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July 31

Saints Days: Ignacio de Loyola and Segundo

Fiesta of San Ignacio in the cities of San Sebastian and Bilbao

1492 - The Jews are expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
1498 - On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.
1588 - The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England.
1715 - Seven days after a Spanish treasure fleet of 12 ships left Havana, Cuba for Spain, 11 of them sink in a storm off the coast of Florida. A few centuries later, treasure is salvaged from these wrecks.
1826 - In Valencia, in the last act of faith realized in Spain, the Holy Inquisition judges and executes the teacher Cayetano Ripoll, accused of heresy.
1959 - in the Basque Country, Ekin, a splinter group of EGI becomes the terrorist group ETA.
2004 - in Almeria, the Mediterranean Games Stadium opens.
2009 - Foreign Minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos becomes the first Spanish government official to visit Gibraltar in 300 years
2020 - Eurozone economic activity falls 11.9% for April-June with Spain the worst at -18-5%, its deepest in modern times

1557 - Joseph Calasanz, priest and teacher (d. 1648)
1791 - Pedro Ignacio Jordán de Urriés y Palafox, noble (d. 1842)
1854 - José Canalejas, politician, Prime Minister of Spain (1910-12) born in El Ferrol (d. 1912)
1880 - Manuel Penella, composer.
1893 - Juan Adsuara, sculptor (d. 1973)
1896 - Luis Ceballos y Fernandez de Cordoba, engineer and naturalist (d. 1967)
1914 - José Ignacio Domecq, wine maker, born in Jerez (d. 1997)
1915 - Simón Sánchez Montero, politician.
1919 - Rafael Morales, painter (d. 2005)
1923 - Joan Vernet, Arabist and historian (d. 2011)
1942 - Juan María Arzak, Chef
1942 - Jaime Ignacio del Burgo, politician.
1950 - Roberto Vidal Bolaño, writer and theatre actor.
1979 - Carlos Marchena, footballer and coach, born in Las Cabezas de San Juan
1982 - Anabel Medina Garrigues, tennis player
1990 - Mirela, singer
San Ignacio de Loyola - www.vaticannews.va
1556 - San Ignacio de Loyola, priest and theologian, who with Peter Faber and Francis Xavier  founded the Society of Jesus (The Jesuits) and became its first Superior General in Paris in 1541. He envisioned the purpose of the Society of Jesus to be missionary work and teaching. In addition to the vows of chastity, obedience and poverty of other religious orders in the church, Loyola instituted a fourth vow for Jesuits of obedience to the Pope, to engage in projects ordained by the pontiff. Jesuits were instrumental in leading the Counter-Reformation 
As a former soldier Ignacio paid particular attention to the spiritual formation of his recruits and recorded his method in the Spiritual  Exercises (1548). In time, the method has become known as Ignatian spirituality 
Ignacio of Loyola was beatified in 1609 and canonised saint on 12 March 1622. His feast day is celebrated on 31 July. He is the patron saint of the Basque provinces of Gipuzkoa and Biscay as well as of the Society of Jesus. He was declared patron saint of all spiritual retreats by Pope Pius Xi in 1922  (b. 1491)
1564 - Luís de Velasco, nobleman and viceroy of New Spain between 1550 and 1564 (b. 1511)
1691 - Chrysostom Royo de Castellvi, bishop (b. 1629)
1762 - Luis Vicente de Velasco e Isla officer and naval commander in the Royal Spanish Navy. He is known for his valiant defence during the Siege of Havana in 1762 during which he was killed in action  Velasco was honoured by the Spanish for his bravery King Carlos III had a statue of him erected in Meruelo, ordered a navy ship to be named in his honour and gave his brother Iñigo José de Velasco the title of Marquess of Velasco (b. 1711)
1827 - Jose Fernando de Abascal, Spanish and Peruvian military viceroy between 1806 and 1816 (b. 1743)
1904 - Servando Arbolí Faraúdo, theologian and writer (b. 1840)
1950 - Carlos Tartiere, businessman.
1963 - Leopoldo Eijo y Garay, bishop (b. 1878)
1990 - Fernando Sancho, actor.
1990 - Jaume Sospedra, footballer (b. 1913)
2008 - Pedro Antonio Urbina, poet and writer.
2009 - Mary Carrillo, actress (b. 1919)