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March 18

Saint’s Day for Cyril of Jerusalem, Salvador de Horta and Anselmo.

1526 - Francis I of France, returns to Paris after Madrid suffered in captivity after the battle of Pavia.
1861 - Spain invaded the Dominican Republic again.
1885 - in Valencia the last platform rises to publicly execute a death row inmate.
1891 - at the entrance of the port of Gibraltar, over 500 people die in the sinking of the British steamer Utopia.
1919 - Valencia Football Club was founded.
1931 - Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
1932 - the football club Real Zaragoza is founded with the fusion of Iberia SC and Zaragoza CF.

Rodrigo Rato - Archive photo

1937 - Republican forces take Brihuega from Italian troops in the Battle of Guadalajara, in the Spanish Civil War.
1995 - Spanish princess Elena de Borbon y Grecia, (31) eldest daughter of Kings marries Princess Jaime de Marichalar y Saenz Tejada (31) at the Sevilla Cathedral
1999 - Juan Antonio Samaranch is ratified and acclaimed as president of the International Olympic Committee until 2001.
2017 - ‘ETA announced the handing over of arms without conditions’ – a group of civil intermediaries will notify on April 8 where the arsenals are. Urkullu informed Rajoy on the details of the operation on Tuesday.

1893 - Jesús de Aragón, novelist and economist
1898 - Ofelia Nieto, soprano (d. 1931).
1907 - Rosita Moreno, Spanish-American actress (d. 1993)
1908 - Pedro Cortina Mauri, politician (d. 1993).
Commemorative plaque at his Madrid residence

1911 - Gabriel Celaya (full name: Rafael Gabriel Juan Múgica Celaya Leceta) was a poet.
Gabriel settled in Madrid and studied engineering, working for a time as a Manager in his family's business. Gabriel met Federico García Lorca, José Moreno Villa and other intellectuals who inspired him towards writing around 1927-1935, after which he devoted his writing entirely to poetry.
In 1946 he founded the collection of the poems "Norte" with its inseparable Amparo Gastón and since then, he abandoned his engineering profession and his family's business. The poetry collection "Norte" was intended to bridge between the gap of the poetry of the generation of 1927, the exile and Europe. In 1946, he published the prose book "Tentativas" in which he signed as Gabriel Celaya for the first time
This is the first stage of existentialist character. Along with Eugenio de Nora and Blas de Otero, he supported the idea of a non-elitist poetry in the service of the majority, "to transform the world". In 1956, he won the Critics Award for his book "De claro en claro". When this model of social poetry was in crisis, Celaya returned to his poetic origins.
He published 'La linterna sorda' ('The lantern deaf') and reedited poems belonging prior to 1936.
He also tested the experimentalism and concrete poetry 'Campos Semánticos'('semantic fields') (1971). Between 1977 and 1980 their Obras Completas were published in five volumes. In 1986 he won a national prize for Spanish literature by the Ministry of Culture, the same year when he published “Open world”. In short, the work of Celaya is a great synthesis of almost all the concerns and styles of Spanish poetry of 20th century. Celaya died on April 18, 1991 in Madrid and his remains were scattered in his native Hernani.
1912 - José Botella Llusiá, gynecologists' and researcher (d. 2002).
1912 - Sabicas (proper name: Agustín Castellón Campos) was a flamenco guitarist of Romani origin. (d, 1990)
1918 - Luis Antonio Burón Barba, judge (d. 1995).
1928 - José María Cabodevilla, priest and theologian (d. 2003).
1928 - Miguel Poblet, cyclist (d. 2013)
1928 - José María Setién, bishop.
1947 - Vicente Ramos, basketball player.
1949 - Rodrigo de Rato y Figaredo is a conservative Spanish politician and banker who served in the government of Spain as Minister of Economy and as a vice president from 1996 to 2004.
He was managing director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) from 2004 to 2007 and president of Bankia between 2010 and 2012. Rato was arrested on 16 April 2015 for alleged fraud, embezzlement and money laundering
Despite his prior assurances that he did not own companies in tax havens, apparently he used two offshore companies to avoid taxes on millions of euros kept overseas
It has been alleged that he owes taxes to both the Spanish and Panamanian governments.On 23 February 2017, Rato was found guilty of embezzlement and sentenced to 4½ years' imprisonment
In September 2018, the sentence was confirmed by the Supreme Court of Spain., and Rato entered prison on 25 October 2018
1955 - Ana Obregón, actress and TV presenter, in Madrid.
1980 - Rapsusklei, rapper.

1567 - San Salvador D'Horta, cleric.
1870 - Joaquín Gaztambide, composer.
1886 - José María Montoto López Vigil, writer and jurist.
1892 - Isidoro Máiquez, actor
1989 - Francisco García Pavón, writer
1992 - Antonio Molina, flamenco singer and actor, in Madrid at the age of 62.
2023 - Pedro Solbes Mira was an economist and president of FRINDE, Madrid based think tank and was second deputy prime minister (2004-2009) (b. August 31 1942 in Pinoso)