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March 2

Saint’s Day for Lucio, Pablo, Jovino, Basileo and Heraclio.

1332 - Álava is incorporated into Castile.
1561 - Mendoza, Argentina is founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro del Castillo.
1821 - Alicante, more than a thousand workers in unemployment armed attack Alcoy textile factories and destroy their machines.
1891 - Spain held the first elections for male suffrage (only in 1931 will have universal suffrage).

Photo m.forocoches.com

1903 - in Barcelona The barrack Blasco Ibáñez opens.
1906 - The King of Spain inaugurates the works of the canal of Catalonia and Aragon.
1906 - La Coruña is founded the Real Club Deportivo de La Coruña.
1906 - Alfonso XIII officially inaugurates the irrigation canal which runs from Cataluña to Aragón, despite the fact that the building work was not to be completed until 1910.
1912 - Spain declares in mandatory reading of Don Quixote in public schools.
1913 - Madrid, many Catholics made a protest rally against the proposed government to declare not compulsory in schools teaching the Catholic religion.
1925 - Barcelona, the Austrian composer Richard Strauss begins to conduct the Municipal Band of Barcelona.
1928 - King Alfonso XIII dismisses Miguel de Unamuno from his professorship at the University of Salamanca.
1936 - The film The bobcat, directed by Rosario Pi debuts in Barcelona.
1937 - Barcelona, the maximum ration of bread is 250 g per person.
1940 - The Franco dictatorship dictates the Suppression Act, which aims to pursue Freemasonry and communism.
1943 - The Franco dictatorship Law of Military Rebellion, for which all political crimes will be tried in Council promulgating war.
1944 - the DNI National Identity Document is born in Spain, and No. 1 is issued in the name of Francisco Franco Bahamonde, General Franco. King Juan Carlos has No. 10.
1950 - officially inaugurates the Talgo train with a journey from Madrid to Valladolid.
1951 - in the first stage of reforestation in Spain have been planted in Jaén 224,000 pines.
1952 - Santander, theater Maria Lizard is totally destroyed by fire.
1965 - they start in Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid and other Spanish cities manifestations university in favor of freedom of association and the abolition of the SEU.
1974 - The Franco dictatorship executes the Catalan anarchist Puig Antich.
1994 - The Queen of Spain receives the Wiesenthal Human Rights Award for their continued commitment to tolerance and the fight against anti-Semitism and racism.
2000: the former Chilean dictator, Augusto Pinochet, is set free by the UK following his arrest in October 1998 on charges of torture placed by the Spanish National Court judge, Baltasar Garzón. His release came after months of legal wrangling over Spain’s application for extradition, and the decision by the UK Home Secretary, Jack Straw, to finally release Pinochet on medical grounds.
2001 - The Spanish government approved by decree-law a labor reform that is rejected by the opposition parties and unions.
2004 - the news Monitor leaves the air frequencies Grupo Radio Centro, due to the ruling of the International Court of Paris for Informed journalist Jose Alive Gutiérrez, for breach of contract of the radio station journalist.
2015 - The Ebro River burst its banks in Zaragoza with 2,610m3/sec in an historic flood
2017 - El País shares a new feature ‘The New Arrivals’ with The Guardian, Le Monde and Der Spiegel, and is sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and headlines ‘the odyssey of the new Europeans’ – 500 days, 25 lives, four newspapers and one project: relate the realities of the immigrants who are searching for a better future. It has a photo of the Alma de Africa football team which contains many migrants and is playing in Spain after a match in Jerez de la Frontera.  The paper lists all the immigrants that have been nationalised in Spain between 1995-2015; – the top three are: Ecuador – 272,812 Colombia – 197,849 Morocco – 190,721

1585 - Juan Macias, religious and holy Dominican, located in Peru.
Claudio Coello  - Self Portrait 
1642 - Claudio Coello was a Spanish Baroque painter. Coello is considered the last great Spanish painter of the 17th century. The son of Faustino Coello, a famous Portuguese sculptor, he was a court painter for Charles II. He worked on many churches and public buildings in Madrid, with his most famous work being in the sacristy of El Escorial, which is filled with portraits of priests and courtiers. Claudio Coello was of Portuguese parents, but was born at Madrid.  He was there instructed in the art by Francisco Rizi, and executed while yet in that school an altar-piece for San Plácido at Madrid. His acquaintance with the court painter, Juan Carreño de Miranda, procured him the permission to visit the royal collection, where he made his greatest advance by studying the works of Titian, Rubens, and Van Dyck. His friendship with José Jiménez Donoso, under whom he studied at Rome, was not less advantageous for him. In conjunction with that artist he painted frescoes at Madrid and Toledo, and executed the Triumphal Arch for the entrance of the Queen, Maria Louisa of Orleans.  (d. 1693)
1841 - Anne Elizabeth "Annie" Darwin, was the second child and eldest daughter of Charles and Emma Darwin. (d. 1851)
1895 - Eduardo Cansino Reina was a Spanish-born American dancer and actor, and the father of actress Rita Hayworth. (d. 1968)
1900 - Matilde Muñoz Sampedro, actress (d. 1969)
1913 - Celedonio Romero, guitarist and songwriter (The Romeros) (d. 1996)
1920 - Enrique Franco, pianist, composer (Cuerda de Presos) music promoter and broadcaster (National Spanish Radio; Radio Clásica) born in Madrid (d. 2009)
1930 - Actress Emma Penella, in Madrid
1913 - Celedonio Romero, guitarist.
1921 - Mariano Yela, psychologist and Spanish philosopher (d. 1994)
1930 - Fernando Quiñones, writer and poet.
1931 - Emma Penella, actress born in Madrid (d. 2007).
1933 - José Luis Pellicena, actor.
1934 - Antonio Gamero, actor (d. 2010).
1940 - Juan Luis Galiardo, stage actor, film producer, television actor, film actor (d. 2012).
1949 - Javier Rojo, politician.
1953 - Josema Yuste, comedian and actor.
1958 - Pedro Uralde, footballer.
1972 - Xavier O'Callaghan, handball player.
1976 - Jesús Carballo, gymnast.
1983 - Igor Antón, cyclist who was born in Galdácano, Vizcaya
1985 - Suso Santana, footballer

1724 - Joaquin Churriguera, architect master builder of the New Cathedral of Salamanca.
1783 - Francisco Salzillo, baroque sculptor.
1932 - Angela de la Cruz, nun and holy saint.
1967 - Azorín (José Martínez Ruiz), writer (b 1873.).
1973 - Jose Rojas Moreno, diplomat (b 1893.).
1974 - Salvador Puig Antich, anarchist (b. 1948)
1975 - Milagros Leal, actress.
1975 - Salvador Mestres, cartoonist and illustrator (b 1910.).
1981 - Enrique Pérez Comendador, sculptor.
1967 - José Martínez Ruiz, author and critic (b. 1873)
1997 - Vicente Parra, actor (b. 1931).
2004 - Alberto Miralles, theatre director and writer (b. 1940).
2009 - Joaquín Gutiérrez Cano, politician and diplomat (b. 1920).
2011 - Enrique Curiel,politician and political scientist (b 1947).