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March 1

Saint’s Day for Albino, Rosendo, Rudesindo and León.
Day of Islas Baleares 

1476 – Forces of the Catholic Monarchs engage the combined Portuguese-Castilian armies of Afonso V and Prince John at the Battle of Toro.
1493 - the caravel ‘La Pinta,’ one of the three ships which set sail on Christopher Columbus’s first voyage across the Atlantic, reaches port in Baiona, Pontevedra, with the first news of the discovery of the New World.

Replica of La Pinta in Palos de la Frontera - wikipedia

1712 - The Madrid National Library opened.
1815 - the first set of diligences, linking Reus and Barcelona in eleven and a half hours is established.
1900 - Barcelona premiere of the play The courtyard of the brothers Alvarez Quintero.
1903 - the first edition of La Verdad newspaper is published in Murcia.
1925 - the Spanish Board agrees to create the Directorate of Asbestos.
1933 - the homes of the Block House Barcelona is inaugurated.
1936 - Lluís Companys returns to Barcelona to take over the government of the Generalitat.
1937 - warm reception in Moscow to Rafael Alberti and Maria Teresa Leon.
1939 - Manuel Azana resigns, Diego Martínez Barrio has passed under the constitutional precept, to become president of the Second Spanish Republic.
1940 - The Catalan president Lluís Companys organizes in France the National Consell of Catalonia.
1940 - a new law is published in the Official State Bulletin, for the repression of communism, freemasonry, and other movements which foment ideas against ‘religion, the motherland and social harmony.’
1940 - Madrid Stock Market officially opens
1972 - Madrid is inaugurated the Third International Theatre Festival.
1979 - the UCD centre party led by Adolfo Suárez wins the first general election of post-Constitutional Spain with 34.3% of the vote.
1979 - ETA released Luis Abaitua (director of the company Michelin).
1983 - the Madrid Statute of Autonomy comes into force.
1986 - Gerardo Fernández Albor took over as president of the Board of Galicia.
1986 - Barcelona officially presents its Olympic bid.
1991 - The Constitutional Court of Spain demands Catalan language for officials of the Government of Cataluña
2002 - the peseta is officially withdrawn, and the euro becomes the only legal tender in Spain.
2004 -  in Madrid the lowest temperature on March 1 of the last 105 years is recorded: -5 ° C, in El Retiro.
2004 - Spanish scientists demonstrate that the oxidation which provokes ecstasy (MDMA) in the molecules of the neuronal membrane is the cause of the brain damage that originates in addicts
2007 - The Spanish Interior Ministry decides to apply the prison attenuated the ETA prisoner Iñaki de Juana Chaos according to their serious health condition, after 114 days of hunger strike
2009 - The Basque Nationalist Party wins a plurality of seats in Spain's Basque Country's parliamentary elections

40 – Martial, Spanish-Italian author and poet (d. 102)
757 - Hisham I, second independent Emir of Al-Andalus (d. 796).
1105 - Alfonso VII, King of Galicia, León and Castilla, crowned Emperor of Spain in 1135. (d. 1157)
1835 - Rosendo Garcia-Ramos and Bretillard, Spanish scientist and archaeologist (d.1913)
1842 - Fermín Salvochea, anarchist (d. 1907).
Rafael Guastavino Moreno - https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:
1842 - Rafael Guastavino Moreno, building engineer and builder who immigrated to the United States in 1881; his career for the next three decades was based in New York City.Based on the Catalan vault, he created the Guastavino tile, a "Tile Arch System", patented in the United States in 1885, which was used for constructing robust, self-supporting arches and architectural vaults using interlocking terracotta tiles and layers of mortar. His work appears in numerous prominent projects designed by major architectural firms in New York and other cities of the Northeast. Guastavino tile is found in some of New York's most prominent Beaux-Arts landmarks and in major buildings across the United States.It is also used in numerous architecturally important and famous buildings with vaulted spaces.  (d.1908)
1902 - The Civil War pilot and inventor, Carlos de Haya González, the official pilot of General Franco, was born in Bilbao. Málaga’s regional university hospital is named after him.
1922 - Néstor Luján, journalist and foodie (d. 1995).
1925 - Martín Chirino, sculptor (d. 1976).
1927 - Salvador Pániker, thinker and writer
1929 - José Ángel Sánchez Asiaín, banker.
1931 - Juan Iglesias Marcelo, politician.
1943 - Felipe Alcaraz, politician.
1943 - José Ángel Iribar, footballer goalkeeper and manager (49 caps Athletic Bilbao) born in Zarautz
1945 - Uriarte, footballer.
1949 - Ángel Gabilondo Pujol, philosopher and politician.
1953 - José Higueras, tennis player.
1954 - Carles Benavent, musician.
1955 - Clara Sánchez, writer.
1964 - Luis Medina Cantalejo, football referee.
Javier Bardem - Cannes 2018 - https://en.wikipedia.org/

1969 - Javier Ángel Encinas Bardem known as Javier Bardem, (born in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria) actor and environmental activist. Bardem won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the psychopathic assassin Anton Chigurh in the 2007 Coen Brothers film No Country for Old Men. He has also received critical acclaim for roles in films such as Jamón, jamón, Carne trémula, Vicky Cristina Barcelona, Boca a boca, Los lunes al sol, Mar adentro, and Skyfall, for which he received both a BAFTA and a SAG nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Bardem has also won a Screen Actors Guild Award, a BAFTA, five Goya Awards, two European Film Awards, a Prize for Best Actor at Cannes (ex-aequo with Elio Germano) and two Volpi Cups at Venice for his work. He is the first Spanish actor to be nominated for an Oscar (Best Actor, 2000, for Before Night Falls), as well as the first Spaniard to win one, for Best Supporting Actor in No Country for Old Men, 2008. He received his third Academy Award nomination, and second Best Actor nomination, for the film Biutiful. As of January 2018, Bardem became an environmental activist with Greenpeace for protection of Antarctica.
1977 - Esther Cañadas, actress and model
1979 - Magüi Serna, tennis player.
1980 - Kase-O, MC.
1982 - Juan Manuel Ortiz, footballer

1793 - Ramón Bayeu, painter (b. 1746).
1904 - Augusto González de Linares, geologist (b. 1845).
1906 - José María de Pereda, author (b. 1833)
1922 - Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, footballer (b. 1892)
1994 - Modesto Fraile, politician (b. 1935).
1995 - César Rodríguez Àlavarez, footballer and manager (b. 1920)
2006 - José Luis Castejón Garrués, politician (b. 1950).
2009 - Pepe Rubianes, actor and theatre director (b. 1947).
2012 - Quique Camoiras, actor and comic (b. 1928).