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June 17

Saints Day: Manuel, Jeremías and Ismael
World day in the fight against desertification and drought.

1094 - Rodrigo Díaz el Campeador conquered Valencia.
1665 - Battle of Montes Claros; Portugal definitively secured independence from Spain in the last battle of the Portuguese Restoration War
1681 - Carlos II opens the San Telmo college by Royal Decree and is administered by the Mareantes University of Sevilla. The college was to train navigators on the boats running to the new world
1773 - Cúcuta , Columbia, is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar from Pamplona

Las Ventas Bullring - photo www.whattodoinmadrid.com

1921 - Barcelonam, Evelio Boal (committee secretary of the CNT) is killed in prison.
1923 - in Villarreal, Spain, El Madrigal stadium was inaugurated.
1931 - Madrid's Plaza de Toros Monumental de Las Ventas is inaugurated

Births
1781 - Francisco Espoz y Mina, soldier (f. 1836).
1810 - Ventura Jiménez, guerrilla.
1847 - Ricardo Macías Picavea, writer and thinker (d. 1899).
1854 - Miguel Durán Salgado, architect (d. 1950).
1890 - Miguel Sancho Izquierdo, professor of law and director of the University of Zaragoza (d. 1988).
1892 - Anzuela Manuel Montoya, sculptor (d. 1961).
1914 - Julian Marias, philosopher, sociologist and essayist (d. 2005).
1918 - Juan Morales Rojas, writer (d. 1991).
1920 - Germán de Argumosa, parapsycologist (d. 2007).
1921 - Gil Parrondo, decorator.
1922 - José Martín Recuerda, professor and dramatist (d. 2007).
1926 - José Martín Recuerda, dramatist (d. 2007).
1935 - José María Gil-Robles y Gil-Delgado, politican.
1943 - Vicente Pelechano, psycologist.
1943 - Ramón Pellín García, radio presenter.
1944 - Santiago López Castillo, journalist.
1945 - Rosa María Calaf, journalist.
1946 - Salvador Ordóñez, geologist.
1947 - Juan Antonio Rubio, actor.
1948 - Joaquín Almunia, politican.
1950 - José Luis García Martín, poet and literary critic.
1960 – Adrián Campos, Formula one race car driver. (d. 2021)
1961 - Joaquín Parra, footballer.
1963 - Joaquín Otero, politican.
1966 - Aitor Etxaburu, Basque handball player.
1967 - Javier Barrientos Grandon, lawyer.
1969 - Roberto Laiseka, cyclist.
1975 - Juan Carlos Valerón, footballer.
1976 - Carolina Pascual, gymnast.
1977 - Ignacio Solano Cabello, naturist.
1986 - Ernesto Galán, footballer.
1989 - Queralt Castellet, snowboarder.

Deaths
1460 - Fortún Velázquez de Cuéllar, aristócrat and priest.
1516 - Juan III de Albret, Navarran aristócrat (b. 1469).
1678 - Bernardo de Iturrizarra, politican and judge (b. 1608).
1784 - Felipe de Neve, Governor (b. 1724).
1787 - José de Gálvez y Gallardo, jurist and poltician (b. 1720).
1831 - Andrés Esteban Gómez, religious man (b. 1766).
1844 - José Alós Mora, solider and politican (b. 1765).
1871 - Carlos Rubio, poetl (b. 1832).
1876 - Fermín Caballero, writer and politican (b. 1800).
1890 - Robustiana Armiño, poet (b. 1821).
1898 - Carlos de Haes, Spanish painter of Dutch origin (b. 1829).
1928 - Ramón de Basterra, writer (b. 1888).
1952 - César Barja, literary critic (b. 1890).
1965 - Manuel Vidal Hermosa, footballer (b. 1901).
1967 - Juan Rof Codina, vet (b. 1874).
1970 - Josep de Togores, painter (b. 1893).
1986 - Ricardo Sáenz de Ynestrillas Martínez, solider (b. 1935).
1993 - Ramón Salas Larrazábal, historian and soldier (b. 1916).
2011 - Gabriel Díaz Berbel, politican (b. 1940).
2013 - Manel Comas, basketball trainer (b. 1945).