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June 24

San Juan - Saints Days: Ciriaco, Natividad de San Bautista

Fiestas en Almería, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, León, Badajoz, Alicante y Albacete

Queen Katherine of Aragon (Tamara Hickey) and King Henry VIII (Allyn Burrows) - Photo www.artsfuse.org

1128 - Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: Forces led by Alfonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique.
1230 - The Siege of Jaén started in the context of the Spanish Reconquista.
1280 - Sancho IV, son of Alfonso X, with the troops of Abu Yusuf and Banu Ashqilula reach the walls of Granada, where they are finally defeated
1509 -  Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon are crowned King and Queen of England.
1571 -  Miguel López de Legazpi founds Manila, the capital of the Philippines .
1593 - The Dutch city of Geertruidenberg, held by the Spanish, capitulates to a besieging Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Nassau 
1663 - The Spanish garrison of Évora capitulates, following the Portuguese victory at the Battle of Ameixial 
1779 -  American Revolutionary War: The Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.
1821 - The Battle of Carabobo takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.
1963 - The Montjuic Castle opens in Barcelona as a military museum, presided by Franco
1998 - First section of line 8 of Madrid Metro is opened
2022 - Spain ordered 20 Eurofighter jets for €2 billion at the Berlin Air Show to replace its aging fleet of some 70 Boeing.made F-18's

Births
1343 - Joan of Valois, Queen of Navarra (d. 1373)
1535 - Juana de Austria, archiduquesa austriaca e infanta española (f. 1573).
1542 - St John of the Cross (Juan de Yepes y Álvarez) Carmelite mystic, saint, priest and poet, born in Fonttiveros Ávila (d. 1591)
1803 - Juan Bravo Murillo, Politican and President between 1851 & 1852 (d. 1873).
1860 - Maria de las Mercedes de Orleans, she would become queen consort in Spain born in Palacio Real Madrid (d. 1878)
1864 - Leopold of Alpandeire, Capuchin friar and Blessed (d. 1956).
1878 - Miguel Otamendi engineer.
1914 - Luis Sanchez Agesta, lawyer, professor and academic (d. 1997).
1932 - Antonio Chenel, «Antoñete», bullfighter (d. 2011).
1932 - Queta Claver, actress (d. 2003).
1953 - Laura Cepeda, actress.
1977 - José Antonio Crespo, badminton player.
1978 - Luis García Sanz, footballer
1990 - Laura Ràfols, footballer


Deaths
1537 - Pedro de Mendoza, conquistador (b. 1487).
1558 - Feliciano de Silva, writer (b. 1492).
1835 - Thomas Zumalacárregui, general (b. 1788).
1945 - José Gutiérrez Solana, painter (b. 1886).
1960 - Rafael Zabaleta, painter (b. 1907).
1974 - María Lejárraga, writer and activist (b. 1874)
1988 - Juan Manuel Díaz Caneja, painter (b. 1905).
2006 - Joaquim Jordà, actor and director (b. 1935).
2011 - Laura Palmés, journalist (b. 1954).
2012 - Miki Roqué, footballer (b. 1988)