaims the independence of the Kingdom of León.
1364 - Pedro IV of Aragón orders the execution of Bernat de Cabrera for treason
1529 - capitulation between Carlos I of Spain and Francisco Pizarro González by which he was appointed governor and captain general of New Castile, present territory of Peru.
1581 - Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Act of Abjuration): the northern Low Countries declare their independence from the Spanish king, Philip II.
1582 - Spain, with a fleet led by Alvaro de Bazan, defeat France, England and Venice in the Atlantic. In the Battle of Ponta Delgada.
1702 - Santa Vittoria, Philip V of Spain and the Duke of Vendôme defeat the allies.
1857 - The Duro factory opens in La Feguera in Asturias – it will become the most important metal factory in Spain
1858 - A bullfight with woman matadors in held in Barcelona.
1883 - Spanish Cortes, of liberal majority, approve a new press law.
1904 - The Basque- Asturias narrow gauge railway is opened.
1909 - The 'Tragic Week' starts in Barcelona.
1921 - War in Morocco, the last Spanish defenders of the position of Sidi Dris die.
1924 - Decree approved for the running of the phone service in Spain to the Compañía Telefónica Nacional
1927 - in Valencia, the bullfighter Marcial Lalanda suffers a serious goring.
1931 - Bishop of Barcelona, Bishop Irurita, makes a pastoral which states that the Catholic Church can not go against the legitimate rights of public workers.
1936 - Spanish Civil War: Germany and Italy decide to intervene in support of Francisco Franco and the Nationalist faction
1937 -  End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
1947 - The dictator Francisco Franco sanctions the Law of Succession to the Head of State.
1977 - Adolfo Suarez ensures the ability to rule by decree law, defeating proposals in Congress of the PSOE and the PCE.
1978 - Twelve GRAPO terrorists arrested in Madrid.
1984 - Twelve European businessmen get in 48 hours collect the deposit to pay bail of José María Ruiz Mateos.
1989 - In Almería, the football club Unión Deportiva Almería is founded.
1992 - Tour de France; Miguel Induráin defends his title by 4' 35" from Italian Claudio Chiappucci; Laurent Jalabert points
1999 - Judge Baltasar Garzon, in collaboration with the Central Unit of the Judicial Police dismantles an international network of fast fattening of cattle with banned and severely harmful to health.
2000 - ETA placed a limpet bomb with two kilos of dynamite in the car the only deputy of the PP in Abadiano (Vizcaya), Agustin Ramos Vallejo. The intervention of his bodyguards, who reviewed the underbody and detected the device, avoided the explosion.
2001 - ETA car bomb deactivated at Málaga airport.
2003 - The Spanish climber Juan Oiarzabal crowns the Hidden Peak and equals the record of Reinhold Messner, only until then to climb an eight thousand eighteen times.
2004 - the Spanish writer Juan Goytisolo gets the Juan Rulfo Award.
2009 - 96th Tour de France won by Alberto Contador 
2022- Spain slashed its growth forecast for 2023, mainly due to the fallout of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the GDP of the eurozone's fourth largest economy is now expected to expand by 2.7% instead of the 3.5% previously forecast Economy Minister Nadia Calviño said 

1870 - Ignacio Zuloaga, painter.
1875 -  Antonio Machado, poet (Campos de Castilla) and academic, born in Sevilla (d. 1939)
1925 - Ana María Matute, author (Fiesta el noroeste) born in Barcelona (d. 2014)
1927 - Joan Reventós, politician (d. 2004)
1934 - Mauri, football midfielder ( 5 caps Athletic Bilbao 246 games) born in Gernika (d. 2022)
1940 - Aurelio González Puente, cyclist.
1946 – Emilio de Villota, Formula One driver.
1957 - Santi Santamaria, chef (d. 2011)
1965 - Ana García Siñeriz, television presenter.
1971 - Neus Ávila, tennis star (Futures-Valencia-ESP 1995)

1276 - Jaime I The Conqueror, King of Aragón.
1605  - Miguel de Benavides, clergyman and sinologist (b. 1552)
1608 - Pablo de Céspedes, painter, sculptor and writer.
1959 - Manuel Altolaguirre, poet.
1962 - Gabriel Arias-Salgado, politician (b. 1904)
1962 - Raquel Meller, singer and actress
1983 - Charlie Rivel, clown.
1989 - José Vivó, actor.
1995 - Antolin Palomino, bookbinder (b. 1909)
2007 - Francisco de Moxó y de Montoliu, historian.
2010 - Antonio Gamero, actor (b. 1934)