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July 29

Saints Days: Marta, Serafina, Beatriz, Simplicio, Faustino and Eugenio

1525 - The Sevilla Explorer, Rodrigo de Bastidas, founded the city of Santa Marta in what is now Colombia

Luis Buñuel - photo  www.catalogo.artium.org

1588 - Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: English naval forces under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake defeat the Spanish Armada off the coast of Gravelines, France.
1617 - Austrian and Spanish branches of the House of Habsburg secretly sign the Treaty of Oñate.
1773 - Santa Marta earthquakes destroy much of the capitol city of Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, New Spain (now Antiqua, Guatemala) over 500 killed instantly and 600 more die later from resulting disease and starvation 
1804 - An epidemic of yellow fever in Málaga started - it would lead to the death of 11,464 people.
1836 - The Catholic tithe the first fruits and other benefits of this type are suppressed by royal decree.
1837 - Juan Alvarez Mendizabal promulgated the law of confiscation of the Church.
1994 - ETA terrorists in Madrid killed by the explosion of a car bomb, three people: the director general of the Defense Police, Lieutenant General Francisco Veguillas, his driver and a passerby.
2007 - 94th Tour de France won by Alberto Contador
2009 - the terrorist organization ETA carried out an attack in Burgos by placing a bomb van with 200 kilos of explosives at the barracks, causing serious material damage but fortunately only 66 minor injuries.
2022 - Inflation in Spain in July reached 10.8% its highest level in 38 years, fuelled by runaway food and energy prices, 

1356 . Martín the Elder, king of Aragón, Valencia and Majorca (d.1410)
1537 - Pedro Téllez-Girón nobleman (d. 1590)
1892 - Salustiano Mas Cleries, military doctor (d. 1955)
1899 - Juan Montijano Chica, priest and writer.
1906 - Juan Aparicio López, journalist (d. 1987)
1909 - Chester Himes, American-Spanish author (d. 1984)
1918 - Dámaso Santos, writer and literary critic.
1928 - Alberto Oliart, former minister.
1930 - Manuel Mantero, writer and teacher.
1939 - Terele Pávez, actress.
1943 - Antoni Torres, footballer (d. 2003)
1951 - Cristina Narbona, Socialist politician.
1956 - Faustino Rupérez, cyclist
1957 - Enrique Sierra, guitarist (Radio Futura)(d. 2012)
1966 - Juan Antonio Orenga, basketball player.
1968 - Vicente Barrera, bullfighter.
1981 - Fernando Alonso, car racer (World Formula 1 Drivers Champion 2005-06; 24 Hours of Le Mans 2018-19; FIA World Endurance C'ship 2018-19) born in Oviedo, Asturias 

1983 - Luis Buñuel, filmmaker who worked in France, Mexico and Spain. He has been widely considered by many film critics,historians and directors to be one the greatest and most influential filmmakers of all time. When Buñuel died at age 83 his obituary in the New York Times called him 'an iconist, moralist and revolutionary who was leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant intemational movie director half a century later. His first picture Un Chien Andalou - made in the silent era - is still viewed regularly throughout the world and retains its power to shock the viewer, and his last film That Obscure Object of Desire - made 48 years later- won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work 'the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality - scandalous and subversive 
1989 - Manuel Halcón, writer and academic (b. 1900)
2004 - Manuel Benítez Rufo, politician (b. 1917)
2006 - Julio Aumente, poet (b. 1921)
2014 -  María Antonia Iglesias, journalist and author (b. 1945)