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July 7

Saints Days: Fermín, Claudio and Cirilo

San Fermines fiestas in Pamplona, in honour of their local saint San Fermín de Amiens.

The rocket being fired to start San Fermin - archive photo

1486 - Córdoba, the Catholic Monarchs issued the Pragmatic commanding observe and keep the notebook of the New Laws of the Holy Brotherhood.
1520 - Spanish conquistadores defeat a larger Aztec army at the Battle of Otumba.
1316 - The Burgundian and Majorcan claimants of the Principality of Achaea meet in the Battle of Manolada.
1811 - Venezuela declares independence from Spain.
1892 - The Katipunan is established, the discovery of which by Spanish authorities initiated the Philippine Revolution
1907 - Alfonso XIII gives the title of city to Miranda de Ebro
1949 - "Cabalgata (A Night in Spain)" opens at Broadway NYC for 76 performances
2016 - The La Manada rape case, also known as the wolf pack case, began with the gang rape of an 18-year-old woman during the San Fermín celebrations in Pamplona,. The case drew intense public scrutiny as it called into question the definition of rape under Spanish law. Five men, including a member of the Civil Guard and another of the Spanish Army from Sevilla, filmed themselves repeatedly attacking the girl in the vestibule of an apartment building. La Manada means "The pack" in Spanish.
2016 - Brussels affirms that the Rajoy Government ‘did not take effective measures to control the deficit in 2015.
2022 - Police seized six tonnes of marijuana after dismantling a plantation near Barcelona, with 3.5 tonnes of buds in vacuum packed thermal bags, the biggest quantity of marijuana ever seized in Spain
Archive photo

1792 - Diego de Argumosa, doctor (d. 1865).
1885 - Blas Infante, Spanish historian and politician (d. 1936)
1891 - Ramón Medina y Ortega, composer and musician.
1894 - Benjamín Palencia, painter (d. 1980).
1916 - Wilebaldo Solano, politician and journalist (d. 2010).
1930 - Federico Gallo, journalist (d. 1997).
1933 - Fernando Hilbeck, actor (d. 2009).
1945 - Manuel Chaves, Andalucía politician.
1947 - Víctor Manuel, singer-songwriter
1949 - Pedro Ruy-Blas, singer, composer and actor
1957 - Rosa Aguilar, socialist politician.
1961 - Encarna Planells, martial arts.
1970 - Valentí Massana, race walker
1982 - Javier Paredes, footballer
1985 - Lucía Pérez, singer
1992 -  Alberto Moreno, footballer

1959 - Hermenegildo Anglada Camarasa, painter (b. 1871).
1970 - Manuel Gómez-Moreno, archeologist and historian (b. 1870).
2000 - Felipe Mellizo, journalist (b. 1935).
Juan de Ávalos  - Photo www.biografiasyvidas.com
2006 - Juan de Ávalos, sculptor, his most important work is  Valle de los Caidos (The Valley of the Fallen) a majestic monument where Francisco Franco's body once lay (b. 1911)
2010 - Vicente Cebrián, journalist (b. 1914)
2013 - Pilar Narvión, journalist (b. 1926).
2014 - Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine football forward (Spain 31 caps, Argentina 6, Colombia 4, European Cup 1956-60, Real Madrid) and manager (European Cup Winner's Cup.1980 Valencia) dies from a hear tattack aged 88