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March 5

Saint’s Day for Adrián and Juan José de la Cruz.

1329 - in the Kingdom of Navarra, Juana II and her husband Philip of Evreux are crowned kings.
1644 - in Valencia, the king of Spain founded the First Galera (women's prison).
1766 - Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.
1811 - Peninsular War: A French force under the command of Marshal Victor is routed while trying to prevent an Anglo-Spanish-Portuguese army from lifting the Siege of Cádiz in the Battle of Barrosa.
1838 - Carlist forces are defeated when they attack Zaragoza in the First Carlist War.

Felipe González swears as Prime Minister in 1982 - Archive photo

1847 - Queen Elizabeth II authorizes the City of Sevilla to celebrate the April Fair.
1860 - Queen Elizabeth II created by decree in the Official Meteorology Spain.
1901 - A new government led by Praxedes Mateo Sagasta is formed.
1916 - Spanish steamer 'Principe de Asturias' sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
1916 - Mallorca football club RCD Mallorca is founded.
1927 - The Spanish Navy training ship still in use today is launched in Cádiz. The four-mast top sail schooner is named for the explorer, Juan Sebastián Elcano, who sailed with Magellan on the first successful voyage around the world, and after the commander was killed in the Philippines, brought the only surviving ship back home to Spain in 1522.
1939 - Madrid, during the Spanish Civil War, the National Defense Council seizes control of the Republican government in a coup d'etat, with the intention of negotiating an end to the war
1954 - Commandant Demetrio Zorita Alonso becomes the first Spanish pilot to pass the sound barrier in a French Air Force plane at the Brétigny Air Base in France.
1963 - Madrid draws the hall of the new building of the National Lottery is inaugurated.
1964 - Ecuador and Spain signed an agreement on dual citizenship.
1977 - Manuel Fraga was appointed party chairman by the constituent congress of the Popular Alliance.
1999 - In Bosnia, the Spaniard Carlos Westendorp (high representative of the international community), dismisses Nikola Poplašen (president of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia) for his attempts to destabilize the peace process.
2005 - The Iberian peninsula suffers the biggest wave of cold of the last 25 years.
2015 - The judge ordered the judgement of 40 charged in the first stage (1999-2005) in the Gurtel case, among them three former treasurers of the PP

Rodrigo de Castro Osorio - https://dbe.rah.es/

1523 - Rodrigo de Castro Osorio, was Cardinal-Bishop of Zamora (1574–1578) and Diocese of Cuenca (1578–1581), Archbishop of Sevilla, (1581–1600), a member of the Council of State of Spain and the Supreme Council of the Spanish Inquisition for the reign of Philip II of Spain. (d. 1600).
1831 - Marcos Jiménez de la Espada, zoologist, herpetologist, explorer and writer, born in Cartagena, although he spent most of his life in Madrid, where he died in 1898. He is known for participating in the Pacific Scientific Commission, with whom he traveled America from 1862 to 1865.  He also published several works on geography and history of the American continent
1881 - Augusto Barcia y Trelles was a Spanish politician, several times member of the Congress of Deputies, who served as acting Prime Minister of Spain from 10 May 1936 to 13 May 1936 due to former PM Manuel Azaña being elected as President of the Republic. (d 1961)
1888 - Ramón Otero Pedrayo, writer (d. 1976).
1905 - Joaquín Calvo Sotelo, dramatist and academic (d. 1993).
1916 - Vicente Marco, journalist (d. 2008).
1918 - Joan-Josep Tharrats, painter, sculptor and writer (d. 2001).
1938 - Jordi Dauder, actor (d. 2011).
1941 - José María Merino, writer.
1942 - The former Socialist Prime Minister of Spain, Felipe González, was born in Sevilla. He was Prime Minister for almost 13 and a half years until the Partido Popular victory of 1996.
1943 - Manuel Ángel Conejero, philosopher.
1948 - Francisco Rivera, Paquirri, bullfighter (d. 1984).
1948 - Jesús de la Rosa Luque, musician in group Triana (d. 1983).
1964 - Jordi Galceran Ferrer (born in Barcelona) is a Catalan playwright, screenwriter and translator, 
1967 - Jorge Loriga Torrenova, better known as Ray Loriga. screenwriter, writer, author, film director, science fiction writer

1576 - Luis de Requesens, Spanish Navy, governor of Flanders (b. 1528)
1794 - Ramon de la Cruz, writer and dramatist (b. 1731)
1935 - Roque Ruaño, priest and engineer (b. 1877)
1993 - Carlos Montoya, guitarist (b. 1903).
2012 - Joaquim Muntañola, cartoonist (b 1918).
2014 - Leopoldo María Panero, poet and translator (b. 1948)