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March 14

Saint’s Day for Matilde, Afrodisio, Arnaldo and León.

1492 - Queen Isabella ordered the conversion of Spanish Jews to Christianity or otherwise will be expelled.
1516 - Carlos, Duke of Burgundy and grandson of the recently deceased Catholic King, Fernando II of Aragón, proclaims himself
King of Castilla and Aragón. He became Carlos I of Spain, and Carlos V, Holy Roman Emperor.

Carlos 1 of Spain - www.tudorplace.com.ar

1780 - American Revolutionary War: Spanish forces capture Fort Charlotte in Mobile, Alabama, the last British frontier post capable of threatening New Orleans in Spanish Louisiana.
1909 - In Barcelona is inaugurated the Camp de la Indústria, old stadium of FC Barcelona.
1936 - The Falange Española is declared illegal and its leaders are arrested, amongst them the founder of the right-wing movement, José Antonio Primo de Rivera.
1942 - The Medal of Merit in Work is created.
1944 - The returning members of the Spanish Legion, the last of the Blue Division.
1995 - Statutes of Autonomy for Ceuta and Melilla come into effect with their publication in the Official State Bulletin.
2004 - 
Aznar's People's Party lost an election after the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero promised to withdraw Spanish troops from Iraq.
2016 - The 25th Actors and Actresses Union Awards ceremony was held at the Circo Price in Madrid. The gala was hosted by Ángel Ruiz  In addition to the competitive awards, Mabel Lozano received the 'Mujeres en Unión' award, Juan Margallo the 'A toda una vida' career award and Festival ‘Una mirada diferente’ the Special Award.
2017 -  ‘Mas, disqualified for two years for disobeying justice’ – The Cataluña High Court condemned the ‘former president’ for the Nov 9 illegal referendum. The independent politician will appeal to the Supreme, but can no longer stand a candidate. The tribunal assured Mas ‘perverted democratic principles’.

1754 - Pepe-Hillo (José Delgado Guerra), bullfighter (d. 1801).
1835 - Manuel Fernandez Caballero, composer, born in Murcia, notably of zarzuelas.His works were seminal works in the young Género chico form of zarzuela. (d. 1906)
1844 - Lorenzo Casanova Ruiz, painter (d. 1900).
General Ochando  - photo https://en.wikipedia.org/
1848 - Federico Rodrigo Martín Sánchez Ochando y Chumillas was a Spanish general and politician who served as the 110th Governor-General of the Philippines, Deputy and Senator of Albacete, and Vice President of the Senate of Spain.
Ochando was an illustrious and decorated general with a prolific career in politics.
As a deputy and a senator, infrastructure projects and improvement of the Spanish military were among his key programs.(d. 1929)
Manén seen by Ramon Casas (MNAC)
1883 - Juan Manén (or Catalan: Joan Manén) was a Spanish violinist and composer, born in Barcelona. His progress in music was so rapid that his father exhibited him as a piano prodigy.
Having studied the violin under Clemente Ibarguren, he suddenly appeared as a violinist, and met with such success that in Germany he was compared to his famous countryman Sarasate.
Likewise he attracted much attention as a composer, not only in Spain, but perhaps to even a greater degree in Germany, where he resided at different times for protracted periods.
His works comprise: the operas Giovanni di Napoli (1903), Der Fackeltanz (1909) and Neró i Acté (1928) with his own libretto; the symphonic poem Nova Catalonia; at least three violin concertos; "Fantasia - Sonata" for guitar; a suite for violin and piano; a piano quartet, a string quartet, and a number of exquisite miniatures for violin and orchestra
He also made a completion-cum-arrangement of Beethoven's Violin Concerto in C, which otherwise only survives in its first 259 measures."(d. 1971)
1928 - The acclaimed broadcaster and naturalist, Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente, was born in Poza de la Sal, Burgos (d. 1980)
1937 - Baltasar Porcel i Pujol (born in Andratx, Majorca) was a writer, journalist and literary critic.
His enormous legacy credited him as one of the greatest authors in Catalan literature from the 20th century. (d, 2009)
1939 - Pilar Bardem, was a  film and television actress. In 1996, she won the Goya Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Nobody Will Speak of Us When We're Dead. She was the mother of CarlosMónica, and Javier Bardem. (d. 17 July 2021 in Madrid)
1942 - José Manuel Oneto Revuelta, better known as Pepe Oneto, was a Spanish journalist and writer; he has been described as one of the greatest journalists during the Spanish transition to democracy. (d 2019)
1952 - Jaime Caruana, economist. He served as the General Manager of the Bank for International Settlements from 1 April 2009 to 30 November 2017.
He was also the Governor of the Bank of Spain from July 2000 to July 2006.
1953 - Julia López de la Torre, journalist (d. 2010).
1961 - José Luis Mendilibar Etxebarria, Basque football player and trainer
1962 - Toñi Salazar, singer (Azúcar Moreno).
1963 - Pedro Duque, aeronautical engineer and astronaut. (STS 78 alt, sk;95 first Spanish person in space), born in Madrid
1970 - Mariam Budia (born  in Logroño (La Rioja) writer, researcher and playwright.
1976 - José Manuel Aira Lindoso, former footballer who played as a central defender, and is the manager of Cultural y Deportiva Leonesa.
1985 - Idaira, singer. born in San Cristóbal de La Laguna
1997 - Alfred García Castillo, singer, He gained national recognition when he took part in series nine of the reality television talent competition Operación Triunfo, where he finished in fourth place, and also represented Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 2018 in Lisbon, Portugal, alongside Amaia Romero, with the song "Tu canción", finishing in twenty-third place

1971 - Pedro Barrié de la Maza, businessman (b. 1888).
1980 - The acclaimed broadcaster and naturalist, Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente died in a plane crash in his 52nd birthday later along with two Spanish film crew while filming in Alaska. (b. 1928)
1981 - Anastasio de Gracia, politician and unionist (b. 1890).
2006 - Alonso Zamora Vicente, philologist, dialectólogo, lexicographer and writer (b 1916).